See also: Cunning


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  • Rhymes: -ʌnɪŋ
  • IPA(key): /ˈkʌnɪŋ/

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English cunning, kunning, konnyng, alteration of earlier Middle English cunninde, kunnende, cunnand, from Old English cunnende, present participle of cunnan (to know how to, be able to), equivalent to con +‎ -ing. Cognate with Scots cunnand (cunning), German könnend (able to do), Icelandic kunnandi (cunning). More at con, can.


cunning (comparative more cunning, superlative most cunning)

  1. Sly; crafty; clever in surreptitious behaviour.
    • 1692–1717, Robert South, Twelve Sermons Preached upon Several Occasions, volume (please specify |volume=I to VI), 6th edition, London: [] J[ames] Bettenham, for Jonah Bowyer, [], published 1727, OCLC 21766567:
      They are resolved to be cunning; let others run the hazard of being sincere.
  2. (obsolete) Skillful, artful.
  3. (obsolete) Wrought with, or exhibiting, skill or ingenuity; ingenious.
    cunning work
  4. (US, colloquial, dated, New England) Cute, appealing.
    a cunning little boy
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Bartlett to this entry?)



The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English cunning, kunnyng, partially from Old English *cunning (verbal noun), from Old English cunnan (to know how to, be able to); partially from Old English cunnung (knowledge, trial, probation, experience, contact, carnal knowledge), from cunnian (to search into, try, test, seek for, explore, investigate, experience, have experience of, to make trial of, know), equivalent to con +‎ -ing.


cunning (countable and uncountable, plural cunnings)

  1. Practical knowledge or experience; aptitude in performance; skill, proficiency; dexterity.
    • 2005, Plato, Sophist. Translation by Lesley Brown. 236d.
      indeed at this very moment he's slipped away with the utmost cunning into a form that's most perplexing to investigate.
  2. Practical skill employed in a secret or crafty manner; craft; artifice; skillful deceit; art or magic.
    • c. 1610-11, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act III scene ii[1]:
      Caliban: As I told thee before, I am subject to a tyrant, a sorcerer that by his cunning hath cheated me of the island.
  3. The disposition to employ one's skill in an artful manner; craftiness; guile; artifice; skill of being cunning, sly, conniving, or deceitful.
  4. The natural wit or instincts of an animal.
    the cunning of the fox or hare
  5. (obsolete) Knowledge; learning; special knowledge (sometimes implying occult or magical knowledge).