English edit

Alternative forms edit

  • (abbreviation, grammar): opt.

Etymology edit

From Middle French optatif, from Late Latin optātīvus, a calque of Ancient Greek εὐκτική (euktikḗ, related to wishing), from Latin optātus, past participle of optāre.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɒptətɪv/, /ɒpˈteɪtɪv/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: op‧ta‧tive
  • Rhymes: -eɪtɪv

Adjective edit

optative (not comparable)

  1. Expressing a wish or a choice.
    • a. 1662 (date written), Thomas Fuller, The History of the Worthies of England, London: [] J[ohn] G[rismond,] W[illiam] L[eybourne] and W[illiam] G[odbid], published 1662, →OCLC:
      an optative blessing
    • 1996, David Foster Wallace, Infinite Jest [], Boston, Mass., New York, N.Y.: Little, Brown and Company, →ISBN, page 64:
      [] then, in the optative retirement from hard science that building and opening a U.S.T.A-accredited and pedagogically experimental tennis academy apparently represented for him []
  2. (grammar) Related or pertaining to the optative mood.

Related terms edit

Translations edit

Noun edit

optative (plural optatives)

  1. (grammar) A mood of verbs found in some languages (e.g. Sanskrit, Old Prussian, and Ancient Greek, but not English), used to express a wish.
  2. (grammar) A verb or expression in the optative mood.

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

See also edit

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit


  1. feminine singular of optatif

Latin edit

Adjective edit


  1. vocative masculine singular of optātīvus