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FinnishEdit

(index lo)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *lounas, stem variant of *louna, from Proto-Finno-Permic *lowna (day, midday). Cognates include Karelian lounat (evening/main meal), Veps louna, Votic lõunaz (south, lunch), Estonian lõuna (south, lunch) and Komi-Permyak лун (lun). Permic cognates have the meaning "day", whereas Baltic-Finnic cognates denote the direction where the Sun is at midday or the meal eaten at midday.

The compass point meaning was clarified in the 19th century; in earlier text and dialects lounas may mean either south, southwest or southeast. Compare lounatuuli (southern wind). [1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈlou̯nɑs/, [ˈlo̞u̯nɑs̠]
  • Hyphenation: lou‧nas

NounEdit

lounas

  1. southwest
  2. lunch

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of lounas (Kotus type 41/vieras, no gradation)
nominative lounas lounaat
genitive lounaan lounaiden
lounaitten
partitive lounasta lounaita
illative lounaaseen lounaisiin
singular plural
nominative lounas lounaat
accusative nom. lounas lounaat
gen. lounaan
genitive lounaan lounaiden
lounaitten
partitive lounasta lounaita
inessive lounaassa lounaissa
elative lounaasta lounaista
illative lounaaseen lounaisiin
lounaihinrare
adessive lounaalla lounailla
ablative lounaalta lounailta
allative lounaalle lounaille
essive lounaana lounaina
translative lounaaksi lounaiksi
instructive lounain
abessive lounaatta lounaitta
comitative lounaineen

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Cardinal Directions

luode pohjoinen koillinen
länsi   itä
lounas etelä kaakko

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Häkkinen, Kaisa (2004) Nykysuomen etymologinen sanakirja [Modern Finnish etymological dictionary] (in Finnish), Juva: WSOY, →ISBN

AnagramsEdit