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LatvianEdit

 kartupelis on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Kartupeļi

EtymologyEdit

A borrowing, from Baltic German Low German Kartoffel, Kartuffel (compare High German Kartoffel, Danish kartoffel), from a Romance language: compare Romansch tartuffel, Italian tartufalo, from tartufo(truffle). The Latvian form is first attested at the beginning of the 18th century. A number of other (often unrelated) terms for “potato” exist in Latvian dialects alongside the standard word.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

kartupelis m (2nd declension)

  1. potato (plant, Solanum tuberosum, with tubers eaten as a starchy vegetable)
    kartupeļu (lakstu) puve‎ ― potato (stem) rot (= a potato disease)
    kartupeļu šķirnes‎ ― potato varieties
  2. potato (the tubers of the potato plant)
    rakt kartupeļus‎ ― to dig for potatoes
    kartupeļu maiss‎ ― potato sack
    mizot, vārīt, cept kartupeļus‎ ― to peel, to boil, to bake potatoes
    kartupeļu biezenis, biezputra‎ ― mashed potatoes (lit. potato puree)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “kartupelis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7