Akkadian edit

Etymology edit

Probably a loan from West Semitic, ultimately from Proto-West Semitic *gamal- (camel). Cognate with Arabic جَمَل(jamal) and Biblical Hebrew גָּמָל(gɔmɔ́l).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

gammalu m (plural gammalû) (Neo-Assyrian)

  1. camel
    • 721-705, Aššur-belu-taqqin's letter in Information on Sales of Camels and Other Business[1], lines 5–6:
      𒅇 𒈠𒀀 𒁹𒂗 "𒀲𒃵𒂷" 𒀸 𒊮𒁉 𒁹 𒈫𒐈 𒈠𒈾 𒆬𒌓
      𒄿𒋛𒆥 𒀀𒈾 𒁹𒆳𒀀𒀀 𒇽𒄥𒁍𒋼
      u₃ ma-a 1-en ANŠE.gam-mal ina ŠA₃-bi 1 2:3 MA.NA [KUG.UD]
      i-si-qi a-na ᵐmad-a-a LU₂.qur-bu-te
      /u mā issēn gammal ina libbi 01 2:3 manê ṣarpi
      issiqi ana Madaya ša-qurbūte
      Further, "He has bought one camel for 1 2/3 minas [of silver] and sold it to the bodyguard Madayu.

Alternative forms edit

Cuneiform spellings
Logograms Phonetic

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • gammalu”, in The Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (CAD), Chicago: University of Chicago Oriental Institute, 1956–2011