See also: Koira

FinnishEdit

 
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koira

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *koira, from earlier *koj(e)ra, from Proto-Uralic *kojera (male animal) (whence also koiras (male animal)), derived from Proto-Uralic *koje (male, man), in which case the word probably originally meant "male dog" specifically (and possibly displaced peni in the general sense of "dog").

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkoi̯rɑ/, [ˈko̞i̯rɑ]
  • Rhymes: -oirɑ
  • Syllabification(key): koi‧ra

NounEdit

koira

  1. dog
  2. dog paddle (swimming stroke)
  3. (military slang) military police

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of koira (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative koira koirat
genitive koiran koirien
partitive koiraa koiria
illative koiraan koiriin
singular plural
nominative koira koirat
accusative nom. koira koirat
gen. koiran
genitive koiran koirien
koirainrare
partitive koiraa koiria
inessive koirassa koirissa
elative koirasta koirista
illative koiraan koiriin
adessive koiralla koirilla
ablative koiralta koirilta
allative koiralle koirille
essive koirana koirina
translative koiraksi koiriksi
instructive koirin
abessive koiratta koiritta
comitative koirineen
Possessive forms of koira (type koira)
possessor singular plural
1st person koirani koiramme
2nd person koirasi koiranne
3rd person koiransa

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


IngrianEdit

 
Koira.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *koira (male dog), from Proto-Uralic *kojera (male animal). Cognates include Finnish koira and Estonian koer.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

koira

  1. dog
    • 1936, N. A. Iljin and V. I. Junus, Bukvari iƶoroin șkouluja vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 57:
      Ƶucka ono koira.
      Žucka is a dog.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of koira (type 3/koira, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative koira koirat
genitive koiran koiriin
partitive koiraa koiria
illative koiraa koirii
inessive koiraas koiriis
elative koirast koirist
allative koiralle koirille
adessive koiraal koiriil
ablative koiralt koirilt
translative koiraks koiriks
essive koiranna, koiraan koirinna, koiriin
exessive1) koirant koirint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 59
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 183
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[2], →ISBN, page 72

KarelianEdit

Regional variants of koira
North Karelian
(Viena)
koira
South Karelian
(Tver)
koira

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *koira. Cognates include Finnish koira and Estonian koer.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkoi̯rɑ/
  • Hyphenation: koi‧ra

NounEdit

koira (genitive koiran, partitive koirua)

  1. dog

DeclensionEdit

Viena Karelian declension of koira (type 5/koira, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative koira koirat
genitive koiran koirien
partitive koirua koirie
illative koirah koirih
inessive koirašša koirissa
elative koirašta koirista
adessive koiralla koirilla
ablative koiralta koirilta
translative koirakši koiriksi
essive koirana koirina
comitative koirineh
comitative koiratta koiritta
Tver Karelian declension of koira (type 5/koira no gradation)
singular plural
nominative koira koirat
genitive koiran koirin
partitive koirua koirie
illative koirah koirih
inessive koirašša koirissa
elative koirašta koirista
adessive koiralla koirilla
ablative koiralda koirilda
translative koirakši koiriksi
essive koirana koirina
comitative koiranke koirinke
comitative koiratta koiritta
Possessive forms of koira
1st person koirani
2nd person koiraš
3rd person koirah
*) Possessive forms are very rare for adjectives and only used in substantivised clauses.

ReferencesEdit

  • A. V. Punzhina (1994), “koira”, in Словарь карельского языка (тверские говоры) [Dictionary of the Karelian language (Tver dialects)], →ISBN
  • P. M. Zaykov et al. (2015), “собака”, in Venäjä-Viena Šanakirja [Russian-Viena Karelian Dictionary], →ISBN