See also: nna, NNA, -nna, -nña, nnâ, nn'â, nn'a, and n̄na



From Proto-Cariban *apina. Compare Trió anja, Wayana emna, Waiwai amna.




  1. the first-person exclusive dual pronoun; he and I, she and I, it and I.

Usage notesEdit

While most personal pronouns are optional in contexts where nouns, verbs, and postpositions already have personal prefixes, nña is obligatory, as there is no such prefix unique to the first-person exclusive dual; it normally uses third-person prefixes instead, but, in portmanteau prefixes indicating both a second-person and first-person(-dual-exclusive) agent and patient, it instead uses prefixes indistinguishable from those used with the first person.



  • Hall, Katherine (2007), “nɲa”, in Mary Ritchie Key & Bernard Comrie, editors, The Intercontinental Dictionary Series[1], Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, published 2021
  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011), “nña”, in Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana, Lyon, page 120–122
  • Meira, Sérgio (2002), “A first comparison of pronominal and demonstrative systems in the Cariban language family”, in Mily Crevels, Simon van de Kerke, Sergio Meira and Hein van der Voort, editors, Current Studies on South American Languages[2], Leiden: Research School of Asian, African, and American Studies (CNWS), Leiden University, →ISBN, pages 255–275