See also: Lau, lầu, lâu, laŭ, lẩu, la'u, and łá’ȕ

AromanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin lavō. Compare Romanian la, lau.

VerbEdit

lau (third-person singular present indicative la, past participle latã)

  1. I wash.
  2. (reflexive, mi-lau) I wash myself.

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


BasqueEdit

Basque numbers (edit)
40
 ←  3 4 5  → 
    Cardinal: lau
    Ordinal: laugarren
    Multiplier: laukoitz
    Fractional: laurden

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /lau̯/, [lau̯]
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Basque *lanu, from Latin plānum.

AdjectiveEdit

lau (comparative lauago, superlative lauen, excessive lauegi)

  1. flat, level
  2. plain, simple
DeclensionEdit
Declension of lau (adjective, ending in vowel)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive lau laua lauak
ergative lauk lauak lauek
dative lauri lauari lauei
genitive lauren lauaren lauen
comitative laurekin lauarekin lauekin
causative laurengatik lauarengatik lauengatik
benefactive laurentzat lauarentzat lauentzat
instrumental lauz lauaz lauez
inessive anim. laurengan lauarengan lauengan
inanim. lautan lauan lauetan
locative anim.
inanim. lautako lauko lauetako
allative anim. laurengana lauarengana lauengana
inanim. lautara laura lauetara
terminative anim. laurenganaino lauarenganaino lauenganaino
inanim. lautaraino lauraino lauetaraino
directive anim. laurenganantz lauarenganantz lauenganantz
inanim. lautarantz laurantz lauetarantz
destinative anim. laurenganako lauarenganako lauenganako
inanim. lautarako laurako lauetarako
ablative anim. laurengandik lauarengandik lauengandik
inanim. lautatik lautik lauetatik
partitive laurik
prolative lautzat

AdverbEdit

lau (comparative lauago, superlative lauen, excessive lauegi)

  1. simply

NounEdit

lau inan

  1. plain (an open, grassy, mostly treeless land)
DeclensionEdit
Declension of lau (inanimate, ending in vowel)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive lau laua lauak
ergative lauk lauak lauek
dative lauri lauari lauei
genitive lauren lauaren lauen
comitative laurekin lauarekin lauekin
causative laurengatik lauarengatik lauengatik
benefactive laurentzat lauarentzat lauentzat
instrumental lauz lauaz lauez
inessive lautan lauan lauetan
locative lautako lauko lauetako
allative lautara laura lauetara
terminative lautaraino lauraino lauetaraino
directive lautarantz laurantz lauetarantz
destinative lautarako laurako lauetarako
ablative lautatik lautik lauetatik
partitive laurik
prolative lautzat

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Basque *laur (four). Often compared with Iberian lau(r) (four) and Aquitanian *laur-, present in numerous compounds, such as *laurco, *laurina and in the toponym *Laureiereta (Four Mills).[1][2][3] Possibly related to labur.

NumeralEdit

lau

  1. four
Usage notesEdit

The declension of the plural forms changes when used as a pronoun. This is not currently reflected in the table below.

DeclensionEdit
Declension of lau (numeral, ending in vowel)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive lau laua lauak
ergative lauk lauak lauek
dative lauri lauari lauei
genitive lauren lauaren lauen
comitative laurekin lauarekin lauekin
causative laurengatik lauarengatik lauengatik
benefactive laurentzat lauarentzat lauentzat
instrumental lauz lauaz lauez
inessive anim. laurengan lauarengan lauengan
inanim. lautan lauan lauetan
locative anim.
inanim. lautako lauko lauetako
allative anim. laurengana lauarengana lauengana
inanim. lautara laura lauetara
terminative anim. laurenganaino lauarenganaino lauenganaino
inanim. lautaraino lauraino lauetaraino
directive anim. laurenganantz lauarenganantz lauenganantz
inanim. lautarantz laurantz lauetarantz
destinative anim. laurenganako lauarenganako lauenganako
inanim. lautarako laurako lauetarako
ablative anim. laurengandik lauarengandik lauengandik
inanim. lautatik lautik lauetatik
partitive laurik
prolative lautzat

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Orduña A., Eduardo (2011), “Los numerales ibéricos y el protovasco [Iberian numerals and Proto-Basque]”, in Veleia[1] (in Spanish), volume 28, pages 125–139
  2. ^ lau” in Etymological Dictionary of Basque by R. L. Trask, sussex.ac.uk
  3. ^ Mitxelena, Koldo L. (1961) Fonética histórica vasca [Basque Historical Phonetics] (Obras completas de Luis Michelena; 1) (in Spanish), Diputación Foral de Guipuzkoa, published 1990, →ISBN, page 93

Further readingEdit

  • lau” in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus
  • lau” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus

EsperantoEdit

PrepositionEdit

lau

  1. H-system spelling of laŭ

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German (inflected lāwe), from Old High German lāo. Cognate with Dutch lauw. Also related with English lukewarm.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

lau (strong nominative masculine singular lauer, comparative lauer, superlative am lauesten or am lausten)

  1. Synonym of lauwarm (lukewarm, tepid)
  2. (often of wind or the night) mild; especially in the sense that it is pleasantly cool after a period of heat
    Synonym: mild
    Es war eine laue Sommernacht.It was a mild summer night. [i.e. one that is warm, but bringing welcome cooling after a hot day]
  3. cushy, easy
    ein lauer Joba cushy job

Derived termsEdit

sich einen lauen Lenz machento get on a gravy train, to ride the gravy train

Further readingEdit

  • lau” in Duden online
  • lau” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

HawaiianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈlau̯/, [ˈlɐw]
  • (rapid speech) IPA(key): [ˈlɔw]

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Eastern Polynesian *lau, from Proto-Polynesian *rau, from Proto-Central Pacific *rau, from Proto-Oceanic *raun, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *raun, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *daun, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *dahun (leaf).

NounEdit

lau

  1. leaf

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Polynesian *rau (hundred).

VerbEdit

lau

  1. (stative) many, numerous

NumeralEdit

lau

  1. four hundred

ReferencesEdit

  • “lau” in the Hawaiian Dictionary, Revised and Enlarged Edition, University of Hawaii Press, 1986

Hiri MotuEdit

PronounEdit

lau

  1. 1st-person singular pronoun: I, me

See alsoEdit


Kalo Finnish RomaniEdit

NounEdit

lau m (genitive laavesko, nominative plural laave, genitive plural laavengo)

  1. word
  2. talk

Derived termsEdit


Karo BatakEdit

NounEdit

lau

  1. water

ReferencesEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

lau

  1. Alternative form of lawe

North FrisianEdit

NounEdit

lau

  1. lion

SynonymsEdit


Old WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Brythonic *llọβ̃, from Proto-Celtic *ɸlāmā, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₂meh₂ (palm, hand).

NounEdit

lau f

  1. hand

DescendantsEdit

  • Welsh: llaw

Rapa NuiEdit

AdjectiveEdit

lau

  1. wide

RomanianEdit

VerbEdit

lau

  1. inflection of la:
    1. first-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. third-person plural present/imperfect indicative

SamoanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Polynesian *rau (compare Maori rau), from Proto-Oceanic, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *dahun (compare Malay daun).

NounEdit

lau

  1. leaf

NumeralEdit

lau

  1. hundred

Derived termsEdit


Tocharian BEdit

AdverbEdit

lau

  1. away
    ṣañ wrat lau tärkanacer
    You are going to let your vow away. (literally)
    You are going to break your vow.

VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Vietic *k-luː, cognate with Arem alaw.

NounEdit

(classifier cây) lau (𣓿, 𦰤)

  1. reed, arundinaceous cane

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

lau

  1. to clean by wiping or rubbing with a wet cloth
Derived termsEdit
Derived terms
See alsoEdit

WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lau

  1. Soft mutation of llau (lice).

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
llau lau unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.