krapula

FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin crapula.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkrɑpulɑ/, [ˈkrɑpulɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑpulɑ
  • Syllabification: kra‧pu‧la

NounEdit

 
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krapula

  1. A hangover caused by drinking too much alcohol.
    Heräsin hirveässä krapulassa.
    I woke up with a horrible hangover.
  2. (by extension) Withdrawal symptoms caused by the wear-off of other intoxicants or medication.
  3. (by extension, often followed by a specifying adjective) Repentance, contrition.
    moraalinen ~ remorse, lit. "moral hangover"; drinker's remorse in the context of inebriation
    Fyysisen krapulan lisäksi kärsin koko päivän moraalisesta krapulasta.
    In addition to physical hangover, I suffered all day from drinker's remorse.

Usage notesEdit

In Finnish the word "krapula" and its derivatives refer exclusively to the state of hangover, whereas in English "crapula" refers more widely to the consequences of overdrinking and overeating.

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of krapula (Kotus type 12/kulkija, no gradation)
nominative krapula krapulat
genitive krapulan krapuloiden
krapuloitten
partitive krapulaa krapuloita
illative krapulaan krapuloihin
singular plural
nominative krapula krapulat
accusative nom. krapula krapulat
gen. krapulan
genitive krapulan krapuloiden
krapuloitten
krapulainrare
partitive krapulaa krapuloita
inessive krapulassa krapuloissa
elative krapulasta krapuloista
illative krapulaan krapuloihin
adessive krapulalla krapuloilla
ablative krapulalta krapuloilta
allative krapulalle krapuloille
essive krapulana krapuloina
translative krapulaksi krapuloiksi
instructive krapuloin
abessive krapulatta krapuloitta
comitative krapuloineen
Possessive forms of krapula (type kulkija)
possessor singular plural
1st person krapulani krapulamme
2nd person krapulasi krapulanne
3rd person krapulansa

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit