Possibly from Proto-Cariban *kɨwɨ. Compare Waiwai kïïwï; but note forms such as Trió kïmë, Wayana kunmë, that suggest only the initial *kï- element may be reconstructible to Proto-Cariban. Synchronically as if k(ü)- (first-person inclusive prefix) + a singular/dual personal pronoun base *wü.




  1. the first-person inclusive dual pronoun; you and I, me and you, the two of us.



  • Hall, Katherine (2007), “kɨwɨ”, in Mary Ritchie Key & Bernard Comrie, editors, The Intercontinental Dictionary Series[1], Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, published 2021
  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011), “küwü”, in Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana, Lyon, page 120
  • Meira, Sérgio (2002), “A first comparison of pronominal and demonstrative systems in the Cariban language family”, in Mily Crevels, Simon van de Kerke, Sergio Meira and Hein van der Voort, editors, Current Studies on South American Languages[2], Leiden: Research School of Asian, African, and American Studies (CNWS), Leiden University, →ISBN, pages 255–275