lapsa

See also: lapsā and Lapsa

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LatvianEdit

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Lapsa

EtymologyEdit

From earlier *lapesa, from Proto-Baltic *lap- (< *wlap-, *wlop-) with an extra element *-eš (< *-eḱ), from Proto-Indo-European *wlp-, *lup-, *lop-, *h₂wl(o)p, *h₂ulp, ultimately from the stem *wel- ‎(to pluck; to steal, to plunder; to tear), whence also vilks ‎(wolf), q.v.). The original meaning was, as in the case of vilks, also “thief,” “tearer.” Cognates include Lithuanian lãpė, Old Prussian lape, Sudovian laps, Breton louarn, Ancient Greek ἀλώπηξ ‎(alṓpēx), Sanskrit लोपाशः ‎(lopāśaḥ, fox, jackal), Latin volpēs, Scythian raupāsa, Armenian աղվես ‎(ałves), Persian روباه ‎(rubâh).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

lapsa f (4th declension)

  1. fox (esp. Vulpes vulpes)
    sarkanā lapsa — red fox
    lapsas ādafox skin, fur
    lapsu medībasfox hunting
    viltīgs kā lapsa — cunning as a fox
    lapsas ir veikli dzīvnieki, tās labi prot izvairīties no briesmām un iegūt laupījumufoxes are crafty animals, they know well how to avoid danger and get prey
  2. (figuratively) fox, old fox (a cunning person)
    ar ziņojumiem par puiku nemieriem skolu inspektors Valmierā tikai pats grib tikt labākā vietā... vai nu kurators Rīgā lai būtu tāds āpsis un ticētu Valmieras lapsai? — with reports of unrest among the boys the school inspector in Valmiera only wanted to get a better position... or would the curator in Riga be a badger and believe the Valmieran fox?

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “lapsa”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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