EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English mare, mere, from Old English mīere (female horse, mare), from Proto-West Germanic *marhijā, from Proto-Germanic *marhijō (female horse), from *marhaz (horse).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mare (plural mares)

  1. An adult female horse.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], OCLC 752825175:
      But then I had the [massive] flintlock by me for protection. ¶ [] The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window at the old mare feeding in the meadow below by the brook, and a 'bead' could be drawn upon Molly, the dairymaid, kissing the fogger behind the hedge, [].
  2. (UK, derogatory, slang) A foolish woman.
    • 2007, Hester Browne, Little Lady, Big Apple:
      The silly mare phoned your mother, talking about applying for a mortgage, and we don't want that, do we?
AntonymsEdit
Coordinate termsEdit
  • (adult female horse): foal (young horse), colt (young male horse) and filly (young female horse); pony can refer to adult horses of either sex under a certain height.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old English mare (nightmare, monster), from Proto-West Germanic *marā, from Proto-Germanic *marǭ (nightmare, incubus), from Proto-Indo-European *mor- (feminine evil spirit). Doublet of mara.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mare (plural mares)

  1. (obsolete or historical) A type of evil spirit formerly thought to sit on the chest of a sleeping person; also, the feeling of suffocation felt during sleep, attributed to such a spirit.
  2. (UK, colloquial) (Clipping of nightmare) A nightmare; a frustrating or terrible experience.
    I'm having a complete mare today.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Borrowed from Latin mare (sea). Doublet of mar and mere.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mare (plural maria)

  1. (planetology) A large, dark plain, which may have the appearance of a sea.
  2. (planetology) On Saturn's moon Titan, any of several lakes which are large expanses of what is thought to be liquid hydrocarbons.
    Kraken Mare (a lake of liquid hydrocarbons on Titan which is slightly larger than the Caspian Sea)
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

See mayor.

NounEdit

mare (plural mares)

  1. Obsolete form of mayor.
  2. Obsolete form of mair.

AnagramsEdit


AfarEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /mʌˈɾe/
  • Hyphenation: ma‧re

NounEdit

maré f (singulative maréyta m or mareytá f)

  1. family, relationship

DeclensionEdit

Declension of maré
absolutive maré
predicative maré
subjective maré
genitive maré
Postpositioned forms
l-case marél
k-case marék
t-case marét
h-case maréh

VerbEdit

maré

  1. (Northern Afar, intransitive) live
  2. (Northern Afar, intransitive) continue

ConjugationEdit

    Conjugation of mare (type II verb)
1st singular 2nd singular 3rd singular 1st plural 2nd plural 3rd plural
m f
perfective V-affirmative maréh martéh maréh martéh marréh marteeníh mareeníh
N-affirmative maré marté maré marté marré martén marén
negative mámarinniyo mámarinnito mámarinna mámarinna mámarinnino mámarinniton mámarinnon
imperfective V-affirmative maráh martáh maráh martáh marráh martaanáh maraanáh
N-affirmative mará martá mará martá marrá martán marán
negative mámara mámarta mámara mámarta mámarra mámartan mámaran
prospective V-affirmative maréliyoh
maréyyoh
marélitoh
maréttoh
maréleh maréleh marélinoh
marénnoh
marélitoonuh
maréttoonuh
maréloonuh
N-affirmative maréliyo
maréyyo
marélito
marétto
maréle maréle marélino
marénno
maréliton
marétton
marélon
conjunctive I V-affirmative máruh mártuh máruh mártuh máruh martóonuh maróonuh
N-affirmative máru mártu máru mártu máru martón marón
negative maré wáyuh maré wáytuh maré wáyuh maré wáytuh maré wáynuh maré waytóonuh maré wóonuh
conjunctive II V-affirmative maránkeh martánkeh maránkeh martánkeh marránkeh martaanánkeh maraanánkeh
N-affirmative maránke martánke maránke martánke marránke martaanánke maraanánke
negative maré wáankeh maré waytánkeh maré wáankeh maré waytánkeh maré waynánkeh maré waytaanánkeh maré wáankeh
jussive affirmative máray mártay máray mártay máray martóonay maróonay
negative maré wáay maré wáytay maré wáay maré wáytay maré wáynay maré waytóonay maré wóonay
past
conditional
affirmative marinniyóy marinnitóy marinnáy marinnáy marinninóy marinnitoonúy marinnoonúy
negative maré wanniyóy maré wannitóy maré wannáy maré wannáy maré wanninóy maré wannitoonúy maré wanninoonúy
present
conditional I
affirmative marék marték marék marték marrék marteeník mareeník
negative maré wéek maré wayték maré wéek maré wayték maré waynék maré wayteeník maré weeník
singular plural singular plural
consultative affirmative maróo marróo imperative affirmative már mára
negative mamaróo mamarróo negative mámarin mámarina
-h converb -i form -k converb -in(n)uh converb -innuk converb infinitive indefinite participle
V-focus N-focus
márah mári márak marínnuh marínnuk maríyya marináanih marináan
Compound tenses
past perfect affirmative perfective + perfective of én or sugé
present perfect affirmative perfective + imperfective of én
future perfect affirmative perfective + prospective of sugé
past progressive -k converb + imperfective of én or sugé
present progressive affirmative imperfect + imperfective of én
future progressive -k converb + prospective of sugé
immediate future affirmative conjunctive I + imperfective of wée
imperfect potential I affirmative conjunctive I + imperfective of takké
imperfect
potential II
affirmative imperfective + -m + takké
negative maré + imperfective of wée + -m + takké
perfect
potential
affirmative perfective + -m + takké
negative maré + perfective of wée + -m + takké
present
conditional II
affirmative imperfective + object pronoun + tekkék
negative maré + perfective of wée + object pronoun + tekkék
perfect
conditional
affirmative perfective + imperfective of sugé + -k
negative perfective + sugé + imperfective of wée -k
irrealis maré + perfective of xaaxé or raaré

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985), “mare”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[1], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis)

AlbanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Plurale tantum; plural of variant marë, borrowed through Vulgar Latin from Latin marum (cat thyme, kind of sage).

NounEdit

mare f (definite singular marja)

  1. strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo)
  2. strawberry tree fruit

Derived termsEdit


AromanianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

mare

  1. Alternative form of mari

Bikol CentralEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: ma‧re
  • IPA(key): /ˈmaɾe/

VerbEdit

máre

  1. Misspelling of mari.

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Catalan mare, from Latin māter, mātrem, from Proto-Italic *mātēr, from Proto-Indo-European *méh₂tēr. Compare Occitan maire, French mère, Spanish madre.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mare f (plural mares)

  1. mother
    mare subrogadasurrogate mother

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


CorsicanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin mare.

NounEdit

mare m

  1. sea

DanishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse mara.

NounEdit

mare c (singular definite maren, plural indefinite marer)

  1. (folklore) a mare (an evil spirit)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch mâre, from Old Dutch māri, from Proto-West Germanic *mārī (story).

NounEdit

mare f (plural maren, diminutive maartje n)

  1. (archaic) message, report, story
    Synonyms: bericht, tijding, verslag, verhaal
  2. (archaic) rumor
    Synonym: gerucht
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Probably from Medieval Latin mara (standing water), from Latin mare (sea). Related to German Maar.

NounEdit

mare f (plural maren, diminutive maartje n)

  1. depression in non-volcanic stone, compare maar

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle Dutch māre (incubus), from Old Dutch *mara, from Proto-West Germanic *marā, from Proto-Germanic *marǭ.

NounEdit

mare f (plural mares, diminutive maartje n)

  1. a nocturnal monster or spirit that torments its victims while they are sleeping
  2. nightmare
  3. witch
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

mare

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of maren

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French mare, from Old French mare, from Old Norse marr (lake, sea, pool), from Proto-Germanic *mari (lake, sea), from Proto-Indo-European *móri. Doublet of mer inherited from the Indo-European.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mare f (plural mares)

  1. puddle
  2. pool

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


IndonesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Learned borrowing from Latin mare (sea).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈmarə]
  • Hyphenation: ma‧rê

NounEdit

marê (first-person possessive mareku, second-person possessive maremu, third-person possessive marenya)

  1. (astronomy, planetology) A large, dark plain, which may have the appearance of a sea.

Further readingEdit


IstriotEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin mare.

NounEdit

mare

  1. sea
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 99:
      Cume li va puleîto in alto mare!
      How they row well on the high seas!
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin māter.

NounEdit

mare f

  1. mother

See alsoEdit


ItalianEdit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin mare, from Proto-Italic *mari, from Proto-Indo-European *móri.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mare m (plural mari)

  1. sea

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

mare

  1. Rōmaji transcription of まれ

LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Italic *mari, from Proto-Indo-European *móri.

NounEdit

mare n (genitive maris); third declension

  1. sea
    • c. 270 BCEc. 201 BCE, Gnaeus Naevius, Bellum Punicum , (fragment in Priscian, Institutiones Grammaticae, 7, De genetivo plurali tertiae declinationis):
      Neptunum regnatorem marum
      Neptune, ruler of the seas
    • 100 BCE – 44 BCE, Julius Caesar, De Bello Gallico 5.1:
      [facit...] ad onera ac multitudinem iumentorum transportandam paulo latiores quam quibus in reliquis utimur maribus.
      In order to transport cargo and beasts of burden, he [Julius Caesar] had them made a little wider than the ones we use in other seas.
    • 13th c., Roger Bacon, Secretum Secretorum 2.29 (De preparacione carnum viperarum sive serpentum et draconum):
      Et oportet ut alienentur cornute et varie et aspides declines ad albedinem. Et non capiantur ex piscinis vel litoribus fluviorum et aquarum vel marium, vel de petrosis, quoniam in eis sunt quercine, facientes sitim, immo capiantur in loco longinquo ab humorositate.
    • 1921, Joseph Pope, George Monro Grant, Canada's official motto :
      a marī usque ad mare
      from sea to sea
DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun (neuter, “pure” i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mare maria
Genitive maris *marium
marum
Dative marī maribus
Accusative mare maria
Ablative marī
mare
maribus
Vocative mare maria
  • The ablative singular can be marī or mare.
  • The genitive plural form *marium, although regularly formed for an i-stem noun, is not attested in the corpus of classical texts. Marum is found only once, in a line from Gnaeus Naevius.
  • The 5th/6th-century grammarian Priscian (Institutiones 7) says it is rarely used in the genitive plural, noting Caesar's use of maribus too. Similarly, the 4th-century grammarian Charisius claims it lacks both a genitive plural *marium and a *maribus form (but see the quotation from Julius Caesar above):

    "maria" tamen quamvis dicantur pluraliter, attamen nec "marium" nec "maribus" dicemus
    — although maria can be said in the plural, nevertheless we won't say marium nor maribus (Ars 1.11).

SynonymsEdit
HyponymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Balkan Romance:
    • Aromanian: amari, amare, mari
    • Istro-Romanian: måre
    • Megleno-Romanian: mari
    • Romanian: mare f
  • Gallo-Italic:
  • Italo-Dalmatian:
  • Navarro-Aragonese:
  • Old French: mer f
  • Old Leonese: *mar
  • Old Occitan: mar
    • Catalan: mar m or f
    • Occitan: mar
  • Old Portuguese: mar m
    • Galician: mar m
    • Portuguese: mar m (see there for further descendants)
  • Old Spanish: mar
  • Rhaeto-Romance:
  • Venetian: mar
  • English: mare
  • Esperanto: maro
  • Interlingua: mar
  • Interlingue: mare

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

mare

  1. ablative singular of mās

ReferencesEdit

  • mare in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mare in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers

AnagramsEdit


MarauEdit

NounEdit

mare

  1. water

ReferencesEdit

  • The Linguistic Situation in the Islands of Yapen, Kurudu, Nau and Miosnum, New Guinea (1961)

Middle DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Dutch *māri, from Proto-West Germanic *mārī.

AdjectiveEdit

mâre

  1. famous, famed
  2. honoured, prestigious
  3. well-known
InflectionEdit

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Dutch māri, from Proto-Germanic *mēriją, related to Etymology 1 above.

NounEdit

mâre f

  1. fame, famousness
  2. rumour
  3. message
InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Dutch *mara, from Proto-West Germanic *marā.

NounEdit

māre ?

  1. mare, nightmare (evil spirit)
InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit


MungguiEdit

NounEdit

mare

  1. water

ReferencesEdit

  • The Linguistic Situation in the Islands of Yapen, Kurudu, Nau and Miosnum, New Guinea (1961)

NeapolitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin mare.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mare

  1. sea (a vast mass of salty water)

NormanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French mare.

NounEdit

mare f (plural mares)

  1. (France, Guernsey) pool

Northern SothoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *màtáì.

NounEdit

mare

  1. saliva

Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse mara.

NounEdit

mare f or m (definite singular mara or maren, indefinite plural marer, definite plural marene)

  1. (folklore) a mare (an evil spirit)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse mara f.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

mare f (definite singular mara, indefinite plural marer, definite plural marene)

  1. (folklore) a mare (an evil spirit)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse merja (to crush).

Alternative formsEdit

  • mara (split or a-infinitive)

VerbEdit

mare (present tense marar, past tense mara, past participle mara, passive infinitive marast, present participle marande, imperative mare/mar)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *marā.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mare f (nominative plural maran)

  1. mare (evil spirit thought to torment people in their sleep)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch mare (phantom, spirit).

AdjectiveEdit

mare m (oblique and nominative feminine singular mare)

  1. evil; bad

AdverbEdit

mare

  1. evilly; badly

PaliEdit

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

mare

  1. singular optative active of marati (to die)

PapumaEdit

NounEdit

mare

  1. water

ReferencesEdit

  • The Linguistic Situation in the Islands of Yapen, Kurudu, Nau and Miosnum, New Guinea (1961)

PortugueseEdit

VerbEdit

mare

  1. inflection of marar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Several theories exist. One possibility is Latin maiōrem, masculine and feminine accusative singular of maiōr (bigger), irregularly clipped before the [j] → [d͡ʒ] sound change (the regular form would be *măjoare). Compare also Dalmatian maur (large). Another proposed etymology is Latin marem, accusative of mās (male, man) (however, the reason for the shift in meaning or the exact semantic development is uncertain; it may be because men are generally larger than women, or from a crossing with magnus, or more likely from use in idiomatic expressions (with equivalents found in many languages) such as s-a făcut mare, which can mean "he has grown up/grown older/become a man or adult", and this may have been eventually extended to mean "he/she has grown bigger", with the sense of the word shifting from "man/adult" to "big"). Less likely is the influence from mare (sea)[1]. Also found in Aromanian and Megleno-Romanian as mari (big, large).

AdjectiveEdit

mare m or f or n (plural mari)

  1. big, large, great
    Antonym: mic
    O mare mare.A big sea.
  2. great, mighty
    Un om mare.A great man.
InflectionEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin mare, from Proto-Italic *mari, from Proto-Indo-European *móri.

NounEdit

mare f (plural mări)

  1. sea
    Când am mers la mare, am înotat un pic și mai târziu am prins un pește mare.
    When I went to sea, I swam a little and later caught a big fish.
DeclensionEdit
Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


SardinianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • mari (Campidanese)

EtymologyEdit

From Latin mare. Compare Italian mare.

NounEdit

mare m (plural mares)

  1. sea

SonsoroleseEdit

NounEdit

mare

  1. boy

TagalogEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Final clipping of kumare, from komadre.

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: ma‧re
  • IPA(key): /ˈmaɾe/, [ˈmɐ.ɾe]

NounEdit

mare (Baybayin spelling ᜋᜇᜒ)

  1. (slang) close female friend; sister
    Ano'ng tsika, mare?
    What's the buzz, sister?
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:kaibigan
    Coordinate terms: brad, pare, tol

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • mare” in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila: Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino, 2018.
  • Zorc, R. David; San Miguel, Rachel (1993) Tagalog Slang Dictionary[2], Manila: De La Salle University Press, →ISBN

TahitianEdit

NounEdit

mare

  1. (archaic) cough

Usage notesEdit

Use hota.


VendaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *màtáì.

NounEdit

mare

  1. saliva

VenetianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin mater.

NounEdit

mare f (invariable)

  1. mother

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin mare.

NounEdit

mare

  1. sea

ZazakiEdit

 
Zazaki Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia zza

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Arabic مارا‎.

NounEdit

mare ?

  1. marriage