LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *jekʷor (oblique stem *jekʷen-), from Proto-Indo-European *Hyékʷr̥. Cognates include Ancient Greek ἧπαρ (hêpar), Sanskrit यकृत् (yákṛt), Persian جگر(jegar), Old Armenian լեարդ (leard).

The expected inherited paradigm would be iecur ~ *iecinis, but the attestations show a regularized declension iecur ~ iecoris and a hybrid iecur ~ iecinoris. Compare fēmur with similar development.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

iecur n (genitive iecinoris or iecoris); third declension

  1. (anatomy) liver
  2. the seat of the soul
  3. the seat of the passions and affections

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem; two different stems).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative iecur iecinora
iecora
Genitive iecinoris
iecoris
iecinorum
iecorum
Dative iecinorī
iecorī
iecinoribus
iecoribus
Accusative iecur iecinora
iecora
Ablative iecinore
iecore
iecinoribus
iecoribus
Vocative iecur iecinora
iecora

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit