LatvianEdit

 
Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

EtymologyEdit

Presumably from earlier *latuvis or *latavis, apparently from a proper name *Latuva or *Latava, applying to some region or river (cf. similar river names in Lithuania: Latavà, Latuvà, also Lãtupis. The initial element Lat-, also found in latgalis (Latgalian), may itself have come from an old river name *Lata, perhaps from Proto-Baltic *lat-, from Proto-Indo-European *lat-, *let-, *lot- (to flow), reflected in Old Irish laith (liquid; ale, liquor) (< *lati), lathach (silt, mud) (< *latàkā), Old Norse leþja (clay; dregs, sludge), Old High German letto (clay), and perhaps Ancient Greek λάταξ (látax, drop). There are other river and lake names in Europe with a possibly related element lat-, let- in them (Letes, Late, Latupi, Lator patak, Latorica, Lataná). The term latvis, mentioned since the 17th century, was in principle replaced by latvietis already in the 19th century, but was reintroduced into the standard language from poetry. Cognates include Lithuanian lãtvis, Russian латыш (latyš), Polish Łotysz, German Lette, English Lett, Estonian läti, Finnish lätti.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

latvis m (2nd declension, feminine form: latve)

  1. a (male) Latvian, a Lett; a member of the Latvian ethnic group
  2. (genitive plural): Latvian, pertaining to Latvia and its people
    latvju dainasLatvian folk songs
    latvju zemethe Latvian land
    latvju strēlniekiLatvian riflemen

Usage notesEdit

The word latvis is a synonym of latvietis, but it is less frequently used, and more often than not refers to ancient Latvians, or Latvians as an ethnic group.

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “latvietis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

LithuanianEdit

 
Lithuanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lt

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lãtvis m (plural lãtviai, feminine latvė) stress pattern 2

  1. Latvian; a man from Latvia
  2. (in the plural) Latvians in general

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit