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LatvianEdit

 kartupelis on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Kartupeļi

EtymologyEdit

A borrowing, from Baltic German Low German Kartoffel, Kartuffel (compare High German Kartoffel, Danish kartoffel), from a Romance language: compare Romansch tartuffel, Italian tartufalo, from tartufo (truffle). The Latvian form is first attested at the beginning of the 18th century. A number of other (often unrelated) terms for “potato” exist in Latvian dialects alongside the standard word.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

kartupelis m (2nd declension)

  1. potato (plant, Solanum tuberosum, with tubers eaten as a starchy vegetable)
    kartupeļu (lakstu) puvepotato (stem) rot (= a potato disease)
    kartupeļu šķirnespotato varieties
  2. potato (the tubers of the potato plant)
    rakt kartupeļusto dig for potatoes
    kartupeļu maisspotato sack
    mizot, vārīt, cept kartupeļusto peel, to boil, to bake potatoes
    kartupeļu biezenis, biezputramashed potatoes (lit. potato puree)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “kartupelis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7