nedēļa

LatvianEdit

 nedēļa on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Nedēļa (1)

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Old East Slavic недѣлꙗ (nedělja, Sunday, holiday, week) (cf. Russian неде́ля (nedélja)); the same Old East Slavic word was borrowed by other local languages (cf. Estonian nädal, Livonian nädíl, Latgalian nedeļa). The original Slavic meaning was “Sunday”, literally “non-working [day] (cf. Russian де́лать (délatʹ, to do)). Given its form, the word was probably borrowed before the 13th century, even though its first occurrences, already in its modern form, are in 17th-century dictionaries.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

nedēļa f (4th declension)

  1. week (seven-day period from Monday to Sunday)
    katru nedēļuevery week
    divas reizes nedēļātwice a week
    pagājušajā nedēļālast week
    smaga darba nedēļaa heavy work week
    nedēļas avīzeweekly newspaper
    nedēļas tirgusweekly market
    Kalvics jau nedēļas sākumā papļāva drusku sienaat the beginning of the week, Kalvics was already mowing some hay
  2. week (any seven-day period, regardless of its beginning or end)
    jau nedēļu neesmu tur bijisI haven't been there for a week
    nedēļu ilgs atvaļinājumsa one-week vacation
    viņa paauklēja uz rokām bērniņu, kurš bija ļoti sīciņš, varbūt vēl tik dažas nedēļas vecsshe was nursing a baby that was really very small, maybe only a couple of weeks old
  3. (dated sense, only plural) post-partum, post-natal period
    Annai uznāca nedēļasAnna is in (her) post-partum period

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

(days of the week) nedēļas dienas; pirmdiena, otrdiena, trešdiena, ceturtdiena, piektdiena, sestdiena, svētdiena (Category: lv:Days of the week)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992) , “nedēļa”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN