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KikuyuEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Bantu *-kádā.[1]

Hinde (1904) records makarra as an equivalent of English charcoal in “Jogowini dialect” of Kikuyu, listing also Kamba makaa and Swahili makaa ya miti as its equivalent.[2]

PronunciationEdit

As for Tonal Class, Benson (1964) classifies this term into Class 3 with a disyllabic stem, together with kĩhaato, mbembe, kiugo, and so on.

NounEdit

ikara class 5 (plural makara)

  1. (chiefly in plural) charcoal

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

ikara (infinitive gũikara)

  1. to sit[4][5]
  2. to stay, to remain[4][6]
  3. to dwell[4]
Derived termsEdit

(Nouns)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Clements, George N. and Kevin C. Ford (1979). "Kikuyu Tone Shift and Its Synchronic Consequences", p. 187. In Linguistic Inquiry, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 179–210.
  2. ^ Hinde, Hildegarde (1904). Vocabularies of the Kamba and Kikuyu languages of East Africa, pp. 12–13. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  3. ^ Yukawa, Yasutoshi (1981). "A Tentative Tonal Analysis of Kikuyu Nouns: A Study of Limuru Dialect." In Journal of Asian and African Studies, No. 22, 75–123.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Armstrong, Lilias E. (1940). The Phonetic and Tonal Structure of Kikuyu, p. 361. Rep. 1967. (Also in 2018 by Routledge).
  5. ^ Barlow, A. Ruffell (1960). Studies in Kikuyu Grammar and Idiom, pp. 45, 204.
  6. ^ Barlow, op. cit., p. 34.