dundurs

Contents

LatvianEdit

 
Dundurs

EtymologyEdit

Derived from the verb dundēt(to thunder), etymologically a variant of dunēt(to drone, to boom) (q.v.): both iterative-intensive forms of a no longer existing verb *dunt(to resound). The word was originally a reference to the low-pitched buzzing noise made by horseflies. Cognates include Lithuanian dunduris(thunder, thunderclap), dundurỹs(horsefly), Middle Dutch dunder, German Donner(thunder).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

dundurs m (1st declension)

  1. horsefly, gadfly (medium to large flies (family: Tabanidae, especially Tabanus spp.) that suck the blood of mammals)
    dunduru laiks‎ ― horsefly time, weather
    atgaiņāt dundurus‎ ― to repel, drive away horseflies
    rūc kā dundurs‎ ― (s/he) growls like a horsefly (i.e., sings very badly)
    dunduri ēda nost zirgus un uzbruka arī cilvēkiem, kur vien varēdami piekļūt un pasūkt asinis‎ ― horseflies ate away the horses and attacked also people, wherever they could go and suck blood

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “dundurs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7