See also: ا[U+0627 ARABIC LETTER ALEF], اً‎, ٱ[U+0671 ARABIC LETTER ALEF WASLA], آ[U+0622 ARABIC LETTER ALEF WITH MADDA ABOVE], إ[U+0625 ARABIC LETTER ALEF WITH HAMZA BELOW], and ا-
أ U+0623, أ
ARABIC LETTER ALEF WITH HAMZA ABOVE
Composition:ا [U+0627] + ◌ٔ [U+0654]
آ
[U+0622]
Arabic ؤ
[U+0624]
U+FE83, ﺃ
ARABIC LETTER ALEF WITH HAMZA ABOVE ISOLATED FORM

[U+FE82]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FE84]
U+FE84, ﺄ
ARABIC LETTER ALEF WITH HAMZA ABOVE FINAL FORM

[U+FE83]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FE85]

ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

Combined with fatha: أَ : /ʔa/

Combined with damma: أُ : /ʔu/

LetterEdit

أ / ‍أ (ʾ)

  1. The first letter of the Arabic alphabet is the small hamza (ء‎) that sits on top of أ‎, and the tall column is its bearer. The composite letter is called أَلِف(ʾalif) and the hamza represents a glottal stop (/ʔ/). (See also ا‎.) It is followed by ب(b).

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From former هَـ(ha-), from Proto-Semitic *ha. Cognate to Hebrew הֲ־(hă-).

ParticleEdit

أَ (ʾa-)

  1. Initial interrogative particle that indicates a yes-or-no question. It’s written together with the following word as all one letter words. Often used in the negative, e.g. أَلَا(ʾa-lā, isn't, doesn't), أَلَيْسَ(ʾa-laysa, isn't, doesn't).
  2. Initial interrogative particle that introduces a choice question.
    1. (in indirect questions) whether
      • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 21:109:
        وَإِنْ أَدْرِي أَقَرِيبٌ أَم بَعِيدٌ مَّا تُوعَدُونَ
        waʾin ʾadrī ʾaqarībun ʾam baʿīdun mmā tūʿadūna
        I know not whether nigh or far is that which ye are promised.

Alternative formsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Unlike هَلْ(hal), أَ(ʾa) precedes وَ(wa), فَـ(fa-), and ثُمَّ(ṯumma):
    أَفَحَسِبْتُمْ أَنَّمَا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ عَبَثًا وَأَنَّكُمْ إِلَيْنَا لَا تُرْجَعُونَ
    ʾafaḥasibtum ʾannamā ḵalaqnākum ʿabaṯan waʾannakum ʾilaynā lā turjaʿūna
    Qur'an 23:115

ReferencesEdit

  • Tropper, Josef (2003), “Sekundäres wortanlautendes Alif im Arabischen”, in Kogan, Leonid, editor, Studia Semitica (Orientalia: Papers of the Oriental Institute; III), Moscow, →ISBN, page 200

KhowarEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /həmza alif/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /a/

LetterEdit

أ (hamzā ālif)

  1. The second other alif letter of the Khowar abjad.

FormsEdit

Isolated form Final form
أ ـأ

See alsoEdit

  • Previous letter:
  • Next letter: ب

KyrgyzEdit

LetterEdit

أ (أ)

  1. The first letter of the Kyrgyz alphabet.

See alsoEdit


MalayEdit

LetterEdit

أ

  1. The first letter of the malay alphabet, written in the arabic script.

See alsoEdit


PersianEdit

LetterEdit

أ (alef)

  1. The first letter of the Persian alphabet.

See alsoEdit


PunjabiEdit

LetterEdit

أ (أ)

  1. The first letter of the Punjabi alphabet, written in the arabic script.

See alsoEdit

Similar to Urdu alphabet