-as

Contents

EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

The Esperanto suffixes -as, -is, -os, -us are related, and appear to have been inspired by previous language projects:

This play of vowels is not an original idea of Zamenhof's: -as, -is, -os are found for the three tenses of the infinitive in Faiguet's system of 1765; -a, -i, -o without a consonant are used like Z's -as, -is, -os by Rudelle (1858); Courtonne in 1885 had -am, -im, -om in the same values, and the similarity with Esperanto is here even more perfect than in the other projects, as -um corresponds to Z's -us.An International Language (1928)

The vowel of -as is likely cognate with the Latin present, as in amat ‎(s/he loves), and the corresponding present infinitive amāre, permitting the natural (for an European) -ant ending. i could come from past tense in Latin ami, amisti.

SuffixEdit

-as

  1. ending of the present tense in verbs.

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-as

  1. (adjective suffix) Added to a noun to form an adjective meaning "having something, a quality".
    haj ‎(hair) + ‎-as → ‎hajas ‎(covered with hair)
  2. (noun suffix) Added to a noun to form an occupation or a collective noun.
    fazék ‎(pot) + ‎-as → ‎fazekas ‎(potter)
  3. (number suffix) Added to an ordinal number to form a digit or figure.
    három ‎(three) + ‎-as → ‎hármas ‎(the digit or figure 3)

Usage notesEdit

  • (all senses) Harmonic variants:
    -s is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -os is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -as is added to other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -es is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ös is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit


IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Esperanto.

SuffixEdit

-as

  1. ending of the present tense in verbs

IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • -eas (after palatal consonants)

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish -as, from Proto-Celtic *-assus, from Proto-Indo-European *-ad-tus.

SuffixEdit

-as m

  1. Nominal suffix, used to form abstract ideas or nouns

Derived termsEdit



LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

A declined form of -us ‎(suffix forming adjectives).

SuffixEdit

-ās

  1. accusative feminine plural of -us

Etymology 2Edit

A conjugated form of ‎(suffix forming first-conjugation verbs).

SuffixEdit

-ās

  1. second-person singular present active indicative of

Etymology 3Edit

A declined form of -a ‎(suffix forming masculine agent nouns).

SuffixEdit

-ās m

  1. accusative plural of -a

LithuanianEdit

SuffixEdit

-as m

  1. nominal suffix (ending) of the first declension of the nouns.
  2. nominal suffix (ending) which indicates a demonym.
    rusas ‎(Russian (person)) from Rusija ‎(Russia)

Derived termsEdit

Category Lithuanian words suffixed with -as not found



Northern SamiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Samic *-ës.

SuffixEdit

-as

  1. Forms nouns from verbs, indicating something used for performing the verb.
    vuoidat ‎(to smear) + ‎-as → ‎vuoiddas ‎(ointment)

Usage notesEdit

This suffix triggers the weak grade on a preceding stressed syllable in the nominative singular and essive, and the strong grade in the other forms.

InflectionEdit

Odd, no gradation
Nominative -as
Genitive -asa
Singular Plural
Nominative -as -asat
Accusative -asa -asiid
Genitive -asa -asiid
Illative -asii -asiidda
Locative -asis -asiin
Comitative -asiin -asiiguin
Essive -asin
Possessive forms
Singular Dual Plural
1st person -asan -aseame -aseamet
2nd person -asat -aseatte -aseattet
3rd person -asis -aseaskka -aseaset

Derived termsEdit



Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Perhaps from the Proto-Germanic accusative plural ending *-anz, with regularly lost -n- before a fricative, or perhaps from the nominative plural *-ōs, a voiceless variety of the regular ending *-ōz. Akin to Old Saxon -os (Low German -s), Dutch -s, Swedish -ar.

SuffixEdit

-as

  1. Nominative and accusative case ending, originally of a-stem masculine nouns, later extended to other nouns.

DescendantsEdit

  • English: -s

Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • -es (after palatal consonants)
  • -us

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *-assus, from Proto-Indo-European *-ad-tus.

SuffixEdit

-as m

  1. Nominal suffix, used to form abstract ideas or nouns
    óclach ‎(young man) + ‎-as → ‎óclachas ‎(youth)
    muinter ‎(family) + ‎-as → ‎muinteras ‎(familiarity)

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

  • Irish: -as
  • Scottish Gaelic: -as

ReferencesEdit

  • Rudolf Thurneysen, A Grammar of Old Irish (Dublin, 1946), §261

PortugueseEdit

SuffixEdit

-as

  1. forms the second-person singular present indicative of 1st conjugation verbs
    falar ‎(to speak) + ‎-as → ‎falas ‎(you speak)
  2. forms the second-person singular subjunctive present of 2nd and 3rd conjugation verbs
    correr ‎(to run) + ‎-as → ‎corras ‎(that you run)
  3. forms the second-person singular negative imperative of 2nd and 3rd conjugation verbs
    correr ‎(to run) + ‎-as → ‎não corras ‎(don’t run)

SpanishEdit

SuffixEdit

-as

  1. suffix indicating the second-person singular present indicative of -ar.
  2. suffix indicative the second-person singular present subjunctive of -er verbs and -ir verbs

See alsoEdit

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