TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -a.

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Used to create genus names from proper nouns
  2. Used to take the form of certain plural Latin-derived taxonomic names

Derived termsEdit


EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From the homographic case endings of the nominative, accusative, and vocative forms of numerous Latin neuter second declension nouns.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. plural of -um
  2. plural of -on
Usage notesEdit
  • Whereas the regular pluralization in English involves adding -s or -es, English words derived from a Latin/Greek etymon where the Latin/Greek would pluralize from -on (Greek) or -um (Latin) to -a do not always do so. Usage of -a instead of -s differs between words: sometimes the two are interchangeable (e.g. memorandums/memoranda, polyhedrons/polyhedra), sometimes one is far more common than the other (e.g. neurons over neura, automata over automatons), and sometimes one is completely absent from usage (e.g. bacteria over bacteriums, dendrons over dendra)
  • The word data is etymologically the plural of datum but is commonly regarded as an uncountable noun.
Derived termsEdit
From -um
From -on
TranslationsEdit
See alsoEdit
associated suffixes

Etymology 2Edit

Representing the nominative singular case ending of Latin first-declension feminine nouns.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a (plural -ae or )

  1. Marks singular nouns, with a foundation in Greek or Latin, often implying femininity, especially when contrasted with words terminating in -us.
    Synonyms: -ess, -ette, -rix, she-
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Latin -a.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Changes an element or substance into an oxide.
    magnesium + ‎-a → ‎magnesia

Etymology 4Edit

Shortened version of verb have.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. (slang) Alternative form of 've

Etymology 5Edit

Equivalent to Etymology 2, representing Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish feminine nouns.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Marks nouns, with a foundation in Italian, Spanish, or Portuguese, implying femininity.

Etymology 6Edit

Added especially for metrical reasons, or as an empty filler syllable. Also used to imitate an Italian accent.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Added for metrical reasons to songs, poetry and verse, or as an empty filler syllable to other speech.
    • 1623, Shakespeare, The Winter’s Tale, IV.iii:
      A merry heart goes all the day
      Your sad tires in a mile-a
    • 1936 July 18, Leon Schlesinger (producer) / Norman Spencer (music), I Love to Singa:
      I love to sing-a / about the moon-a and the June-a and the spring-a, / I love to sing-a / about a sky of blue-a, or a tea for two-a.
    • 2014, Don Pendleton, California Hit, Open Road Media (→ISBN)
      "I'm-a tell-a you why you better be. I named you in my will, Franco."
Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 7Edit

Shortened version of preposition of.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. (slang) clitic form of o' (contraction of of)

Etymology 8Edit

Shortened version of verb to.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. (informal) to (infinitive marker)

See alsoEdit

  • -er (which, in various non-rhotic dialects, reduces to -a, e.g. fatha, burna), compare -z

ReferencesEdit


AlbanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

Related to Albanian e (of, the, to) and -e.

ArticleEdit

-a f

  1. feminine singular nominative suffixed definite article: the
    ditë (day) + ‎-a → ‎dita (the day)
    natë (night) + ‎-a → ‎nata (the night)

Related termsEdit

suffixed article, suffix
article, preposition

CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Forms agent nouns.
    radit + ‎-a → ‎rada
  2. Forms nouns referring to results of processes.
    naladit + ‎-a → ‎nálada

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • -a in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Plural form of -um
    Synonym: -ums
  2. feminine of -us

EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From feminine singular adjectives (and nouns) of the Romance languages, such as French ma, Italian mia, Spanish mía, fría.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Related to, in the manner of, of. Ending for all adjectives in Esperanto.
    belo (beauty) + ‎-a → ‎bela (beautiful)
    dekstro (the right direction) (as opposed to left) + ‎-a → ‎dekstra (to the right)
    vero (truth) + ‎-a → ‎vera (true)
  2. Belonging to, of. Ending for all possessive pronouns in Esperanto.
    mi (I; me) + ‎-a → ‎mia (of me, my)
    vi (you) + ‎-a → ‎via (of you, your)
    ili (they; them) + ‎-a → ‎ilia (of them, their)
  3. Used to form the ordinal numeral.
    unu (one) + ‎-a → ‎unua (first)
    du (two) + ‎-a → ‎dua (second)
    dek tri (thirteen) + ‎-a → ‎dek-tria (thirteenth)
    cent (hundred) + ‎-a → ‎centa (hundredth)
  4. -kind of. Ending of all correlatives of kind in Esperanto.
    ki- + ‎-a → ‎kia (what kind of)
    ti- + ‎-a → ‎tia (that kind of)
    neni- + ‎-a → ‎nenia (no kind of)

Derived termsEdit

Ending for all adjectives.
Ending for all possessive pronouns in Esperanto.
Ending of all ordinal numerals in Esperanto.
Ending of all correlatives of kind in Esperanto.

FinnishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (in words with front vowel harmony)

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Finnic *-da, from the Proto-Uralic ablative case *-ta. A variant form *-ta (whence Finnish -ta) was used after a syllable with secondary stress (suffixal gradation).

SuffixEdit

-a (front vowel harmony variant )

  1. (case suffix) Forms the partitive case of nouns, adjectives, numbers and some pronouns.

Usage notesEdit

  • This suffix is used after a short vowel or the plural marker -j-.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Finnic *-dak. Historically, a form of a lative suffix.

SuffixEdit

-a (front vowel harmony variant )

  1. (verbal suffix) Forms the short form of the first infinitive of verbs.

Usage notesEdit

  • The first infinitive, short form, is the citation form of verbs.

See alsoEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Suffix indicating the third-person singular past historic of -er verbs.

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)


GaroEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. neutral, unmarked tense-aspect marker

Usage notesEdit

In addition to present time, it often shows habitual action, and can also past and future


GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

-a

  1. Romanization of -𐌰

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From the *sᴕ̈ third-person personal pronoun of the ancestor language after it was appended to the word of possession. According to some linguists this attachment happened in the Proto-Uralic era, while others think it happened much later when the Hungarian language became independent.[1]

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. (possessive suffix) [1055]
    1. (after a single possessor) his, her, its, -'s, of (third-person singular, single possession)
      ház (house) + ‎-a → ‎a háza (his/her/its house)
      ház (“house”) → Anna háza (“Anna’s house”)
      ház (“house”) → a felkelő nap háza (“the house of the rising sun”)
    2. (after a plural possessor) -s', of-s (third-person plural, single possession)
      ház (“house”) → a szüleim háza (“my parents’ house”)
      ház (“house”) → a trópusi növények háza (“the house of tropical plants” [literally, “the tropical plants’ house”])
    3. (with time expressions, referring to a point in time) ago
      Egy évszázada ment el.S/he left one century ago.
      Synonym: -val/-vel ezelőtt (e.g. egy évszázaddal ezelőtt [“-val” assimilated to “-dal”])
    4. (with time expressions, referring to a duration of time preceding the point of time in question) for
      Egy évszázada várunk rád.We have been waiting for you for a century.
    5. (mostly with quantities, often following -ik) of, out of (partitive sense)
      Synonym: (only with countable quantities) közül
      / jav- (“the greater/better part”) → a java még hátravan (“the best/bulk is yet to come”, literally “its best/bulk is…”)
      legnagyobbik (“the biggest one”) → a bikák legnagyobbika (“the biggest [one] of the bulls”; the same meaning as a legnagyobb bika)
  2. (personal suffix) [end of the 12th century] Third-person singular personal suffix in back-vowel verbs. Today it can be found in the third-person singular definite forms (indicative past and imperative conjugations) as part of the suffix -ja, -ta.
    tud (to know)tudta (he/she knew [that])
    tud (to know)tudja (know (imperative mood))
  3. (personal suffix) [end of the 12th century] Third-person singular personal suffix in back-vowel conjugated infinitives and in the declined and postposition forms of the third-person personal pronoun ő (he/she/it).
    tanulni (to study)tanulnia kell (he/she must study)
    -ról (about)róla (about him/her/it)
    után (after)utána (after him/her/it)
Usage notesEdit
  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -a is added to back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -e is added to front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ja is added to back-vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-; final -o changes to -ó-.
    -je is added to front-vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-; final changes to -ő-.
    • This suffix (in all forms) is normally used for the third-person singular possessive (single possession) but, after an explicit plural possessor, it also expresses the third-person plural possessive (single possession), e.g. “the children's ball” (a gyerekek labdája). If the possessor is implicit (not named, only marked by a suffix), the plural possessive suffix must be used, e.g. “their ball” (a labdájuk, see -juk and its variants).
DeclensionEdit
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative -a
accusative -át
dative -ának
instrumental -ával
causal-final -áért
translative -ává
terminative -áig
essive-formal -aként
essive-modal -ául
inessive -ában
superessive -án
adessive -ánál
illative -ába
sublative -ára
allative -ához
elative -ából
delative -áról
ablative -ától
non-attributive
possessive - singular
-áé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
-áéi

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

[1055] It can be traced back to Proto-Uralic *-i̮ which with the word-final vowel created the diphthong -ai̮/-ei̮. This had simplified to -á/-é, finally in the Old Hungarian era it had shortened to -a/-e. It was a productive suffix at that time, the back-vowel variant was used even in front-vowel words such as the Old Hungarian female given names Fehéra and Szépa, derived from fehér (light in color) and szép (beautiful), respectively.[1]

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. (diminutive suffix) The back-vowel variant of the -a/-e diminutive suffix pair. In the past it could be found in common nouns, as well, but today it is used mostly in given names.
    cic (the sound for calling a cat)cica (kitten)
    Zsigmond (Siegmund)Zsiga (Sig)

Etymology 3Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. (personal suffix, archaic) Used to form the third-person singular indicative past indefinite, for back-vowel verbs. The front-vowel version is -e. The suffix currently used in this place is -t, -tt, or -ott. For the full paradigm, see the usage template.

Etymology 4Edit

Along with its front-vowel counterpart -e, from the diphthongs -ai̮/-ei̮, developing to -á/-é, then shortened to this form by the end of the early Old Hungarian period. After the participle suffix became fixed as /, the remaining words suffixed with -a/-e underwent conversion; some became adjectives, others, nouns.[1]

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. (obsolete participle suffix) Synonym of (present-participle suffix) From a synchronic perspective, it can be viewed as a nominal-forming suffix, preserved in some adjectives and nouns (see below). No longer productive. Its front-vowel version is -e.
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 -a in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

IcelandicEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Used to form verbs from nouns.
    spark (a kick) + ‎-a → ‎sparka (to kick)
    mjólk (milk) + ‎-a → ‎mjólka (to milk)
    von (hope) + ‎-a → ‎vona (to hope)
    ávarp (an address) + ‎-a → ‎ávarpa (to address)
    rit (a writ) + ‎-a → ‎rita (to write)
    rass (an ass) + ‎-a → ‎rassa (to spank (on the ass))
  2. Used to form adverbs from adjectives.
    illur (bad) + ‎-a → ‎illa (badly)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


IdoEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. suffix denoting adjective.
    arjento (silver, noun) + ‎-a → ‎arjenta (silver, adjective)

Derived termsEdit

Usage notesEdit

One may elide the final a of the adjectives, but with the condition not to produce accumulation from the consonants. One advise to use the elision mainly with the derivatived adjectives and particularly when they finish with -al-(a).[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “KGD”, in Kompleta gramatiko detaloza[1] (in Ido), accessed 2015-12-23, archived from the original on 27 January 2012

IrishEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. plural ending of certain nouns
  2. plural ending of adjectives in the nominative, vocative, dative, and strong genitive cases
  3. genitive singular ending of third-declension nouns

ItalianEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Used, with a stem, to form the third-person singular present tense of -are verbs.
  2. Used, with a stem, to form the second-person singular imperative of -are verbs.
  3. Used, with a stem, to form the first-person singular, second-person singular and third-person singular present subjunctive of -ere verbs, and of those -ire verbs that do not insert -isc-.
  4. Used, with a stem, to form the third-person singular imperative of -ere verbs, and of those -ire verbs that do not insert -isc-.

LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Italic *-ā, from Proto-Indo-European *-ih₂ (feminine suffix) (forming in this case masculine nouns).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a f or m (genitive -ae); first declension

  1. suffixed to the roots of verbs, forms (usually masculine) agent nouns
    adveniō + ‎-a → ‎advena
    caedō + ‎-a → ‎-cīda
    colō + ‎-a → ‎-cola
    cōnferveō + ‎-a → ‎cōnferva f
    cōnsolidō + ‎-a → ‎cōnsolida f
    scrībō + ‎-a → ‎scrība
DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative -a -ae
Genitive -ae -ārum
Dative -ae -īs
Accusative -am -ās
Ablative -īs
Vocative -a -ae
SynonymsEdit
  • (suffixed to the roots of verbs, forms masculine agent nouns): -ō¹
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Latin -ād, originally the ablative feminine singular form of first-declension adjectives (compare -us (suffix forming adjectives)).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

(not comparable)

  1. suffixed chiefly to the stems of adjectives terminating in -ter, forms adverbs which are frequently also used as prepositions
    cis + citrā
    exter + extrā
    in- + -ter + intrā
    uls + ultrā
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. inflection of -us:
    1. nominative/vocative feminine singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter plural

SuffixEdit

  1. ablative feminine singular of -us

Etymology 4Edit

A conjugated form of -ō³ (suffix forming verbs).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of

LatvianEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Used to derive feminine nouns from masculine nouns (like English -ess).
    Synonym: -e

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Feminine suffixes that include -a

LushootseedEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. and (attached only to čəd, čəxʷ, čəɬ & čələp)

Derived termsEdit


MakasarEdit

ArticleEdit

-a

  1. the (definite article for common nouns)
    Ba'dai uringa.[1]The saucepan is leaking.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Aburaerah Arief (1995) Kamus Makassar–Indonesia, Ujung Pandang: Yayaan Perguruan Islam Kapita, page 29.

MalteseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • -ja (used after -i, -j; also another ending of different origin)
  • -wa (used after -u, -w)

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic ـَة(-a), reinforced by Sicilian and Italian -a, which are unrelated but used similarly.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /a/
  • Homophone: -ha (distinct after -h, -ħ, -għ; may also trigger different stem alternations)

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Used to form the feminine forms of most nouns and adjectives.
  2. Used to form the plurals of some nouns and adjectives.
  3. Used to form singulatives from collective nouns.

Murui HuitotoEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Forms nouns denoting the action of the suffixed verb; -ing, -tion

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Katarzyna Izabela Wojtylak (2017) A grammar of Murui (Bue): a Witotoan language of Northwest Amazonia.[2], Townsville: James Cook University press (PhD thesis), page 81

Northern SamiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Samic *-ëk. Cognate with Finnish -e.

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

SuffixEdit

-a (with odd-syllable stems -at)

  1. Forms nouns from verbs, indicating something used for performing the verb.
    loavdit (to cover the tent) + ‎-a → ‎loavdda (tent cloth)
  2. Forms nouns from verbs, indicating something that results from having the verb's action performed.
    čállit (to write) + ‎-a → ‎čála (writing)

Usage notesEdit

This suffix triggers the weak grade on a preceding stressed syllable in the nominative singular and essive, and the strong grade in the other forms.

InflectionEdit

Odd, no gradation
Nominative -at
Genitive -aga
Singular Plural
Nominative -at -agat
Accusative -aga -agiid
Genitive -aga -agiid
Illative -agii -agiidda
Locative -agis -agiin
Comitative -agiin -agiiguin
Essive -agin
Possessive forms
Singular Dual Plural
1st person -agan -ageamẹ -ageamẹt
2nd person -agat -ageattẹ -ageattẹt
3rd person -agis -ageaskkạ -ageasẹt

Derived termsEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. the, Definite marker used for
    Synonym: (only for strong nouns; nonstandard since 2012) -i
    1. the definite singular of (strong) feminine nouns.
    2. the definite plural of strong neuter nouns.
    3. (dialectal) the dative singular case of strong masculine nouns.
    4. (archaic, nonstandard) Used to form definite singular dative case of weak masculine and neuter nouns
  2. -ed, Used for:
    1. the past tense of a-verbs.
    2. the supines of a-verbs and some preterite-present verbs (e.g. har bada, kasta, kunna, skulla, vilja).
    3. the past participles of a-verbs.
    4. adjectives (e.g. grepa, heilhjarta).
  3. Used to form an infinitive form for most verbs. When using split infinitive, this only applies to a select group.
  4. Used to form singular indefinite feminine form of some pronouns and adjectives (e.g. inga, lita, noka etc.).
    Synonym: -i (non-standard since 2012)
  5. plural of -um
  6. plural of -on
  7. Used as an ending of weak nouns and adjectives. Used for:
    1. the singular of weak feminine nouns, indefinite (non-standard since 2012) and definite forms.
    2. the singular of weak neuter nouns, indefinite and definite forms (e.g. auga, hjarta, øyra).
    3. (dated or dialectal) adverbs (form removed with the spelling reform of 2012; superseded by -e).
    4. (Aasen, archaic or dialectal) the singular definite feminine and neuter forms of adjectives.
  8. (Aasen, archaic, nonstandard) Used to form the feminine indefinite plural of adjectives.
  9. (Aasen, archaic, nonstandard) Used to form the genitive plural of nouns.
    Synonyms: -a-, -e-

AnagramsEdit


Old EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Germanic *-ô. Cognate with Old High German -o.

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. nominative masculine n-stem ending
    ācweornasquirrel
    folafoal
    dracadragon
    grīmamask
    heorradoor hinge
  2. used to form masculine agents from verbs
    huntian (to hunt) + ‎-a → ‎hunta (hunter)
    meldian (to inform) + ‎-a → ‎melda (informer)
    ġiefan (to give) + ‎-a → ‎ġiefa (giver)
    dēman (to judge) + ‎-a → ‎dēma (a judge)
    cuman (to come) + ‎-a → ‎cuma (guest)
DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

  • (agent suffix): -end
  • (agent suffix): -ere
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Middle English: -e

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Germanic *-ô.

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Ending forming adverbs

Usage notesEdit

  • Though it was common in Proto-Germanic and Proto-West Germanic, in Old English this ending is restricted to only a few adverbs, among them sōna (immediately) and ġeāra (long ago). The competing suffix -e is much more common, along with -līċe.

Old IrishEdit

PronounEdit

-a

  1. combines with prepositions to form a relative pronoun
    ar (for the sake of) + ‎-a → ‎ara (for the sake of whom/which)

Derived termsEdit


Old NorseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. indicates negation; does not

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Germanic *-ōną.

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Creates denominative verbs from nouns
  2. Creates factitive verbs from adjectives
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Danish: -e
  • Icelandic: -a
  • Faroese: -a
  • Norwegian:
    Norwegian Nynorsk: -e, -a
  • Old Swedish: -a
    • Swedish: -a

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Germanic *-ê and *-ô.

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Used to make adverbs from adjectives
    gjarn + ‎-a → ‎gjarna

Etymology 4Edit

From Proto-Germanic *-ǭ or *-ô.

SuffixEdit

-a f or n

  1. Occurs in the nominative singular of feminine on-stem nouns
  2. Occurs in the singular of neuter an-stem nouns
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Different noun forms.

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. indefinite genitive plural (of nouns)
  2. inflection of -i (masculine an-stem nouns):
    1. indefinite oblique singular
    2. indefinite accusative plural
  3. indefinite accusative plural of -r (masculine a-stem nouns)

Old SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse -a.

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    sighia
    to say
    hælgha
    to celebrate

DescendantsEdit

  • Swedish: -a

PhaluraEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Third person singular suffix
Alternative formsEdit
  • -íi (With e-ending verb stems)
  • -óo (With a-ending verb stems)
  • -e (Biori)
  • -úu (With a-ending verb stems in Biori)

ReferencesEdit

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[3], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Plural suffix (with a-declension nouns)
Alternative formsEdit
  • (With accent-shifting nouns)
  • -ée (Alternation with ái-a for ai-ending nouns)

ReferencesEdit

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[4], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Etymology 3Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Oblique case suffix (with a-declension nouns)
Alternative formsEdit
  • (With accent shifting nouns)
  • -ée (Alternation with ái-a for ai-ending nouns)

ReferencesEdit

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[5], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Etymology 4Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Masculine plural agreement suffix

ReferencesEdit

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[6], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Etymology 5Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Masculine non-nominative and non-singular agreement suffix

ReferencesEdit

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[7], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Forms nominative feminine nouns
  2. Forms feminine names from masculine names
    Zdzisław + ‎-a → ‎Zdzisława
  3. Forms feminine nominative and vocative forms of adjectives
    główny + ‎-a → ‎główna
  4. Used to create the masculine genitive singular, usually of animate nouns, but also of some inanimate nouns
    Zdzisław + ‎-a → ‎Zdzisława
    but + ‎-a → ‎buta
  5. Forms the nominative plural of neuter nouns
    zdanie + ‎-a → ‎zdania
  6. Forms genitive singular of neuter nouns
    zdanie + ‎-a → ‎zdania
  7. Used in some adverbial constructions
    od dawna
    zgoła

Derived termsEdit


PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Portuguese -a, from Latin -am, accusative singular of -a.

SuffixEdit

-a f

  1. forms feminine nouns and adjectives
    Uruguai (Uruguay) + ‎-a → ‎uruguaia (woman from Uruguay)

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Portuguese -a, from Latin -at.

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. forms the third-person singular present indicative of verbs ending in -ar
    João fala português.John speaks Portuguese.

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Portuguese -a, from Latin .

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. forms the second-person singular affirmative imperative of verbs ending in -ar
    João, conta-nos o teu apelido.John, tell us your last name.

Etymology 4Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. forms the first-person singular present subjunctive of verbs ending in -er and -ir
    É importante que eu coma carne.It is important that I eat meat.
  2. forms the third-person singular present subjunctive of verbs ending in -er and -ir
    É importante que ele coma carne.It is important that he eat meat.
  3. forms the third-person singular affirmative imperative of verbs ending in -er and -ir
    Ei você aí, coma carne.Hey you there, eat meat.
  4. forms the third-person singular negative imperative of verbs ending in -er and -ir
    Ei você aí, não coma carne.Hey you there, don’t eat meat.
Usage notesEdit

The third-person imperative isn’t used with third person pronouns, it’s used with você, which is a second-person pronoun but always takes third-person conjugation.

Etymology 5Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. (slang) used in the end of shortenings
    vestibular + ‎-a → ‎vestiba (university admittance test)
    vagabundo + ‎-a → ‎vagaba (loafer)



RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin illa, nominative feminine singular of ille.

Alternative formsEdit

  • -ua (used for feminine nouns ending in a stressed vowel or diphthong)

SuffixEdit

-a f

  1. (definite article) the (feminine singular, nominative and accusative)
Usage notesEdit

This form of the definite article is used for feminine nouns in the nominative and accusative cases which end in or in an unstressed vowel:

The suffix is also used with feminine adjectives in the nominative and accusative cases to make the articulated definite form, often for emphasis, and it is used before the noun it modifies:

Related termsEdit
  • -ei (feminine singular genitive and dative)
  • -i (masculine/neuter plural nominative and accusative)
  • -le (feminine plural nominative and accusative)
  • -l (masculine/neuter singular nominative and accusative)
  • -lor (plural genitive and dative)
  • -lui (masculine/neuter singular genitive and dative)

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin -āre, the ending of the present active infinitive form of first conjugation verbs. Cognate with Spanish -ar, French -er, Italian -are, etc.

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. A suffix forming infinitives of many verbs.
Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Derived termsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

SuffixEdit

-a (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. Suffix appended to words (usually verbal stems) to create a feminine noun, usually denoting a relation or to form a proper noun.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Slavic *-a, from Proto-Indo-European *-ōd, the thematic ablative ending.

SuffixEdit

-a (Cyrillic spelling )

  1. Forms the genitive singular of masculine and neuter nouns and indefinite adjectives.

SlovakEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *-ę.

SuffixEdit

-a n

  1. Forms nouns for young animals and other diminutives.

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • After labio-dental and bilabial consonants is used instead.

SpanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin -a.

SuffixEdit

-a f (plural -as)

  1. -ess used to form feminine singular nouns
    señor (gentleman) + ‎-a → ‎señora (lady)
    camarero (waiter) + ‎-a → ‎camarera (waitress)

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. used to form feminine singular adjectives
    frío (cold) + ‎-a → ‎fría (cold)

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin -at, the third-person singular present active indicative ending of first conjugation verbs.

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. used to form the third-person singular (also used with usted) present indicative mood of regular -ar verbs
    hablar (to talk) + ‎-a → ‎habla (talks)

Etymology 3Edit

From Latin -eam, Latin -am, and Latin -iam the first-person singular present active subjunctive endings of second, third, and fourth conjugation verbs, respectively; and from Latin -eat, Latin -at, and Latin -iat, the third-person singular present active subjunctive ending of second, third, and fourth conjugation verbs, respectively.

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. used to form the first and third-person singular (also used with usted) singular present subjunctive mood of -er and -ir verbs, also used for the imperative mood of usted
    comer (to eat) + ‎-a → ‎aunque yo coma (even if I ate)
    salir (to leave) + ‎-a → ‎por favor, salga Ud. (please leave) (formal)

Etymology 4Edit

From Latin (second-person singular present active imperative ending of first conjugation verbs).

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. used to form the second-person singular imperative mood of -ar verbs
    hablar (to talk) + ‎-a → ‎¡Habla! (Talk!)
Derived termsEdit

SwedishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Swedish -a, from Old Norse -a, from Proto-Germanic *-ōną.

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. A verb-building suffix that can be added to noun or adjectives.
    disk (dishes) + ‎-a → ‎diska (do the dishes)
    mjölk (milk) + ‎-a → ‎mjölka (to milk)
    öl (beer) + ‎-a → ‎öla (to drink beer)
Usage notesEdit
  • On adjectives: Traditionally, if the noun is in the definite singular form it should not refer to a male human if it uses the suffix -a. If it refers to such a person, the suffix should instead be -e, but one should note that this rule is not universally adhered to – in particular dialects of northern Sweden do not recognize the -e suffix at all, but use -a in all instances.
ConjugationEdit
  • For weak verbs with a voiceless ending stem:
  • For weak verbs with a voiced ending stem:
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

The language noun sense originally comes from the definite adjective + tunga (tongue; language). Thus svenska (Swedish) was originally svenska tungan (the Swedish tongue)

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. (on a positive adjective) Weak (definite) singular suffix, historically feminine
  2. Transform an adjective describing a people speaking a language into the noun for that language.
    engelsk (English) + ‎-a → ‎engelska (the English language)
  3. Marker of definiteness for noun plurals ending in -n (fourth declension).
    läten (sounds) + ‎-a → ‎lätena (the sounds)

Etymology 3Edit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Create a noun from a numeral.
    tre (three) + ‎-a → ‎trea (a bronze medalist; a three-room apartment, literally a three)

TokelauanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Polynesian *-a. Cognates include Tuvaluan -a and Samoan -a.

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Creates a verb denoting an abundancy of the suffixed noun; -ful
    aiha (ice)aihā (to be icy)
    manava (belly)manavā (to be big-bellied)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Added to transitive verbs when preceded by the subject pronoun.

ReferencesEdit

  • R. Simona, editor (1986) Tokelau Dictionary[8], Auckland: Office of Tokelau Affairs, page 1

TurkishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • -ya, -ye (after a vowel)
  • -na, -ne (after a possessive, dative only)
  • -e (in words with front vowel harmony)

SuffixEdit

-a (in words with back vowel harmony)

  1. Used to form the dative case
    İstanbul + ‎-a → ‎İstanbul’a (to Istanbul)
    Ankara + ‎-a → ‎Ankara’ya (to Ankara)
    İzmir + ‎-a → ‎İzmir’e (to Izmir)
    babası + ‎-a → ‎babasına (to his father)
  2. Used to form gerunds
    yürü + ‎-a → ‎yürüye (by walking)

VolapükEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. A morpheme used to mark the genitive singular of a word (such as a noun, adjective or pronoun). It is also the most common morpheme used in creating innumerable compound words, some of which can be very long
    pledadinaselidöptoy store, toy shop
    tanoganilamedinantibiotic
    taglumaladälamedinanti-depressant
    natrinakarbatazüd telikbicarbonate of soda
    Elaf Tyrannosaurus rex älifon in taledadil, kel nu binon dil Nolüda-Meropa.
    Tyrannosaurus rex lived in an area of the earth, which is now a part of North America.
    Buks binons stumem lärnazilana (/ lärnazilanastumem / stumem lärnazilanik).
    Books are a scholar's tools.

WalloonEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Latin -āculum.

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. Forming masculine nouns from verbs and nouns, having the sense of 'tool, object for a specific purpose'.

Derived termsEdit


WelshEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • -af (colloquial first-person singular future)

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-a

  1. (literary) verb suffix for the third-person singular present indicative/future
  2. (literary) verb suffix for the second-person singular present imperative
  3. (colloquial) verb suffix for the first-person singular future
  4. (colloquial) verb suffix for the second-person singular present imperative
  5. verbal suffix denoting action, and when used with gatherable nouns (fruit, plants, firewood etc) denotes the action of gathering that thing

Derived termsEdit