From Old French applier, (French appliquer), from Latin applicō (“join, fix, or attach to”); from ad + plicō (“fold, twist together”). See applicant, ply.
apply (third-person singular simple present applies, present participle applying, simple past and past participle applied)
- (transitive) To lay or place; to put (one thing to another)
to apply cream to a rash
1697, John Dryden, Translation of Virgil's Aeneid:
He said, and to the sword his throat applied.
- (transitive) To put to use; to use or employ for a particular purpose, or in a particular case; to appropriate; to devote
to apply funds to the repayment of a debt
- (transitive) To make use of, declare, or pronounce, as suitable, fitting, or relative; as, to apply the testimony to the case
1667, John Milton, “Book X”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: Printed [by Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker […] [a]nd by Robert Boulter […] [a]nd Matthias Walker, […], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667: […], London: Basil Montagu Pickering […], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
Yet God at last To Satan, first in sin, his doom applied.
- (transitive) To fix closely; to engage and employ diligently, or with attention; to attach; to incline.
- (transitive) To betake; to address; to refer; generally used reflexively.
- (Can we date this quote by Alexander Pope and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
- sacred vows […] applied to grisly Pluto
- (Can we date this quote by Johnson and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
- I applied myself to him for help.
- (intransitive) To submit oneself as a candidate (with the adposition "to" designating the recipient of the submission, and the adposition "for" designating the position).
- I recently applied to the tavern for a job as a bartender.
- Most of the colleges she applied to were ones she thought she had a good chance of getting into.
- Many of them don't know it, but almost a third of the inmates are eligible to apply for parole or work-release programs.
- (intransitive) To pertain or be relevant to a specified individual or group.
- That rule only applies to foreigners.
- (obsolete) To busy; to keep at work; to ply.
- (Can we date this quote by Philip Sidney and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
- She was skillful in applying his humours.
- (obsolete) To visit.
- (Can we date this quote by Chapman and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
- His armour was so clear, / And he applied each place so fast, that like a lightning thrown / Out of the shield of Jupiter, in every eye he shone.
Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for apply in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)
to put to use for a purpose
to betake, address
- Arabic: please add this translation if you can
- Mandarin: please add this translation if you can
to submit oneself as a candidate
to be relevant to a specified individual
apple + -y
apply (comparative more apply, superlative most apply)
- Alternative spelling of appley