EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English depe, deep, dep, deop, from Old English dēop (deep, profound; awful, mysterious; heinous; serious, solemn, earnest; extreme, great), from Proto-West Germanic *deup, from Proto-Germanic *deupaz (deep), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ-nós, from *dʰewb- (deep).

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: dēp, IPA(key): /diːp/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːp

AdjectiveEdit

deep (comparative deeper, superlative deepest)

  1. (of distance or position; also figurative) Extending far away from a point of reference, especially downwards.
    1. Extending far down from the top, or surface, to the bottom, literally or figuratively.
      The lake is extremely deep.
      We hiked into a deep valley between tall mountains.
      There was a deep layer of dust on the floor; the room had not been disturbed for many years.
      In the mid-1970s, the economy went into a deep recession.
      We are in deep trouble.
    2. Far in extent in another (non-downwards, but generally also non-upwards) direction away from a point of reference.
      The shelves are 30 centimetres deep. — They are deep shelves.
    3. (in combination) Extending to a level or length equivalent to the stated thing.
      The water was waist-deep.
      There is an arm-deep hole in the wall.
    4. In a (specified) number of rows or layers.
      a crowd three deep along the funeral procession
    5. Thick.
      That cyclist's deep chest allows him to draw more air.
      • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 5, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
        Here, in the transept and choir, where the service was being held, one was conscious every moment of an increasing brightness; colours glowing vividly beneath the circular chandeliers, and the rows of small lights on the choristers' desks flashed and sparkled in front of the boys' faces, deep linen collars, and red neckbands.
    6. Voluminous.
      to take a deep breath / sigh / drink
      • 1910, Emerson Hough, chapter I, in The Purchase Price: Or The Cause of Compromise, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, OCLC 639762314:
        Serene, smiling, enigmatic, she faced him with no fear whatever showing in her dark eyes. [] She put back a truant curl from her forehead where it had sought egress to the world, and looked him full in the face now, drawing a deep breath which caused the round of her bosom to lift the lace at her throat.
    7. Positioned or reaching far, especially down through something or into something.
      Diving down to deep wrecks can be dangerous.
      I can't get the bullet out – it's too deep.
      1. (cricket, baseball, softball) Far from the center of the playing area, near to the boundary of the playing area, either in absolute terms or relative to a point of reference.
        He is fielding at deep mid wicket.
        She hit a ball into deep center field.
      2. (sports such as soccer, tennis) Penetrating a long way, especially a long way forward.
        a deep volley
        a deep run into the opposition half
      3. (sports such as soccer, American football, tennis) Positioned back, or downfield, towards one's own goal, or towards or behind one's baseline or similar reference point.
        Our defensive live is too deep. We need to move further up the field.
        She returns serve from a very deep position.
  2. (intellectual, social) Complex, involved.
    1. Profound, having great meaning or import, but possibly obscure or not obvious.
      That is a deep thought!
    2. Significant, not superficial, in extent.
      They're in deep discussion.
    3. Hard to penetrate or comprehend; profound; intricate; obscure.
      a deep subject or plot
      • c. 1840, Thomas De Quincey:
        Why it was that the ancients had no landscape painting, is a question deep almost as the mystery of life, and harder of solution than all the problems of jurisprudence combined.
    4. Of penetrating or far-reaching intellect; not superficial; thoroughly skilled; sagacious; cunning.
  3. (sound, voice) Low in pitch.
    She has a very deep contralto voice.
    • 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 5, in A Cuckoo in the Nest:
      The departure was not unduly prolonged. [] Within the door Mrs. Spoker hastily imparted to Mrs. Love a few final sentiments on the subject of Divine Intention in the disposition of buckets; farewells and last commiserations; a deep, guttural instigation to the horse; and the wheels of the waggonette crunched heavily away into obscurity.
  4. (of a color or flavour) Highly saturated; rich.
    That's a very deep shade of blue.
    The spices impart a deep flavour to the dish.
  5. (sleep) Sound, heavy (describing a state of sleep from which one is not easily awoken).
    He was in a deep sleep.
  6. Muddy; boggy; sandy; said of roads.
  7. (of time) Distant in the past, ancient.
    deep time
    in the deep past

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

AdverbEdit

deep (comparative more deep or deeper, superlative most deep or deepest)

  1. Far, especially far down through something or into something, physically or figuratively.
    The ogre lived in a cave deep underground.
    We ventured deep into the forest.
    His problems lie deep in the subconscious.
    I am deep in debt.
    • 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page vii:
      Hepaticology, outside the temperate parts of the Northern Hemisphere, still lies deep in the shadow cast by that ultimate "closet taxonomist," Franz Stephani—a ghost whose shadow falls over us all.
  2. (also deeply) In a profound, not superficial, manner.
    I thought long and deep.
  3. (also deeply) In large volume.
    breathe deep, drink deep
  4. (sports) Back towards one's own goal, baseline, or similar.
    He's normally a midfield player, but today he's playing deep.

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

deep (countable and uncountable, plural deeps)

  1. (literary, with "the") The deep part of a lake, sea, etc.
    creatures of the deep
  2. (literary, with "the") A silent time; quiet isolation.
    the deep of night
  3. (rare) A deep shade of colour.
    • 2014, William H. Gass, On Being Blue: A Philosophical Inquiry, page 59:
      For our blues we have the azures and ceruleans, lapis lazulis, the light and dusty, the powder blues, the deeps: royal, sapphire, navy, and marine []
  4. (US, rare) The profound part of a problem.
  5. (with "the") The sea, the ocean.
  6. (cricket) A fielding position near the boundary.
    Russell is a safe pair of hands in the deep.

TranslationsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Terms derived from the noun deep

Related termsEdit

Terms related to the adjective, adverb, or noun deep

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


Central FranconianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • deef (northern Moselle Franconian; now predominant in Ripuarian)
  • dief (southern Moselle Franconian)

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Proto-West Germanic *deup. One of several Ripuarian relict words with an unshifted post-vocalic plosive. Compare Aap (ape), söke (to seek).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

deep (masculine deepe, feminine deep, comparativer deeper, superlative et deepste)

  1. (Ripuarian, archaic in many dialects) deep

Middle EnglishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

deep

  1. Alternative form of depe

AdverbEdit

deep

  1. Alternative form of depe

PlautdietschEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German diep, from Old Saxon diop.

AdjectiveEdit

deep

  1. deep, profound