From mercy + seat, after German Gnadenstuhl, translating Hebrew כַּפֹּרֶת (kappóreth) (= Hellenistic Greek ἱλαστήριον (ἱlastírion) (Septuagint)/Latin propitiatorium (Vulgate)).
mercy seat (uncountable)
- (Christianity) The lid of the Ark of the Covenant, on which God is said to have been enthroned; taken to represent the throne in heaven.
- 1658, Sir Thomas Browne, The Garden of Cyrus, Folio Society (2007), page 206,
- The greatest mystery of Religion is expressed by adumbration, and in the noblest part of Jewish Types, we finde the Cherubims shadowing the Mercy-seat.
lid of the Arc of the Covenant