See also: souper, Super, súper, süper, super-, and supèr-

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From super- (prefix), from Middle English super-, from Latin super-, from super (above), from Pre-Italic or Proto-Indo-European *eks-uper, from *eḱs (out of) (English ex-), from *h₁eǵʰs + *uperi (English over). Cognate to hyper, from Ancient Greek.

AdjectiveEdit

super (not comparable)

  1. Of excellent quality, superfine.
  2. better than average, better than usual; wonderful.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

AdverbEdit

super (not comparable)

  1. (informal) Very; extremely (used like the prefix super-).
    The party was super awesome.
    • 1992 March 14, The Canberra Times, page 9, column 2:
      The job is super interesting for a person who enjoys a hardware environment and communicating with people.

Etymology 2Edit

Abbreviation by shortening.

NounEdit

super (plural supers)

  1. (Australia, New Zealand, informal) Short for superannuation.
    Jane looked forward to collecting a large super payout when she retired.
  2. Short for supercomputer.
    • 1989, Kai Hwang, Doug DeGroot, Parallel processing for supercomputers and artificial intelligence
      The performances and cost ranges of three classes of commercial supercomputers are given in Table 2.1. The full-scale supers are the most expensive class, represented by Cray, ETA, and Fujitsu systems, for example.
  3. (comics, slang) Short for superhero.
  4. (beekeeping) Short for superhive.
    • 1983, Sue Hubbell, A Country Year: Living the Questions, Boston, MA: Mariner Books, published 1999, →ISBN, page 69:
      There may be thirty to fifty supers in every outyard, and we have only about half an hour to get them off the hives, stacked and covered before the bees get really cross about what we are doing.
  5. (informal, US) Short for superintendent, especially, a building's resident manager (sometimes clarified as “building super”).
  6. (neologism) Short for supernaturalist, especially as distinguished from bright.
  7. Short for supernumerary; (theater) specifically, a supernumerary actor.
    • 1905, Baroness Emmuska Orczy, chapter 2, in The Affair at the Novelty Theatre[1]:
      For this scene, a large number of supers are engaged, and in order to further swell the crowd, practically all the available stage hands have to ‘walk on’ dressed in various coloured dominoes, and all wearing masks.
    • 1916, Ring W. Lardner, “Three Kings and a Pair”, in The Saturday Evening Post[2]:
      The piece was gave by a bunch o’ supers the time I went. I’d like to see it with a real cast. They say it’s a whiz when it’s acted right.
  8. Short for supertanker.
    • 1973, Jeffrey Potter, Disaster by Oil (page 46)
      That is a lot of ship, about the size of big tankers before they grew so rapidly to become supers, mammoths and oilbergs.
  9. Short for supervisor.

VerbEdit

super (third-person singular simple present supers, present participle supering, simple past and past participle supered)

  1. (beekeeping) Short for superhive.
    • 1917 Dadant, C. P., First Lessons in Beekeeping; revised & rewritten edition, 1968, by M. G. Dadant and J. C. Dadant, p 73:
      The question is: when is the best time to super?
  2. (television) Short for superimpose.
    • 1987, Television Quarterly (volumes 23-24)
      Even running a supered "Re-enactment" caption for a few seconds is poor policy, he feels []

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English super, French super, from Latin super.

AdjectiveEdit

super (indeclinable)

  1. (informal) super, great
    Můj brácha si koupil super auto, to musíš vidět!
    Ten výlet byl prostě super!

Usage notesEdit

This word is slightly more formal than supr, yet still informal.

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

InterjectionEdit

super

  1. (informal) super

SynonymsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • super in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed via English super from Latin super (over)

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

super (neuter super or supert, plural super or (unofficial) supre)

  1. (informal) terrific

AdverbEdit

super

  1. (informal) very

SynonymsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English super, ultimately from Latin super.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsy.pər/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: su‧per

AdverbEdit

super

  1. (informal) very, extremely, super
    De kunststofuitvoering is wel super duur.
    The plastic version is super expensive.

Derived termsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

super (not comparable)

  1. great, super
    Die nieuwe karts zijn super.
    Those new karts are great.

InflectionEdit

Inflection of super
uninflected super
inflected super
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial super
indefinite m./f. sing. super
n. sing. super
plural super
definite super
partitive supers

Related termsEdit


EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin super.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

super

  1. above

AntonymsEdit


FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Latin super. Doublet of the inherited sur. See also hyper, borrowed from Ancient Greek.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

super (invariable)

  1. superb, great

Derived termsEdit

AdverbEdit

super

  1. (informal) extremely, very (as an intensifier)
    Il est super beau
    he's very handsome
SynonymsEdit

InterjectionEdit

super

  1. great, fantastic

Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Probably a borrowing from a Germanic language, from *sūpaną (to sip, sup). If so then doublet of souper.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

super

  1. (regional) to suck, to sip
ConjugationEdit

AnagramsEdit

Further readingEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English super.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

super (not comparable)

  1. (colloquial) super, great, awesome

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • super” in Duden online

InterlinguaEdit

PrepositionEdit

super

  1. about (focused on a given topic)

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin super. Cf. sopra.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

super (invariable)

  1. super

NounEdit

super m (invariable)

  1. the best
  2. superphosphate

NounEdit

super f (invariable)

  1. the best grade of petrol

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *super, from Proto-Indo-European *upér (over, above). The latter is cognate to Ancient Greek ὑπέρ (hupér, above) and Proto-Germanic *uber (English over).

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

super (+ accusative, ablative)

  1. accusative [of place] above, on the top of, upon
    Cibus super mensam est.
    The food is on the table.
  2. accusative [of place] above, beyond
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Genesis.1.2:
      terra autem erat inanis et vacua et tenebrae super faciem abyssi et spiritus Dei ferebatur super aquas
      And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
  3. accusative [of measure] above, beyond, over, in addition to
  4. ablative concerning, regarding

Usage notesEdit

  • Used in many compound words, see super-.

AdverbEdit

super (not comparable)

  1. above, on top, over
  2. upwards
  3. moreover, in addition, besides

QuotationsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Asturian: sobre
  • Catalan: sobre, súper
  • Czech: super, supr
  • English: super
  • French: super
  • Galician: sobre
  • German: super

ReferencesEdit

  • super in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • super in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • super in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[3], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the river is over its banks, is in flood: flumen super ripas effunditur
  • super in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[4], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English super.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

super (not comparable)

  1. (colloquial) great, excellent
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:dobry

AdverbEdit

super (not comparable)

  1. (colloquial) excellently

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • super in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • super in Polish dictionaries at PWN

PortugueseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin super; cf. also English super. Doublet of the inherited sobre.

AdverbEdit

super (not comparable)

  1. (informal) super, very (intensifier)
    super fixe
    very nice
    Synonyms: muito, bastante, bué, mega

AdjectiveEdit

super (invariable, comparable)

  1. super

SardinianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin super.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

super

  1. on, on top of, above
    Synonym: supra

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin super; cf. also English super. Doublet of the inherited sobre.

AdjectiveEdit

super (invariable)

  1. (intensifier) very, mega

SwedishEdit

Pronunciation 1Edit

VerbEdit

super

  1. present tense of supa.

AdjectiveEdit

super (not comparable)

  1. perfect, super, excellent, great
    det blir super!that's going to be great!

DeclensionEdit

Only used predicatively.