See also: külma and kulmâ

Czech edit

Pronunciation edit

IPA(key): [ˈkulma]

Noun edit

kulma f

  1. curling iron, curling tongs

Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • kulma in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • kulma in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *kulma, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kuľma (corner of the eye), cognate to Karelian kulma, Estonian kulm and Khanty кулӛм (kulə̂m, temple (of the skull)).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkulmɑ/, [ˈkulmɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -ulmɑ
  • Syllabification(key): kul‧ma

Noun edit

kulma

  1. corner (external point where two converging lines meet)
    kulman takanaaround the corner
  2. Synonym of nurkka (corner) (internal point where two converging lines meet)
  3. angle (corner where two walls intersect)
  4. (geometry) angle (geometrical figure; measure)
    Eulerin kulmatEuler angles
  5. (often in the plural) brow (the ridge above the eye)
    Synonym: silmäkulma
    kurtistaa kulmiaanto wrinkle one's brow
    seppele kulmillaanwith a wreath upon his brow
  6. (often in the plural) part of a larger place or region, locality, neighbourhood
    Olen asunut näillä kulmilla koko ikäni.
    I've lived in these parts all my life.
  7. (sports) corner (corner kick, etc.)

Declension edit

Inflection of kulma (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative kulma kulmat
genitive kulman kulmien
partitive kulmaa kulmia
illative kulmaan kulmiin
singular plural
nominative kulma kulmat
accusative nom. kulma kulmat
gen. kulman
genitive kulman kulmien
kulmainrare
partitive kulmaa kulmia
inessive kulmassa kulmissa
elative kulmasta kulmista
illative kulmaan kulmiin
adessive kulmalla kulmilla
ablative kulmalta kulmilta
allative kulmalle kulmille
essive kulmana kulmina
translative kulmaksi kulmiksi
abessive kulmatta kulmitta
instructive kulmin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of kulma (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kulmani kulmani
accusative nom. kulmani kulmani
gen. kulmani
genitive kulmani kulmieni
kulmainirare
partitive kulmaani kulmiani
inessive kulmassani kulmissani
elative kulmastani kulmistani
illative kulmaani kulmiini
adessive kulmallani kulmillani
ablative kulmaltani kulmiltani
allative kulmalleni kulmilleni
essive kulmanani kulminani
translative kulmakseni kulmikseni
abessive kulmattani kulmittani
instructive
comitative kulmineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kulmasi kulmasi
accusative nom. kulmasi kulmasi
gen. kulmasi
genitive kulmasi kulmiesi
kulmaisirare
partitive kulmaasi kulmiasi
inessive kulmassasi kulmissasi
elative kulmastasi kulmistasi
illative kulmaasi kulmiisi
adessive kulmallasi kulmillasi
ablative kulmaltasi kulmiltasi
allative kulmallesi kulmillesi
essive kulmanasi kulminasi
translative kulmaksesi kulmiksesi
abessive kulmattasi kulmittasi
instructive
comitative kulminesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kulmamme kulmamme
accusative nom. kulmamme kulmamme
gen. kulmamme
genitive kulmamme kulmiemme
kulmaimmerare
partitive kulmaamme kulmiamme
inessive kulmassamme kulmissamme
elative kulmastamme kulmistamme
illative kulmaamme kulmiimme
adessive kulmallamme kulmillamme
ablative kulmaltamme kulmiltamme
allative kulmallemme kulmillemme
essive kulmanamme kulminamme
translative kulmaksemme kulmiksemme
abessive kulmattamme kulmittamme
instructive
comitative kulminemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kulmanne kulmanne
accusative nom. kulmanne kulmanne
gen. kulmanne
genitive kulmanne kulmienne
kulmainnerare
partitive kulmaanne kulmianne
inessive kulmassanne kulmissanne
elative kulmastanne kulmistanne
illative kulmaanne kulmiinne
adessive kulmallanne kulmillanne
ablative kulmaltanne kulmiltanne
allative kulmallenne kulmillenne
essive kulmananne kulminanne
translative kulmaksenne kulmiksenne
abessive kulmattanne kulmittanne
instructive
comitative kulminenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative kulmansa kulmansa
accusative nom. kulmansa kulmansa
gen. kulmansa
genitive kulmansa kulmiensa
kulmainsarare
partitive kulmaansa kulmiaan
kulmiansa
inessive kulmassaan
kulmassansa
kulmissaan
kulmissansa
elative kulmastaan
kulmastansa
kulmistaan
kulmistansa
illative kulmaansa kulmiinsa
adessive kulmallaan
kulmallansa
kulmillaan
kulmillansa
ablative kulmaltaan
kulmaltansa
kulmiltaan
kulmiltansa
allative kulmalleen
kulmallensa
kulmilleen
kulmillensa
essive kulmanaan
kulmanansa
kulminaan
kulminansa
translative kulmakseen
kulmaksensa
kulmikseen
kulmiksensa
abessive kulmattaan
kulmattansa
kulmittaan
kulmittansa
instructive
comitative kulmineen
kulminensa

Derived terms edit

Compounds edit

References edit

  • Häkkinen, Kaisa (2004) Nykysuomen etymologinen sanakirja [Modern Finnish Etymological Dictionary] (in Finnish), Juva: WSOY, →ISBN

Further reading edit

Ingrian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *kulma. Cognates include Finnish kulma and Estonian kulm.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

kulma

  1. eyebrow

Usage notes edit

  • Often used in the combination silmän kulma (literally eyebrow of the eye).

Declension edit

Declension of kulma (type 3/koira, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative kulma kulmat
genitive kulman kulmiin
partitive kulmaa kulmia
illative kulmaa kulmii
inessive kulmaas kulmiis
elative kulmast kulmist
allative kulmalle kulmille
adessive kulmaal kulmiil
ablative kulmalt kulmilt
translative kulmaks kulmiks
essive kulmanna, kulmaan kulminna, kulmiin
exessive1) kulmant kulmint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 217

Maltese edit

Etymology edit

kull +‎ ma.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

kulma

  1. whatever