See also: Hood, -hood, and 'hood


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Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English hood, hod, from Old English hōd, from Proto-Germanic *hōdaz (cognate with Saterland Frisian Houd, West Frisian/Dutch hoed, German Low German Hood, German Hut). Cognate with Proto-Iranian *xawdaH (hat) (compare Avestan 𐬑𐬂𐬛𐬀(xåda), Old Persian 𐎧𐎢𐎭 (x-u-d /xaudā/)), from Proto-Indo-European *kadʰ- (to cover). More at hat.


hood (plural hoods)

  1. A covering for the head attached to a larger garment such as a jacket or cloak.
  2. A distinctively coloured fold of material, representing a university degree.
  3. An enclosure that protects something, especially from above.
  4. (automotive, chiefly Britain) A soft top of a convertible car or carriage.
  5. (automotive, chiefly US, Canada) The hinged cover over the engine of a motor vehicle, known as a bonnet in other countries.
  6. (by extension, especially in the phrase "under the hood") A cover over the engine, driving machinery or inner workings of something.
    • 2004, D. Michael Abrashoff, Get Your Ship Together: How Great Leaders Inspire Ownership From The Keel Up, Penguin (→ISBN):
      Like many captains, I was just as glad to leave engineering to the engineers. Looking under the ship's hood wasn't what interested me.
    • 2015, Max Lucado, Let the Journey Begin: Finding God's Best for Your Life, Thomas Nelson (→ISBN), page 71:
      I never see the pilot percolating coffee or the attendant with a screwdriver under the airplane's hood. Why? Because we all have something we are good at, and we are expected to do that one thing well.
  7. A metal covering that leads to a vent to suck away smoke or fumes.
  8. (nautical) One of the endmost planks (or, one of the ends of the planks) in a ship’s bottom at bow or stern, that fits into the rabbet. (These, when fit into the rabbet, resemble a hood (covering).)
    • 1830, A Treatise on Marine Architecture, page 260:
      Care must also be taken to place the tenons on the main post so that a stop-water can be driven between it and the fore tenon and the rabbet of the hoods at the keel. The post being dressed to its proper dimensions, the tenons cut, and their ...
    • 1874, Samuel James P. Thearle, Naval architecture: a treatise on laying off and building wood, iron, and composite ships. [With] Plates, page 360:
      The fore hoods end at a rabbet cut in the wood stem (see Plate CXVIII.), and the after hoods end at a rabbet prepared in the yellow metal body post. The fore hoods are fastened to the bottom plating as elsewhere; but in the stem they have  ...
    • 1940, Lauchlan McKay, Richard Cornelius McKay, The Practical hip-builder, page 62:
      But for deep and narrow vessels you must line your hooden-ends wider to get up faster, and consequently the lower ends of the after-hoods will come round, []
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit


hood (third-person singular simple present hoods, present participle hooding, simple past and past participle hooded)

  1. To cover something with a hood.
    Antonym: unhood
Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • 2004, George Fletcher Bass, Serçe Limanı: An Eleventh-century Shipwreck, Texas A&M University Press (→ISBN), page 516:
    Hooding ends [Hoods, Hood ends] The ends of planks that fit into the stem and sternpost rabbets.

Etymology 2Edit

Clipping of hoodlum.


hood (plural hoods)

  1. (slang) Gangster, thug.
    • 1968, John McPhee, The Pine Barrens, Chapter 7
      Teen-age hoods steal cars in cities, take them into the pines, strip them, ignite them, and leave the scene.

Etymology 3Edit

Clipping of neighborhood; compare nabe.

Alternative formsEdit


hood (not comparable)

  1. Relating to inner-city everyday life, both positive and negative aspects; especially people’s attachment to and love for their neighborhoods.


hood (plural hoods)

  1. (African American Vernacular English, slang) Neighborhood.
    • 1996, “Stakes is High”, in Stakes Is High, performed by De La Soul:
      Neighborhoods are now hoods cause nobody's neighbors / Just animals surviving with that animal behavior
    What’s goin’ down in the hood?
Usage notesEdit

Particularly used for poor US inner-city black neighborhoods. Also used more generally, as a casual neutral term for “neighborhood”, but marked by strong associations.


Etymology 4Edit

Clipping of hoodie, influenced by existing sense “hoodlum”.


hood (plural hoods)

  1. (Britain) Person wearing a hoodie.




hood (emphatic form hoods)

  1. (informal) second-person singular of hug
    to you

Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Old English hōd, from Proto-Germanic *hōdaz.



hood (plural hoodes)

  1. hood (part of a garment):
    1. A hood as a symbol of rank (of the church and of guilds).
    2. A hood made of chain mail used as head armour.
  2. (rare, Late Middle English) Any sort of protective cloaking or covering.

Derived termsEdit


  • English: hood
  • Scots: hude, huid


North FrisianEdit


From Old Frisian hâved.


hood n (plural hööd)

  1. (Föhr-Amrum) (anatomy) head
    at hood sködle
    to shake one's head