BasqueEdit

Basque numbers (edit)
30
 ←  2 3 4  → 
    Cardinal: hiru
    Ordinal: hirugarren
    Multiplier: hirukoitz
    Fractional: heren

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Possibly from Proto-Basque *(h)iluŕ (three). Often compared with Iberian ilun (three).[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): (Southern) /iɾu/, [i.ɾu]
  • IPA(key): (Northern) /hiɾu/, [ɦi.ɾu]
  • (file)

NumeralEdit

hiru

  1. three

Usage notesEdit

The declension of the plural forms changes when used as a pronoun. This is not currently reflected in the table below.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of hiru (numeral, ending in vowel)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive hiru hirua hiruak
ergative hiruk hiruak hiruek
dative hiruri hiruari hiruei
genitive hiruren hiruaren hiruen
comitative hirurekin hiruarekin hiruekin
causative hirurengatik hiruarengatik hiruengatik
benefactive hirurentzat hiruarentzat hiruentzat
instrumental hiruz hiruaz hiruez
inessive anim. hirurengan hiruarengan hiruengan
inanim. hirutan hiruan hiruetan
locative anim.
inanim. hirutako hiruko hiruetako
allative anim. hirurengana hiruarengana hiruengana
inanim. hirutara hirura hiruetara
terminative anim. hirurenganaino hiruarenganaino hiruenganaino
inanim. hirutaraino hiruraino hiruetaraino
directive anim. hirurenganantz hiruarenganantz hiruenganantz
inanim. hirutarantz hirurantz hiruetarantz
destinative anim. hirurenganako hiruarenganako hiruenganako
inanim. hirutarako hirurako hiruetarako
ablative anim. hirurengandik hiruarengandik hiruengandik
inanim. hirutatik hirutik hiruetatik
partitive hirurik
prolative hirutzat

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Orduña A., Eduardo (2011), “Los numerales ibéricos y el protovasco [Iberian numerals and Proto-Basque]”, in Veleia[1] (in Spanish), volume 28, pages 125–139

Further readingEdit

  • hiru” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia [General Basque Dictionary], euskaltzaindia.eus
  • "hiru" in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia [Dictionary of the Basque Academy], euskaltzaindia.eus
  • hiru” in Etymological Dictionary of Basque by R. L. Trask, sussex.ac.uk

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

hiru

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ひる
  2. Rōmaji transcription of ヒル