Estonian edit

Etymology edit

From German -in. Introduced by Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald.

Suffix edit

-nna (genitive -nna, partitive -nnat)

  1. Forms feminine agent or occupational nouns
    eestlane "Estonian (person)" → eestlanna "female Estonian"
    laulja "singer" → lauljanna "female singer"
    kuningas "king" → kuninganna "queen"

Declension edit

Declension of -nna (ÕS type 16/pere, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative -nna -nnad
accusative nom.
gen. -nna
genitive -nnade
partitive -nnat -nnasid
illative -nnasse -nnadesse
inessive -nnas -nnades
elative -nnast -nnadest
allative -nnale -nnadele
adessive -nnal -nnadel
ablative -nnalt -nnadelt
translative -nnaks -nnadeks
terminative -nnani -nnadeni
essive -nnana -nnadena
abessive -nnata -nnadeta
comitative -nnaga -nnadega

Synonyms edit

  • -tar (in some cases)

Derived terms edit

Ingrian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *-nna. Cognates include Finnish -na and Estonian -na.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-nna (front vowel variant -nnä)

  1. Used to form the essive case.

Usage notes edit

Inflection edit

Possessive forms of -nna
possessor singular plural
1st person -nnaan -nnaamme
2nd person -nnaas -nnaanne
3rd person -nnaa -nnaasse

References edit

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 44