English edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From super- (prefix), from Middle English super-, from Latin super-, from super (above). Doublet of over and hyper.

Adjective edit

super (not comparable)

  1. Of excellent quality, superfine.
  2. better than average, better than usual; wonderful.
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit
Translations edit

Adverb edit

super (not comparable)

  1. (informal) Very; extremely (used like the prefix super-).
    The party was super awesome.
    • 1992 March 14, The Canberra Times, page 9, column 2:
      The job is super interesting for a person who enjoys a hardware environment and communicating with people.
    • 2022 November 18, Ryan Mac, Mike Isaac, Kellen Browning, quoting Elon Musk, “Elon Musk’s Twitter Teeters on the Edge After Another 1,200 Leave”, in The New York Times[1], →ISSN:
      “The best people are staying, so I’m not super worried,” he tweeted.

Etymology 2 edit

Abbreviation by shortening.

Noun edit

super (plural supers)

  1. (Australia, New Zealand, informal) Short for superannuation.
    Jane looked forward to collecting a large super payout when she retired.
  2. Short for supercomputer.
    • 1989, Kai Hwang, Doug DeGroot, Parallel processing for supercomputers and artificial intelligence:
      The performances and cost ranges of three classes of commercial supercomputers are given in Table 2.1. The full-scale supers are the most expensive class, represented by Cray, ETA, and Fujitsu systems, for example.
  3. (comics, slang) Short for superhero.
  4. (beekeeping) Short for superhive.
    • 1983, Sue Hubbell, A Country Year: Living the Questions, Boston, MA: Mariner Books, published 1999, →ISBN, page 69:
      There may be thirty to fifty supers in every outyard, and we have only about half an hour to get them off the hives, stacked and covered before the bees get really cross about what we are doing.
  5. (informal, US) Short for superintendent, especially, a building's resident manager (sometimes clarified as “building super”).
  6. (neologism) Short for supernaturalist, especially as distinguished from bright.
  7. Short for supernumerary; (theater) specifically, a supernumerary actor.
    • 1904–1905, Baroness Orczy [i.e., Emma Orczy], “The Affair at the Novelty Theatre”, in The Case of Miss Elliott, London: T[homas] Fisher Unwin, published 1905, →OCLC; republished as popular edition, London: Greening & Co., 1909, OCLC 11192831, quoted in The Case of Miss Elliott (ebook no. 2000141h.html), Australia: Project Gutenberg of Australia, February 2020:
      For this scene, a large number of supers are engaged, and in order to further swell the crowd, practically all the available stage hands have to ‘walk on’ dressed in various coloured dominoes, and all wearing masks.
    • 1916, Ring W. Lardner, “Three Kings and a Pair”, in The Saturday Evening Post[2]:
      The piece was gave by a bunch o’ supers the time I went. I’d like to see it with a real cast. They say it’s a whiz when it’s acted right.
  8. Short for supertanker.
    • 1973, Jeffrey Potter, Disaster by Oil, page 46:
      That is a lot of ship, about the size of big tankers before they grew so rapidly to become supers, mammoths and oilbergs.
  9. Short for supervisor.

Verb edit

super (third-person singular simple present supers, present participle supering, simple past and past participle supered)

  1. (beekeeping) Short for superhive.
    • 1917 Dadant, C. P., First Lessons in Beekeeping; revised & rewritten edition, 1968, by M. G. Dadant and J. C. Dadant, p 73:
      The question is: when is the best time to super?
  2. (television) Short for superimpose.
    • 1987, Television Quarterly, volumes 23-24:
      Even running a supered "Re-enactment" caption for a few seconds is poor policy, he feels []

Anagrams edit

Chinese edit

Etymology 1 edit

From English super. Popularized by Eric Tsang in the Super Trio series.

Pronunciation edit


Interjection edit

super

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) Used when a tied or draw situation occurs, or when one is suggesting a draw.

Etymology 2 edit

Clipping of English supervisor.

Pronunciation edit


Noun edit

super

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese, university slang) supervisor (of a student)
  2. (Hong Kong Cantonese) supervisor; manager

Czech edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English super, French super, from Latin super.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

super (indeclinable)

  1. (informal) super, great
    Synonym: supr
    Můj brácha si koupil super auto, to musíš vidět!
    Ten výlet byl prostě super!

Usage notes edit

  • This word is slightly more formal than supr, yet still informal.

See also edit

Interjection edit

super

  1. (informal) super
    Synonym: supr

Further reading edit

  • super in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu

Danish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed via English super from Latin super (over)

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

super (neuter super or supert, plural super or (unofficial) supre)

  1. (informal) terrific

Adverb edit

super

  1. (informal) very

Synonyms edit

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English super, ultimately from Latin super.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsy.pər/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: su‧per

Adverb edit

super

  1. (informal) very, extremely, super
    De kunststofuitvoering is wel super duur.
    The plastic version is super expensive.

Derived terms edit

Adjective edit

super (not comparable)

  1. great, super
    Die nieuwe karts zijn super.
    Those new karts are great.

Inflection edit

Inflection of super
uninflected super
inflected super
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial super
indefinite m./f. sing. super
n. sing. super
plural super
definite super
partitive supers

Related terms edit

Esperanto edit

Etymology edit

From Latin super.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

super

  1. above

Antonyms edit

French edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Latin super. Doublet of the inherited sur. See also hyper, borrowed from Ancient Greek.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

super (invariable)

  1. superb, great
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Turkish: süper

Adverb edit

super

  1. (informal) extremely, very (as an intensifier)
    Il est super beau
    he's very handsome
Synonyms edit

Interjection edit

super

  1. great, fantastic

Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Probably a borrowing from a Germanic language, from *sūpaną (to sip, sup). If so then doublet of souper.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

super

  1. (regional) to suck, to sip
Conjugation edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

German edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin super; modern usage influenced by English super.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈzuːpɐ/ (prescriptive standard)
  • IPA(key): /ˈsu(ː)pɐ/ (Austria)
  • (file)

Adjective edit

super (strong nominative masculine singular superer, not comparable)

  1. (colloquial) super, great, awesome
    Synonyms: klasse, spitze

Usage notes edit

In the standard language, super is indeclinable; it is only rarely declined in colloquial usage.

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • super” in Duden online
  • super” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Interlingua edit

Preposition edit

super

  1. about (focused on a given topic)

Italian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin super. Cf. sopra.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsu.per/
  • Rhymes: -uper
  • Hyphenation: sù‧per

Adjective edit

super (invariable)

  1. super

Noun edit

super m (invariable)

  1. the best
  2. superphosphate

Noun edit

super f (invariable)

  1. the best grade of petrol

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *super, from Proto-Indo-European *upér (over, above). Cognate to to Ancient Greek ὑπέρ (hupér, above).

The accusative is from the pre-PIE directional. The ablative is from the ablative of cause.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

super (+ accusative, ablative)

  1. (with accusative) [of place] above, on the top of, upon
    Cibus super mensam est.
    The food is on the table.
  2. (with accusative) [of place] above, beyond
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Genesis.1.2:
      terra autem erat inanis et vacua et tenebrae super faciem abyssi et spiritus Dei ferebatur super aquas
      And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
  3. (with accusative) [of measure] above, beyond, over, in addition to
  4. (with ablative) concerning, regarding

Usage notes edit

  • Used in many compound words, see super-.

Adverb edit

super (not comparable)

  1. above, on top, over
  2. upwards
  3. moreover, in addition, besides, on top of this, too, also
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 1.29:
      Hīs accēnsa super [...]
      [Juno] having been inflamed by these [things] in addition [...]
      Or, translated more plainly:
      With all of this angering her [...]
      (See: Juno (mythology).)

Quotations edit

Antonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • super”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • super”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • super in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[3], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the river is over its banks, is in flood: flumen super ripas effunditur
  • super in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[4], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Polish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English super.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

super (not comparable)

  1. (colloquial) great, excellent
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:dobry

Adverb edit

super (not comparable)

  1. (colloquial) excellently

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • super in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • super in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from Latin super; cf. also English super. Doublet of the inherited sobre.

Adverb edit

super (not comparable)

  1. (informal) super, very (intensifier)
    Synonyms: muito, bastante, bué, mega
    super fixe
    very nice

Adjective edit

super (invariable)

  1. super

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French super.

Adjective edit

super m or f or n (indeclinable)

  1. superb, great

Declension edit

Adverb edit

super

  1. superbly

Sardinian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin super.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

super

  1. on, on top of, above
    Synonym: supra

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin super; cf. also English super. Doublet of the inherited sobre.

Adjective edit

super (invariable)

  1. (intensifier) very, mega

Swedish edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

super

  1. present indicative of supa

Adjective edit

super (not comparable)

  1. perfect, super, excellent, great
    det blir super!that's going to be great!

Declension edit

Only used predicatively.