Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈhuːdləm/, /ˈhʊdləm/
  • Hyphenation: hood‧lum

EtymologyEdit

[1]The earliest reference to the word hoodlum is in the December 15, 1866 Daily Alta California.

Attested since 1871. Many sources have been proposed, but none are certain. The Online Etymology Dictionary suggests that it may derive from Bavarian Haddalump(ragamuffin).

According to Herbert Asbury's book The Barbary Coast: An Informal History of the San Francisco Underworld (1933, A. A. Knopf, New York), the word originated in San Francisco from a particular street gang's call to unemployed Irishmen to "huddle 'em" (to beat up Chinese migrants), after which San Francisco newspapers took to calling street gangs "hoodlums".

NounEdit

hoodlum ‎(plural hoodlums)

  1. a gangster; a hired thug
  2. a rough or violent youth

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Hoodlum Gang"

External linksEdit

  • “Frederick Bee History Project”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[1], accessed October 4, 2014