EnglishEdit

NounEdit

 
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gumma (plural gummas or gummata)

  1. (pathology) a soft, non-cancerous growth, a form of granuloma, resulting from the tertiary stage of syphilis.

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡuma/
  • Rhymes: -uma
  • Hyphenation: gu‧m‧ma

Etymology 1Edit

From Late Latin gumma (gum) (sticky substance from some plants), from Latin gummi (gum),[1] from Ancient Greek κόμμι (kómmi, gum),[2] probably from Egyptian qmy (anointing oil), qmyt (acanthus resin, gum).

NounEdit

gumma n

  1. (pathology) gumma, a non-cancerous growth resulting from the tertiary stage of syphilis.
    • 1896, Vítězslav Janovský, “Gumma”, in Ottův slovník naučný[1], volume X, Praha: J. Otto, page 617:
      Gumma, hlíva, nazývá se druh novotvaru příjičného, který v podobě uzlů ostře ohraničených se jeví na kůži a ostatních orgánech lidského těla jako pozdní projev příjice […]
      Gumma is a kind of syphilitic growth, which appears on the skin and other human body organs in the form of sharply bordered lumps as a late manifestation of syphilis […]

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From older gummi, from Latin gummi, from Ancient Greek κόμμι (kómmi),[3] probably from Egyptian qmy (anointing oil), qmyt (acanthus resin, gum).

NounEdit

gumma f

  1. (obsolete, singular only) gum, a sticky substance from some plants
    • 1902, “Pegu”, in Ottův slovník naučný[2], volume 19, Praha: J. Otto, page 398–399:
      Tabák, ovoce, surové hedvábí, pryskyřice, gumma atd. dováží se z Číny po ř. Iravadi, […]
      Tobacco, fruit, crude silk, resin, gum etc. are imported from China along the Irrawaddy River, […]
  2. (obsolete, singular only) rubber
    • 1902, “Papír”, in Ottův slovník naučný[3], volume 19, Praha: J. Otto, page 172–187:
      […] zpodní válec dostává nyní obyčejně povlak z tvrdé gummy.
      […] now the lower cylinder usually gets a hard rubber coating.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ gumma”, in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary.
  2. ^ Diab, Mohammad (1999). "Gumma". Lexicon of Orthopaedic Etymology. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers. p. 140. →ISBN.
  3. ^ "guma" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, Leda, 2015, →ISBN, page 209.

Further readingEdit

  • gumma in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • gumma in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Swedish guma of the sane meaning.

NounEdit

gumma c

  1. (colloquial, usually derogatory) an old woman
  2. (colloquial, derogatory) a woman who is considered to look like being old
  3. (colloquial) an expression of affection to a girl or a young woman
  4. (colloquial, dated) a wife

DeclensionEdit

Declension of gumma 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative gumma gumman gummor gummorna
Genitive gummas gummans gummors gummornas

VerbEdit

gumma

  1. (archaic) to cover or otherwise apply with rubber

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit