EgyptianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Likely a babble word in origin, like many of its Afroasiatic parallels.[1] Militarev and Stolbova derive it from a supposed Proto-Afroasiatic form instead, but also note it may be a nursery word.[2] If not, perhaps cognate with Proto-Semitic *ʔimm-.

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (reconstructed) IPA(key): /ˈmiʔwat/, /ˈmuʔwat//ˈmiʔwaʔ/, /ˈmuʔwaʔ//ˈmeʔwə/

NounEdit

mwttB1

 f

  1. mother
    • c. 1900 BCE, The Instructions of Kagemni (pPrisse/pBN 183) lines 1.11–1.12:
      xrrM6nDs
      n
      HrZ1rd
      f
      AG42Y1ibZ1
      imAAmiAmY1
      n
      fkAhsE21A24rmwtt B1
      f
      ḫr (tw)r n(j) ḥr r dfꜣ jb jmꜣ n.f kꜣhs r mwt.f
      One who is averted of face against feeding the heart (i.e. one who doesn’t indulge himself), the harsh man has to be more kindly to him than his (own) mother.
InflectionEdit
Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Demotic: mwt

Proper nounEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
t G15
nb
Mwt, Luxor, c.1279-1213 BC
t G15
nb

 f

  1. (Egyptian mythology) the primordial waters [Old Kingdom]
  2. Mut, the vulture goddess worshipped as part of the Theban Triad
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

(Possibly:)

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Afroasiatic *mawVt- (to die, to kill). Cognate with Proto-Semitic *mawut-, Central Atlas Tamazight ⵎⵎⵜ (mmt) and Hausa mutù.

PronunciationEdit

 

VerbEdit

mtw

 3-lit.

  1. (intransitive) to die
  2. (intransitive, figuratively, of ships) to sink
    • c. 2000 BCE – 1900 BCE, Tale of the Shipwrecked Sailor (pHermitage/pPetersburg 1115) lines 37–39:
      aHaa
      n
      d
      p
      t
      P1
      mt
      Z6
      n
      t
      tyw
      Z2
      imsD35
      z
      p
      zp
      wa
      a
      A1Z1im
      ꜥḥꜥ.n dpt m(w)t(.tj) ntjw jm.s nj zp wꜥ jm
      Then the boat died, and of those in it, not one of them survived.
InflectionEdit
Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

mtw

 m

  1. death
Alternative formsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Demotic: mwt
    • Coptic: ⲙⲟⲩ (mou) (Akhmimic, Bohairic, Fayyumic, Lycopolitan, Old Coptic, Sahidic)

Etymology 3Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mwtt
O39

 f

  1. (physics) weight
InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Hoch, James (1997) Middle Egyptian Grammar, Mississauga: Benben Publications, →ISBN, page 97
  • Faulkner, Raymond (1962) A Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian, Oxford: Griffith Institute, →ISBN
  1. ^ Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 193–195, →ISBN
  2. ^ Militarev, Alexander and Stolbova, Olga (2007), “
    • ˀVma/*ma(y)”, in Afroasiatic etymology database at StarLing[1]
  3. ^ Loprieno, Antonio (1995) Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 245