From Ancient Greek σύμπτωμα (súmptōma, “a happening, accident, symptom of disease”), from stem of συμπίπτω (sumpíptō, “Ι befall”), from συν- (sun-, “together”) + πίπτω (píptō, “I fall”).
symptom (plural symptoms)
- (medicine) A perceived change in some function, sensation or appearance of a person that indicates a disease or disorder, such as fever, headache or rash; strictly, a symptom is felt or experienced by the patient, while a sign can be detected by an observer.
- Swollen breasts, morning sickness, and a missed period are classic symptoms of pregnancy.
- (figuratively) A signal; anything that indicates, or is characteristic of, the presence of something else, especially of something undesirable.
- 1837, L[etitia] E[lizabeth] L[andon], Ethel Churchill: Or, The Two Brides. […], volume I, London: Henry Colburn, […], →OCLC, pages 114–115:
- "Nay, nay," exclaimed Lord Norbourne, "I cannot go quite so far as that. I have, thanks to your hospitality, laid in a stock of health enough for the ensuing winter: but as to the general benevolence of which you talk, I confess I find no symptoms: if I did, they would alarm me more than those of the gout."
- 2009, Charles Zastrow, Introduction to Social Work and Social Welfare:
- Some people see birth outside of marriage as a social problem—a sign of a breakdown in the traditional family and a symptom of moral decay.
- Lying, hiding one's true feelings, and having affairs are typical symptoms of a doomed marriage.
- sign, signal
- See also Thesaurus:symptom
- Treatment of symptoms versus treatment of cause
- “symptom”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
- “symptom”, in The Century Dictionary […], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.
Borrowed from German Symptom from Ancient Greek σύμπτωμα (súmptōma, “a happening, accident, symptom of disease”), from stem of συμπίπτω (sumpíptō, “Ι befall”), from συν- (sun-, “together”) + πίπτω (píptō, “I fall”).
symptom m inan
- ^ "symptom" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007
symptom n (singular definite symptomet, plural indefinite symptomer)
- “symptom” in Den Danske Ordbog
From Ancient Greek σύμπτωμα (súmptōma, “chance, casuality; symptom”), from συμπίπτω (sumpíptō, “Ι befall”) (with the suffix, -μα (-ma), from Proto-Indo-European *-mn̥), from both συν- (sun-, “with, together”), from σύν (sún, “beside, with”), from Proto-Indo-European *som-, from *sem- (“together, one”), or possibly from *ḱóm (“beside, near, by, with”), from *ḱe + and from πίπτω (píptō, “to fall”), from Proto-Indo-European *pípth₂-, from *peth₂- (“to spread out, fly”).
symptom n (definite singular symptomet, indefinite plural symptom or symptomer, definite plural symptoma or symptomene)
symptom n (definite singular symptomet, indefinite plural symptom, definite plural symptoma)
symptom m inan
In the Swedish language since 1730. From Ancient Greek σύμπτωμα (súmptōma, “a happening, accident, symptom of disease”).
- Dated form of symtom (“symptom”).
|Declension of symptom|