See also: hórreo



From Proto-Italic *horzēō, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰr̥s-éh₁-(ye)-ti, from *ǵʰers- (to bristle). Cognate with hīrtus, eris (hedgehog), Welsh garw (rough), Sanskrit हृष्यति (hṛṣyati, become erect or stiff or rigid; be glad), हर्षयति (harṣayati, to excite), Avestan 𐬰𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬱𐬌𐬌𐬀𐬨𐬥𐬀(zarəšiiamna, excited).



horreō (present infinitive horrēre, perfect active horruī); second conjugation, no supine stem, limited passive

  1. I stand erect, stand on end.
  2. I tremble, shiver.
  3. I dread, am afraid of.
  4. I am frightful.


   Conjugation of horreō (second conjugation, no supine stem, only third-person forms in passive)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present horreō horrēs horret horrēmus horrētis horrent
imperfect horrēbam horrēbās horrēbat horrēbāmus horrēbātis horrēbant
future horrēbō horrēbis horrēbit horrēbimus horrēbitis horrēbunt
perfect horruī horruistī horruit horruimus horruistis horruērunt, horruēre
pluperfect horrueram horruerās horruerat horruerāmus horruerātis horruerant
future perfect horruerō horrueris horruerit horruerimus horrueritis horruerint
passive present horrētur horrentur
imperfect horrēbātur horrēbantur
future horrēbitur horrēbuntur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present horream horreās horreat horreāmus horreātis horreant
imperfect horrērem horrērēs horrēret horrērēmus horrērētis horrērent
perfect horruerim horruerīs horruerit horruerīmus horruerītis horruerint
pluperfect horruissem horruissēs horruisset horruissēmus horruissētis horruissent
passive present horreātur horreantur
imperfect horrērētur horrērentur
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present horrē horrēte
future horrētō horrētō horrētōte horrentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives horrēre horruisse horrērī
participles horrēns horrendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
horrendī horrendō horrendum horrendō

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


  • Albanian: urrej, urroj
  • Aromanian: urãscu, urãri
  • Romanian: urî
  • Spanish: horrer



  1. dative singular of horreum
  2. ablative singular of horreum


  • horreo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • horreo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • horreo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • his hair stands on end: capilli horrent
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 290