LetterI.svg
I U+0049, I
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I
H
[U+0048]
Basic Latin J
[U+004A]
U+2160.svg
U+2160, Ⅰ
ROMAN NUMERAL ONE

[U+215F]
Number Forms
[U+2161]
U+FF29, I
FULLWIDTH LATIN CAPITAL LETTER I

[U+FF28]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF2A]

TranslingualEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Roman numeral one): , i,
  • ("Cardinal number read ordinal", i.e. ordinal): I.

EtymologyEdit

From the Etruscan letter 𐌉 (i, i), from the Ancient Greek letter Ι (I, iota), derived from the Phoenician letter 𐤉(y, yod), from the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓂝.

LetterEdit

I (lower case i)

  1. The ninth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

I (lower case ı)

  1. The letter i without a dot above, in both the upper case and the lower case versions.

See alsoEdit

SymbolEdit

I

  1. (chemistry) Symbol for iodine.
  2. (physics) Isotopic spin.
  3. (license plate codes) Italy
  4. (physics, electronics) Electrical current.
  5. (physics, kinematics) moment of inertia.
  6. (biochemistry) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for isoleucine
  7. (mathematics, linear algebra) identity matrix
  8. (mathematical analysis, topology) the (closed) unit interval; [0, 1]
  9. (inorganic chemistry) Specifying an oxidation state of 1
  10. (music) major tonic triad

NumeralEdit

I (upper case Roman numeral, lower case i)

  1. cardinal number one.
  2. (especially in the names of aristocracy) the first.

See alsoEdit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

Other representations of I:

ReferencesEdit


EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English I (also ik, ich), from Old English ih (also ic, iċċ (I)), from Proto-West Germanic *ik, from Proto-Germanic *ik, *ek (I), from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂ (I). Cognate with Scots I, ik, A (I), Saterland Frisian iek (I), West Frisian ik (I), Dutch ik (I), Low German ik (I), German ich (I), Bavarian i (I), Yiddish איך(ikh, I), Danish and Norwegian Bokmål jeg (I), Norwegian Nynorsk eg (I), Swedish jag (I), Icelandic ég, eg (I), Gothic 𐌹𐌺 (ik, I), and more remotely with Latin ego (I), Ancient Greek ἐγώ (egṓ, I), Russian я (ja, I), Lithuanian (I), Armenian ես (es, I), Sanskrit अहम् (ahám, I), Hittite 𒌑𒊌 (ūk, I). See also English ich. Doublet of ego and Ich.

PronounEdit

I (first person singular subject personal pronoun, objective me, possessive my, possessive pronoun mine, reflexive myself)

  1. The speaker or writer, referred to as the grammatical subject, of a sentence.
  2. (nonstandard) The speaker or writer, referred to as the grammatical object, of a sentence.
    Mom drove my sister and I to school.
Usage notesEdit
  • The word I is always capitalised in written English. Other forms of the pronoun, such as me and my, follow regular English capitalisation rules.
  • I is the subject (nominative) form, as opposed to me, which is the objective (accusative and dative) form. Me is also used emphatically, like French moi. In some cases there are differing views about which is preferred. For example, the traditional rule followed by some speakers is to use I as the complement of the copula (It is I), but it is now more usual to choose me in this context (It's me).
  • When used in lists, it is often thought better to refer to oneself last. Thus it is more natural to say John and I than I and John. In such lists, the traditional rule is to use the same case form one would choose if there were only one pronoun. Thus, since we say I am happy, we say John and I are happy, but since we say Jenny saw me, so we say Jenny saw John and me. However, one frequently hears John and me are happy, which is traditionally seen as a case error. Similarly, probably as a hypercorrected reaction to this, one can occasionally hear phrases like Jenny saw John and I.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

See I/translations § Pronoun.

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

I (uncountable)

  1. (metaphysics) The ego.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

LetterEdit

I (upper case, lower case i, plural Is or I's)

  1. The ninth letter of the English alphabet, called i and written in the Latin script.
See alsoEdit

NumberEdit

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. The ordinal number ninth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called i and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 3Edit

Abbreviation.

NounEdit

I (countable and uncountable, plural Is)

  1. (US, roadway) Interstate.
  2. (grammar) Abbreviation of instrumental case.
  3. (computing) Abbreviation of instruction.

Etymology 4Edit

InterjectionEdit

I

  1. Obsolete spelling of aye.

ReferencesEdit


AfarEdit

LetterEdit

I (lowercase i)

  1. The ninth letter of the Afar alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

LetterEdit

I upper case (lower case ı)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


BasqueEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. The ninth letter of the Basque alphabet, called i and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse ír, variant of ér, from Proto-Germanic *jūz, from Proto-Indo-European *yū́.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

I (objective jer, possessive jeres)

  1. (personal) you, you all (second person plural)
    I må ikke gå derind!
    You can't go in there!
    • 2014, Diverse forfattere, Fire uger blev til fire år - og andre beretninger, Lindhardt og Ringhof →ISBN
      Og så er der forresten lidt mere med det samme: I må love os een ting. mor og far, I må ikke efterligne os unge! — For gør I det, ja, så kommer I til at se så morsomme ud. — I må ikke prøve på at løbe fra jeres alder, for det kan I alligevel ikke.
      And by the way, there's something else: You must promise us one thing, mum and dad, you may not imitate us young! — For if you do, you will look so funny. — you may not try to run way from your age, for you can't do that anyway.
    • 1981, Mogens Wolstrup, Vild hyben: danske forfattere skriver om jalousi
      Men det er ikke jeres skyld, siger Ditte. I er unge og kloge. I er grimme og fantastisk smukke. I har modet! I er på rette vej med jeres show. Jeg føler med jeres oprør, og måske derfor kunne jeg ikke klare mere. Jeres hud er glat, I er startet i tide.
      But it is not your fault, Ditte says. You are young and intelligent. You are ugly and amazingly beautiful. You have the courage! You are on the right path with your show. I feel with your rebellion, and perhaps for that reason, I couldn't take any more. Your skin is smooth, you started in time.
    • 2011, Per Ullidtz, Absalons Europa, BoD – Books on Demand →ISBN, page 229
      Og lidt senere ”I har hørt at det er sagt: øje for øje og tand for tand. Men jeg siger jer, at I må ikke sætte jer imod det onde; men dersom nogen giver dig et slag på din højre kind, da vend ham også den anden til! ...
      And a little later ”you have heard it said: an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth. But I say to you, you may not resist evil; but if anyone hits you on the right cheek, turn the other towards [whoever hit you]! ...

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

I (capital, lowercase i)

  1. The ninth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See alsoEdit

  • Previous letter: H
  • Next letter: J

EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called i and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


EstonianEdit

 
Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

LetterEdit

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. The ninth letter of the Estonian alphabet, called ii and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


FinnishEdit

LetterEdit

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. The ninth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called ii and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

I

  1. Abbreviation of improbatur.

FrenchEdit

LetterEdit

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. The ninth letter of the French alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. The ninth letter of the German alphabet.

Related termsEdit


HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called i and written in the Latin script.

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative I I-k
accusative I-t I-ket
dative I-nek I-knek
instrumental I-vel I-kkel
causal-final I-ért I-kért
translative I-vé I-kké
terminative I-ig I-kig
essive-formal I-ként I-kként
essive-modal
inessive I-ben I-kben
superessive I-n I-ken
adessive I-nél I-knél
illative I-be I-kbe
sublative I-re I-kre
allative I-hez I-khez
elative I-ből I-kből
delative I-ről I-kről
ablative I-től I-ktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
I-é I-ké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
I-éi I-kéi
Possessive forms of I
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. I-m I-im
2nd person sing. I-d I-id
3rd person sing. I-je I-i
1st person plural I-nk I-ink
2nd person plural I-tek I-itek
3rd person plural I-jük I-ik

See alsoEdit


IdoEdit

LetterEdit

I (lower case i)

  1. The ninth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


IndonesianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. The ninth letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


ItalianEdit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

PronunciationEdit

  • (phoneme; name of letter) IPA(key): /i/
  • (phoneme, when followed by a vowel in the same syllable) IPA(key): /i/

LetterEdit

I m or f (invariable lower case, i)

  1. The ninth letter of the Italian alphabet, called i and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

I

  1. Rōmaji transcription of

LatvianEdit

 
Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

EtymologyEdit

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

PronunciationEdit

(file)

LetterEdit

 
I

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called i and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


MalayEdit

 
Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

PronunciationEdit

  • (Name of letter) IPA(key): [ai̯]
  • (Phoneme) IPA(key): [i]
  • (Phoneme, Closed ultima) IPA(key): [e]

LetterEdit

I

  1. The ninth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English , from Proto-West Germanic *ik, from Proto-Germanic *ek, *ik, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂. More at English I.

Capitalized since 13th century to mark it as a distinct word and prevent misreading.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

I (accusative me, genitive min, genitive determiner mi, min)

  1. I (first-person singular subject pronoun)
    • c. 1395, John Wycliffe, John Purvey [et al.], transl., Bible (Wycliffite Bible (later version), MS Lich 10.)‎[2], published c. 1410, Joon 15:19, page 51v, column 1; republished as Wycliffe's translation of the New Testament, Lichfield: Bill Endres, 2010:
      If ȝe hadden be of þe woꝛld .· þe woꝛld ſchulde loue þat þing þat was his / but foꝛ ȝe ben not of þe woꝛld · but I chees ȝou fro þe woꝛld .· þerfoꝛ þe woꝛld hatiþ ȝou
      If you had been of the world, the world would love that which is its [own]; so the world hates you, because you aren't of the world. Instead I picked you from the world.

DescendantsEdit

  • English: I, ik (obsolete), ich (obsolete)
  • Scots: A, I, ik (rare)
  • Yola: ich

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

I

  1. (dialect) I: a first-person singular personal pronoun
  2. (rare, archaic) ye: a second-person plural nominative pronoun


Norwegian NynorskEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin I.

LetterEdit

I (lower case i, definite singular I-en, indefinite plural I-ar, definite plural I-ane)

  1. The ninth letter of the Norwegian alphabet, called I and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse ek, from Proto-Norse ᛖᚲ (ek), from Proto-Germanic *ek, *ik, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂. The upper case spelling might be an orthographic influence from cognate English I, or as a means to differenciate from native preposition i (in).

Alternative formsEdit

PronounEdit

I (objective me, possessive min)

  1. (dialectal) alternative form of eg (first person singular pronoun)

Etymology 3Edit

Possibly through Danish I. From Old Norse ér, ír, from Proto-Germanic *jūz, from Proto-Indo-European *yū́. Compare with de. The upper case spelling might be explained either by its use as an honorific, or with its plausible Danish origins.

Alternative formsEdit

PronounEdit

I (objective ær or ør or jærs, possessive ærs or ørs or jærs)

  1. (obsolete or dialectal, polite) you (second person singular)
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • “I” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
  • Torp, Alf (1919), “I”, in Nynorsk etymologisk ordbok, Kristiania: Aschehoug, page 240
  • Ivar Aasen (1850), “i”, in Ordbog over det norske Folkesprog, Oslo: Samlaget, published 2000

AnagramsEdit


PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): //i// invalid IPA characters (//)

LetterEdit

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Polish alphabet, called i and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


PortugueseEdit

LetterEdit

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. The ninth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


RomaniEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. (International Standard) The twelfth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (Pan-Vlax) The thirteenth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Romanian alphabet, called i and written in the Latin script.

Usage notesEdit

  • Generally represents the phoneme /i/.
  • Before vowels, this letter usually takes on the sound of /j/
    ianuarie /ja.nuˈa.ri.e/
  • At the ends of words (except verb infinitives, and those ending in a consonant cluster ending in l or r), the letter palatalizes the previous syllable and is "whispered": /ʲ/
    băieți /bəˈjetsʲ/

See alsoEdit


SaanichEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

I

  1. The eleventh letter of the Saanich alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


ScotsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English , from Proto-Germanic *ek, *ik, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.

PronounEdit

I (first person singular, emphatic I)

  1. I
SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

LetterEdit

I

  1. The ninth letter of the Scots alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


Skolt SamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

I (lower case i)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


SloveneEdit

 
Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

I (capital, lowercase i)

  1. The 10th letter of the Slovene alphabet. Preceded by H and followed by J.

SomaliEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ɪ/, /i/
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ʔɪ/

LetterEdit

I upper case (lower case i)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Somali alphabet, called i and written in the Latin script.

Usage notesEdit

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by E and followed by O.

See alsoEdit


SpanishEdit

LetterEdit

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. the ninth letter of the Spanish alphabet

AdjectiveEdit

I

  1. Abbreviation of ilustre.
    La I municipalidad de Valparaíso.

SwedishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

See the etymology at #Translingual.

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. The ninth letter of the Swedish alphabet.

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Swedish ī, īr, from Old Norse ír, variant of ér, from Proto-Germanic *jīz, variant of *jūz, from Proto-Indo-European *yū́.

Alternative formsEdit

PronounEdit

I (personal pronoun)

  1. (archaic) you (second-person plural nominative)
SynonymsEdit
ReferencesEdit
  • Lindström, Fredrik (2010), “Svårt att gissa arslets grundform [Hard to guess the lemma of arslet]”, in Språktidningen[3] (in Swedish), issue 5, retrieved 14 July 2020

TurkishEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

I (upper case, lower case ı)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ı and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called i or i ngắn and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Welsh alphabet, called i or i dot and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by H and followed by J.

MutationEdit

  • I cannot mutate but, being a vowel, does take h-prothesis, for example with the word iwrch (roe deer):
Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
iwrch unchanged unchanged hiwrch
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), chapter I, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

YorubaEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. The tenth letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called í and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


ZuluEdit

LetterEdit

I (upper case, lower case i)

  1. The ninth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit