Old Polish edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *glǫbòkъ. First attested in the end of the 14th century.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /ɡɫæ̃bɔki/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /ɡɫæ̃bɔki/

Adjective edit

głęboki (adverb głęboko)

  1. deep (extending far down from the top, or surface, to the bottom)
    • 1939 [end of the 14th century], Ryszard Ganszyniec, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Kubica, Ludwik Bernacki, editors, Psałterz florjański łacińsko-polsko-niemiecki [Latin-Polish-German Florian Psalter]‎[1], Zakład Narodowy imienia Ossolińskich, z zasiłkiem Sejmu Śląskiego [The Ossoliński National Institute: with the benefit of the Silesian Parliament], pages 68, 2:
      Vwøznøl iesm w gline gløbokey (in limo profundi, Puł: w glynye glębokoszczy)
      [Uwiąznął jeśm w glinie głębokiej (in limo profundi, Puł: w glinie głębokości)]
    • c. 1500, Wokabularz lubiński, inkunabuł Archiwum Archidiecezjalnego w Gnieźnie, sygn. Inc. 78d., page 107v:
      Profundus [] tyeffe gląboky
      [Profundus [] tyeffe głęboki]
  2. deep; profound
    • 1939 [end of the 14th century], Ryszard Ganszyniec, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Kubica, Ludwik Bernacki, editors, Psałterz florjański łacińsko-polsko-niemiecki [Latin-Polish-German Florian Psalter]‎[2], Zakład Narodowy imienia Ossolińskich, z zasiłkiem Sejmu Śląskiego [The Ossoliński National Institute: with the benefit of the Silesian Parliament], pages 91, 5:
      Gospodne, barzo gløboke vczinili se sø misli twoie (nimis profundae factae sunt cogitationes tuae)
      [Gospodnie, barzo głębokie uczyniły sie są myśli twoje (nimis profundae factae sunt cogitationes tuae)]

Derived terms edit

nouns

Related terms edit

nouns
verbs

Descendants edit

  • Masurian: głémboki
  • Polish: głęboki
  • Silesian: głymboki

References edit

Polish edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Polish głęboki.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ɡwɛmˈbɔ.ki/
  • (Middle Polish) IPA(key): /ɡɫɛ̃ˈbɔ.ki/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɔki
  • Syllabification: głę‧bo‧ki

Adjective edit

głęboki (comparative głębszy, superlative najgłębszy, adverb głęboko)

  1. deep (extending far down from the top, or surface, to the bottom)
    Antonym: płytki
  2. deep (extending far from the edge)
  3. deep (having a large recess; voluminous)
    Antonym: płytki
  4. deep; late (of events, distant in time in the past; of times, late)
    Antonym: płytki
  5. deep (intense, i.e. of sleep)
  6. deep; heavy (being the result of serious events or processes)
  7. deep (low in pitch)
  8. deep (highly saturated; rich; darker)
  9. deep (complex, profound)
  10. deep (hard to penetrate or comprehend; profound; intricate; obscure)
  11. deep (inner, underlying, true; relating to one’s inner or private being rather than what is visible on the surface)
  12. (Middle Polish) dangerous; threatening (potentially causing harm or danger, especially for one's salvation)
  13. (Middle Polish) confidential; honest
  14. (Middle Polish) hidden; dishonest

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

nouns
verbs

Trivia edit

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), głęboki is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 15 times in scientific texts, 10 times in news, 20 times in essays, 23 times in fiction, and 5 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 73 times, making it the 881st most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[1]

References edit

  1. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “głęboki”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 129

Further reading edit