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SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hyákr̥, from Proto-Indo-European *Hyékʷr̥ (liver). Cognate with Avestan 𐬫𐬁𐬐𐬀𐬭𐬆 (yākarə), Persian جگر (jegar), Latin iecur, Ancient Greek ἧπαρ (hêpar), Old Armenian լեարդ (leard).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

यकृत् (yákṛtn

  1. the liver
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 10.163.3
      यक्ष्मं मतस्नाभ्यां यक्नः प्लाशिभ्यो वि वृहामि ते ॥
      yakṣmaṃ matasnābhyāṃ yaknaḥ plāśibhyo vi vṛhāmi te .
      From kidneys, liver, and from the spleen, I drive thy malady away.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of यकृत्
Nom. sg. यकृत् (yakṛt)
Gen. sg. यक्नः (yaknaḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative यकृत् (yakṛt)
Vocative
Accusative यकृत् (yakṛt)
Instrumental यक्ना (yaknā)
Dative
Ablative यक्नः/यकृतः (yaknaḥ/yakṛtaḥ)
Genitive यक्नः (yaknaḥ)
Locative यकृति (yakṛti)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 838