From Middle English mood, mode, mod, from Old English mōd (“heart, mind, spirit, mood, temper; courage; arrogance, pride; power, violence”), from Proto-Germanic *mōdą, *mōdaz (“sense, courage, zeal, anger”), from Proto-Indo-European *mō-, *mē- (“endeavour, will, temper”). Cognate with Scots mude, muid (“mood, courage, spirit, temper, disposition”), Saterland Frisian Moud (“courage”), West Frisian moed (“mind, spirit, courage, will, intention”), Dutch moed (“courage, bravery, heart, valor”), Low German Mōt, Mūt (“mind, heart, courage”), German Mut (“courage, braveness, heart, spirit”), Swedish mod (“courage, heart, bravery”), Icelandic móður (“wrath, grief, moodiness”), Latin mōs (“will, humour, wont, inclination, mood”), Russian сметь (smetʹ, “to dare, venture”).
mood (plural moods)
- A mental or emotional state, composure.
- I've been in a bad mood since I dumped my boyfriend.
- A sullen mental state; a bad mood.
- He's in a mood with me today.
- A disposition to do something.
- I'm not in the mood for running today.
- A prevalent atmosphere or feeling.
- A good politician senses the mood of the crowd.
- (obsolete, Northern England, Scotland) Courage, heart, valor, ; also vim and vigor.
- He fought with mood in many a bloody slaught.
- He tried to lift the fallen tree with all his main and mood, but couldn't.
- 1440, O lord omnipotentː
- She blew her horn, with main and mood.
- Adjectives often used with "mood": good, bad. The phrase "with main and mood" means "with all one's might".
- (mental or emotional state): composure, humor/humour, spirits, temperament
- (bad mood): huff (informal), pet, temper
- (disposition to do something): frame of mind
- (bad mood): good humour, good mood, good spirits
Alteration of mode
mood (plural moods)
- (grammar) A verb form that depends on how its containing clause relates to the speaker’s or writer’s wish, intent, or assertion about reality.
- The most common mood in English is the indicative.
- See also Wikisaurus:grammatical mood