Contents

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Ancient Greek πέλαγος (pélagos).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pelagus n (genitive pelagī); second declension

  1. the sea
    • Letter attributed to Pope Callixtus II:
      In pelagis multarum aquarum crebro cecidi, proximus morti, et evasit codex minime infectus, me exeunte.
    • 17th century, Aristotealoys problematon tmema to ie, p. 179:
      Quae tamen tolli potest, si dixerimus, comparata aqua in pelagis, id est in medio maris, sed in superficie, cum aqua in profundo medii maris, verissimus esse; [...]
  2. (rare) the plain, especially in the Aeneid

InflectionEdit

Second declension, nominative/accusative/vocative in -us.

Case Singular Plural
nominative pelagus pelagē
genitive pelagī pelagōrum
dative pelagō pelagīs
accusative pelagus pelagē
ablative pelagō pelagīs
vocative pelagus pelagē
  • In general, pelagus is used only in the singular. Rarely, the nominative/accusative/vocative plural form pelagē occurs, borrowed from the Greek original. Likewise rare is the dative/ablative plural pelagīs.
  • There is also accusative singular pelagum, which implies masculine gender. This would have nominative and vocative plural *pelagī and accusative plural *pelagōs instead of pelagē.
  • The Ancient Greek genitive plural is πελαγῶν (pelagôn), while the Latin second declension genitive plural ends in -ōrum or contracted in -ûm (also spelled -um).

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit