See also: humānus

Latin

edit

Etymology

edit

Derivative of homō (man, human, person), with unclear vowel mutations.

Pronunciation

edit

Adjective

edit

hūmānus (feminine hūmāna, neuter hūmānum, comparative hūmānior, superlative hūmānissimus, adverb hūmānē or hūmāniter); first/second-declension adjective

  1. human (of man, people)
  2. humane
  3. cultured, refined

Declension

edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative hūmānus hūmāna hūmānum hūmānī hūmānae hūmāna
Genitive hūmānī hūmānae hūmānī hūmānōrum hūmānārum hūmānōrum
Dative hūmānō hūmānō hūmānīs
Accusative hūmānum hūmānam hūmānum hūmānōs hūmānās hūmāna
Ablative hūmānō hūmānā hūmānō hūmānīs
Vocative hūmāne hūmāna hūmānum hūmānī hūmānae hūmāna

Derived terms

edit

Descendants

edit
  • Asturian: humanu
  • Catalan: humà
  • Dutch: humaan
  • Old French: humain
  • Galician: humano
  • Italian: umano
  • Ladin: uman
  • Occitan: uman
  • Piedmontese: uman
  • Portuguese: humano
  • Romanian: uman
  • Romansch: uman
  • Spanish: humano

Noun

edit

hūmānus m (genitive hūmānī); second declension

  1. (usually in the plural) a human, mortal

Declension

edit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative hūmānus hūmānī
Genitive hūmānī hūmānōrum
Dative hūmānō hūmānīs
Accusative hūmānum hūmānōs
Ablative hūmānō hūmānīs
Vocative hūmāne hūmānī

References

edit
  • humanus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • humanus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • humanus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • human life: res humanae or simply res
    • that is the way of the world; such is life: haec est rerum humanarum condicio
    • to despise earthly things: res externas or humanas despicere
    • to feel superior to the affairs of life: res humanas infra se positas arbitrari
    • to civilise men, a nation: homines, gentem a fera agrestique vita ad humanum cultum civilemque deducere (De Or. 1. 8. 33)
    • heavenly things; earthly things: supera et caelestia; humana et citerioria
  • humanus in Ramminger, Johann (2016 July 16 (last accessed)) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag