See also: Hamza


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From Arabic هَمْزَة(hamza).


hamza (plural hamzas)

  1. A sign (ء(ʾ)‎ - a stand-alone hamza) used in the written Arabic language representing a glottal stop. Hamza may appear as a stand-alone letter or most commonly diacritically over or under other letters, e.g. أ(ʾ)‎ (over an alif - ا‎‎), إ(ʾ)‎ (under an alif), ؤ(ʾ)‎ (over a wāw - و(w)‎) or ئ(ʾ)‎ (over a dotless yāʾ - ى‎‎). The exact seat of hamza is governed by an orthographic rule - "seat of hamza rule".
    • 2021, Claire Cock-Starkey, Hyphens & Hashtags, Bodleian Library, page 33:
      Written words such as Qurʼan (which in written Arabic uses a symbol know as hamza to indicate the glottal stop) are rendered with an apostrophe.

Usage notesEdit

  • Sometimes transliterated as an apostrophe.

Derived termsEdit