See also: ا [U+0627 ARABIC LETTER ALEF], ٵ [U+0675 ARABIC LETTER HIGH HAMZA ALEF], اً, ٱ [U+0671 ARABIC LETTER ALEF WASLA], آ [U+0622 ARABIC LETTER ALEF WITH MADDA ABOVE], إ [U+0625 ARABIC LETTER ALEF WITH HAMZA BELOW], and ا-

أ U+0623, أ
ARABIC LETTER ALEF WITH HAMZA ABOVE
Composition:ا [U+0627] + ◌ٔ [U+0654]
آ
[U+0622]
Arabic ؤ
[U+0624]
U+FE83, ﺃ
ARABIC LETTER ALEF WITH HAMZA ABOVE ISOLATED FORM

[U+FE82]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FE84]
U+FE84, ﺄ
ARABIC LETTER ALEF WITH HAMZA ABOVE FINAL FORM

[U+FE83]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FE85]

Arabic edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Combined with fatha:أَ⁩ :

Combined with damma:أُ⁩ :

Letter edit

أ / ‍أ (ʔ)

  1. The first letter of the Arabic alphabet is the small hamza (⁧ء⁩) that sits on top of ⁧أ⁩, and the tall column is its bearer. The composite letter is called ⁧أَلِف(ʔalif) and the hamza represents a glottal stop (/ʔ/). (See also ⁧ا⁩.) It is followed by ⁧ب(b).

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From former ⁧هَـ(ha-), from Proto-Semitic *ha. Cognate to Hebrewהֲ־(hă-).

Particle edit

أَ (ʔa-)

  1. introduces a positive yes-no question
    Synonym:هَل(hal)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 96:9-12:
      أَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي يَنْهَىٰ (9) عَبْدًا إِذَا صَلَّىٰ (10) أَرَأَيْتَ إِن كَانَ عَلَى الْهُدَىٰ (11) أَوْ أَمَرَ بِالتَّقْوَىٰ (12)
      ʔaraʔayta allaḏī yanhā (9) ʕabdan ʔiḏā ṣallā (10) ʔaraʔayta ʔin kāna ʕalā l-hudā (11) ʔaw ʔamara bi-t-taqwā (12)
      9 Hast thou seen the one who scoldeth 10 this worshipper when he prayeth? 11 Hast thou looked at whether he is rightly guided, 12 or whether he preacheth righteousness?
  2. introduces a negative yes-no question
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 89:6-8:
      أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ فَعَلَ رَبُّكَ بِعَادٍ (6) إِرَمَ ذَاتِ الْعِمَادِ (7) الَّتِي لَمْ يُخْلَقْ مِثْلُهَا فِي الْبِلَادِ (8)
      ʔalam tara kayfa faʕala rabbuka biʕādin (6) ʔirama ḏāti l-ʕimādi (7) allatī lam yuḵlaq miṯluhā fī l-bilādi (8)
      6 Hast thou not seen what thy Lord did to ʿĀd? 7 ʾIram, with its pillars, 8 the like of which had never been created before!
  3. indicates an exclusive disjunction with ⁧أَمْ(ʔam, or), as in alternative questions
    Synonym: (sometimes proscribed)هَل(hal)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 21:109:
      وَإِنْ أَدْرِي أَقَرِيبٌ أَم بَعِيدٌ مَّا تُوعَدُونَ
      wa-ʔin ʔadrī ʔa-qarībun ʔam baʕīdun mmā tūʕadūna
      I know not whether nigh or far is that which ye are promised.
  4. indicates an inclusive disjunction with ⁧أَمْ(ʔam, or) that denotes sameness, indistinguishability, unimportance, insignificance, or indifference
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 63:6:
      سَوَاءٌ عَلَيْهِمْ أَسْتَغْفَرْتَ لَهُمْ أَمْ لَمْ تَسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ لَن يَغْفِرَ ٱللّٰهُ لَهُمْ
      sawāʔun ʕalayhim ʔa-staḡfarta lahum ʔam lam tastaḡfir lahum lan yaḡfira llāhu lahum
      It is the same whether thou prayest for their forgiveness or not: Allah will not forgive them.
Usage notes edit
  • Unlike ⁧هَلْ(hal), ⁧أَ(ʔa) precedes ⁧وَ(wa), ⁧فَـ(fa-), and ⁧ثُمَّ(ṯumma):
    609–632 CE, Qur'an, 23:115:
    أَفَحَسِبْتُمْ أَنَّمَا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ عَبَثًا وَأَنَّكُمْ إِلَيْنَا لَا تُرْجَعُونَ
    ʔa-fa-ḥasibtum ʔannamā ḵalaqnākum ʕabaṯan wa-ʔannakum ʔilaynā lā turjaʕūna
    Then did ye think that We created you uselessly and that to Us ye would not be returned?
Alternative forms edit
  • آ(ʔā)used before ⁧اَلْ(al-)

References edit

  • Tropper, Josef (2003), “Sekundäres wortanlautendes Alif im Arabischen”, in Kogan, Leonid, editor, Studia Semitica (Orientalia: Papers of the Oriental Institute; III), Moscow, →ISBN, page 200

Kashmiri edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /amaːlɨ/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ə/

Letter edit

أ () (Devanagari , Devanagari )

  1. a vowel of Kashmiri.

Forms edit

The vowel ⁧أ⁩ in its initial form is ⁧أ⁩ , middle form ⁧ٔ⁩ and final form ⁧ٔ

See also edit

  • Previous vowel: ⁧آ(ā)
  • Next vowel : ⁧ٲ(ạ̄)
  • Vowel sign : ⁧ٔ⁩ (ạ)

Khowar edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /həmza alif/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /a/

Letter edit

أ⁩ (hamzā ālif)

  1. The second other alif letter of the Khowar abjad.

Forms edit

Isolated form Final form
أ ـأ

See also edit

  • Previous letter: ⁧
  • Next letter: ⁧ب

Kyrgyz edit

Letter edit

أ

  1. The first letter of the Kyrgyz alphabet.

See also edit

Malay edit

Letter edit

أ

  1. The first letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Arabic script.

See also edit

  • (Arabic script letters) ⁧ا⁩,‎ ⁧ب⁩,‎ ⁧ت⁩,‎ ⁧ة⁩,‎ ⁧ث⁩,‎ ⁧ج⁩,‎ ⁧چ⁩,‎ ⁧ح⁩,‎ ⁧خ⁩,‎ ⁧د⁩,‎ ⁧ذ⁩,‎ ⁧ر⁩,‎ ⁧ز⁩,‎ ⁧س⁩,‎ ⁧ش⁩,‎ ⁧ص⁩,‎ ⁧ض⁩,‎ ⁧ط⁩,‎ ⁧ظ⁩,‎ ⁧ع⁩,‎ ⁧غ⁩,‎ ⁧ڠ⁩,‎ ⁧ف⁩,‎ ⁧ڤ⁩,‎ ⁧ق⁩,‎ ⁧ک⁩,‎ ⁧ݢ⁩,‎ ⁧ل⁩,‎ ⁧م⁩,‎ ⁧ن⁩,‎ ⁧و⁩,‎ ⁧ۏ⁩,‎ ⁧ه⁩,‎ ⁧ء⁩,‎ ⁧ي⁩,‎ ⁧ى⁩,‎ ⁧ڽ[edit]

Persian edit

Letter edit

أ (alef)

  1. The first letter of the Persian alphabet.

See also edit

Ushojo edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /həmza alif/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /á/

Letter edit

أ⁩ (hamza alif)

  1. The second letter of the Ushojo abjad.

See also edit

  • Previous letter: ⁧آ
  • Next letter: ⁧ا