EgyptianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Likely a babble word in origin, like many of its Afro-Asiatic parallels.[1] Militarev and Stolbova derive it from a supposed Proto-Afro-Asiatic *ˀVma/*ma(y) (mother) instead, but also note it may be a nursery word.[2] If not, perhaps cognate with Proto-Semitic *ʾimm-.

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (reconstructed) IPA(key): /ˈmiʔwat/, /ˈmuʔwat//ˈmiʔwaʔ/, /ˈmuʔwaʔ//ˈmeʔwə/

NounEdit

   

 f

  1. mother
    • c. 1900 BCE, The Instructions of Kagemni (pPrisse/pBN 183) lines 1.11–1.12:
           
       
          
       
           
            
       
                  
       
      ḫr (tw)r n(j) ḥr r dfꜣ jb jmꜣ n.f kꜣhs r mwt.f
      One who is averted of face against feeding the heart (i.e. one who doesn’t indulge hismelf), the harsh man has to be more kindly to him than his (own) mother.
InflectionEdit
Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Demotic: mwt

Proper nounEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
   
 
Mwt, Luxor, c.1279-1213 BC
   
 

 f

  1. the primordial waters [Old Kingdom]
  2. Mut, the vulture goddess worshipped as part of the Theban Triad
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Cognate with Arabic مَاتَ(māta, to die), Hebrew מֵת(met, to die), Aramaic מִית(mīṯ, to die), Ge'ez ሞተ (motä).

PronunciationEdit

 

VerbEdit

   

 3-lit.

  1. (intransitive) to die
  2. (intransitive, figuratively, of ships) to sink
    • c. 2000 BCE – 1900 BCE, Tale of the Shipwrecked Sailor (pHermitage/pPetersburg 1115) lines 37–39:
        
       
       
       
       
       
        
       
       
       
       
       
          
       
       
       
       
       
          
      ꜥḥꜥ.n dpt m(w)t(.tj) ntjw jm.s nj zp wꜥ jm
      Then the boat died, and of those in it, not one therein survived.
InflectionEdit
Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

   

 m

  1. death
Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

  
 

 f

  1. weight
InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Hoch, James (1997) Middle Egyptian Grammar, Mississauga: Benben Publications, →ISBN, page 97
  • Faulkner, Raymond (1962) A Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian, Oxford: Griffith Institute, →ISBN
  1. ^ Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 193–195
  2. ^ Militarev, Alexander and Stolbova, Olga (2007) “*ˀVma/*ma(y)” in the Afroasiatic etymology database at StarLing
  3. ^ Loprieno, Antonio (1995) Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 245