See also: Jarl

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse jarl, from Proto-Norse ᛖᚱᛁᛚᚨᛉ (erilaʀ). Cognates include Old English eorl. Doublet of earl.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

jarl (plural jarls)

  1. (historical) A medieval Scandinavian nobleman, especially in Norway and Denmark.

TranslationsEdit


IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse jarl, from Proto-Norse ᛖᚱᛁᛚᚨᛉ (erilaʀ), from Proto-Germanic *erlaz, akin to Old English eorl (English earl).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

jarl m (genitive singular jarls, nominative plural jarlar)

  1. jarl
  2. earl (especially applied to nobles of Britain in modern times)

DeclensionEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse jarl.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

jarl m (definite singular jarlen, indefinite plural jarler, definite plural jarlene)

  1. (historical) jarl (a title given to the highest noblemen in Norse times. Went out of use in the 14th century.)
  2. an earl (British nobleman)

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse jarl.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

jarl m (definite singular jarlen, indefinite plural jarlar, definite plural jarlane)

  1. (historical) jarl (a title given to the highest noblemen in Norse times. Went out of use in the 14th century).
  2. an earl (British nobleman)

ReferencesEdit


Old NorseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Norse ᛖᚱᛁᛚᚨᛉ (erilaʀ), from Proto-Germanic *erlaz.

NounEdit

jarl m (genitive jarls)

  1. (poetic) A highborn, noble man or warrior.
  2. earl (in dignity next to the king)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Icelandic: jarl
  • Faroese: jallur
  • Norwegian Bokmål: jarl
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: jarl
  • Old Swedish: iarl, iærl
  • Old Danish: ierl
  • Danish: jarl (reborrowed)
  • English: jarl
  • Finnish: jaarli
  • Swedish: jarl (reborrowed)

ReferencesEdit

  • “jarl” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
  • jarl”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Old Norse jarl, from Proto-Norse ᛖᚱᛁᛚᚨᛉ (erilaʀ).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /jarl/
  • Rhymes: -arl
  • Syllabification: jarl

NounEdit

jarl m pers

  1. (historical) jarl (medieval Scandinavian nobleman, especially in Norway and Denmark)
  2. (historical) jarl (leader of a viking team)

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • jarl in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • jarl in Polish dictionaries at PWN