See also: odzē

Contents

LatvianEdit

 odze on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Odze

Alternative formsEdit

  • (dialectal form) odzs

EtymologyEdit

Originally the 5th-declension parallel (analogical) form of an earlier 6th-declension (feminine i-stem) form *odzis (cf. dialectal odzs), from Proto-Baltic *angis, from Proto-Indo-European *angʷʰi-, *h₂éngʷʰis (snake, worm). Cognates include Lithuanian angìs, Old Prussian angis (snake), Proto-Slavic *ǫžь (snake) (Russian уж (, grass snake), Belarusian, Ukrainian вуж (vuž), Czech užovka (adder), Polish wąż (snake)), Sanskrit अहिः (áhiḥ, snake), Old Armenian իժ (, viper), Ancient Greek ἔχις (ékhis), ὄφις (óphis, snake) (< *ogʷhis), Latin anguis (snake, dragon).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

odze f (5th declension)

  1. viper, adder (poisonous snake with triangular head, especially Vipera berus)
    odze ir vienīgā indīgā čūska Latvijāthe viper is the only poisonous snake in Latvia
    krāsa odzei ļoti variē: pelēcīgi brūna, sarkanīgi brūna, zaļganīgi brūna vai dzeltenīgi brūnathe color of the viper varies a lot: grayish brown, reddish brown, greenish brown or yellowish brown
  2. (figuratively) bad, evil person
    “ak tu, odze!” Kaspars dusmās grieza zobusoh, you, viper! Kaspars gnashed his teeth in anger

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “odze”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7