From incubō ; cf. also accumbō, concumbō, decumbō, succumbō.
incumbō (present infinitive incumbere, perfect active incumbuī); third conjugation, no passive
- I lay oneself upon; I lean or recline on something.
- I press down on, fall upon (e.g. one's sword)
- Ferro incumbere.
- Gladio incumbere.
- In gladium incumbere.
- To fall on his sword.
- Constructed with in ("in"), ad ("to", "towards", "on"), super ("upon") or the dative, also with the accusative.
- Incumbere in parietem.
- To lean on a wall.
- incumbo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- incumbo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- incumbo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
- Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
- to be energetic about, throw one's heart into a thing: incumbere in (ad) aliquid
- to devote one's every thought to the state's welfare: in rem publicam omni cogitatione curaque incumbere (Fam. 10. 1. 2)
- to carry on a war energetically: omni studio in (ad) bellum incumbere