English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English mare, mere, from Old English mīere (female horse, mare), from Proto-West Germanic *marhijā, from Proto-Germanic *marhijō (female horse), from *marhaz (horse).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

mare (plural mares)

  1. An adult female horse.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], →OCLC:
      But then I had the [massive] flintlock by me for protection. ¶ [] The linen-press and a chest on the top of it formed, however, a very good gun-carriage; and, thus mounted, aim could be taken out of the window at the old mare feeding in the meadow below by the brook, and a 'bead' could be drawn upon Molly, the dairymaid, kissing the fogger behind the hedge, [].
  2. (UK, derogatory, slang) A foolish woman.
    • 2007, Hester Browne, Little Lady, Big Apple:
      The silly mare phoned your mother, talking about applying for a mortgage, and we don't want that, do we?
Antonyms edit
Coordinate terms edit
  • (adult female horse): foal (young horse), colt (young male horse) and filly (young female horse); pony can refer to adult horses of either sex under a certain height.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Old English mare (nightmare, monster), from Proto-West Germanic *marā, from Proto-Germanic *marǭ (nightmare, incubus), from Proto-Indo-European *mor- (feminine evil spirit). Doublet of mara.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

mare (plural mares)

  1. (obsolete or historical) A type of evil spirit formerly thought to sit on the chest of a sleeping person; also, the feeling of suffocation felt during sleep, attributed to such a spirit.
  2. (UK, Ireland, Commonwealth, colloquial) A nightmare; a frustrating or terrible experience.
    I'm having a complete mare today.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 3 edit

Borrowed from Latin mare (sea). Doublet of mar and mere.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

mare (plural maria)

  1. (planetology) A large, dark plain, which may have the appearance of a sea, such as those on the Moon
  2. (planetology) On Saturn's moon Titan, any of several lakes which are large expanses of what is thought to be liquid hydrocarbons.
    Kraken Mare (a lake of liquid hydrocarbons on Titan which is slightly larger than the Caspian Sea)
Translations edit

Etymology 4 edit

See mayor.

Noun edit

mare (plural mares)

  1. Obsolete form of mayor.
  2. Obsolete form of mair.

Anagrams edit

Afar edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /maˈre/, [mʌˈɾɛ]
  • Hyphenation: ma‧re

Noun edit

maré f (singulative maréyta m or mareytá f)

  1. family, relationship

Declension edit

Declension of maré
absolutive maré
predicative maré
subjective maré
genitive maré
Postpositioned forms
l-case marél
k-case marék
t-case marét
h-case maréh

Verb edit

maré

  1. (Northern Afar, intransitive) live
  2. (Northern Afar, intransitive) continue

Conjugation edit

    Conjugation of mare (type II verb)
1st singular 2nd singular 3rd singular 1st plural 2nd plural 3rd plural
m f
perfective V-affirmative maréh martéh maréh martéh marréh marteeníh mareeníh
N-affirmative maré marté maré marté marré martén marén
negative mámarinniyo mámarinnito mámarinna mámarinna mámarinnino mámarinniton mámarinnon
imperfective V-affirmative maráh martáh maráh martáh marráh martaanáh maraanáh
N-affirmative mará martá mará martá marrá martán marán
negative mámara mámarta mámara mámarta mámarra mámartan mámaran
prospective V-affirmative maréliyoh
maréyyoh
marélitoh
maréttoh
maréleh maréleh marélinoh
marénnoh
marélitoonuh
maréttoonuh
maréloonuh
N-affirmative maréliyo
maréyyo
marélito
marétto
maréle maréle marélino
marénno
maréliton
marétton
marélon
conjunctive I V-affirmative máruh mártuh máruh mártuh máruh martóonuh maróonuh
N-affirmative máru mártu máru mártu máru martón marón
negative maré wáyuh maré wáytuh maré wáyuh maré wáytuh maré wáynuh maré waytóonuh maré wóonuh
conjunctive II V-affirmative maránkeh martánkeh maránkeh martánkeh marránkeh martaanánkeh maraanánkeh
N-affirmative maránke martánke maránke martánke marránke martaanánke maraanánke
negative maré wáankeh maré waytánkeh maré wáankeh maré waytánkeh maré waynánkeh maré waytaanánkeh maré wáankeh
jussive affirmative máray mártay máray mártay máray martóonay maróonay
negative maré wáay maré wáytay maré wáay maré wáytay maré wáynay maré waytóonay maré wóonay
past
conditional
affirmative marinniyóy marinnitóy marinnáy marinnáy marinninóy marinnitoonúy marinnoonúy
negative maré wanniyóy maré wannitóy maré wannáy maré wannáy maré wanninóy maré wannitoonúy maré wanninoonúy
present
conditional I
affirmative marék marték marék marték marrék marteeník mareeník
negative maré wéek maré wayték maré wéek maré wayték maré waynék maré wayteeník maré weeník
singular plural singular plural
consultative affirmative maróo marróo imperative affirmative már mára
negative mamaróo mamarróo negative mámarin mámarina
-h converb -i form -k converb -in(n)uh converb -innuk converb infinitive indefinite participle
V-focus N-focus
márah mári márak marínnuh marínnuk maríyya marináanih marináan
Compound tenses
past perfect affirmative perfective + perfective of én or sugé
present perfect affirmative perfective + imperfective of én
future perfect affirmative perfective + prospective of sugé
past progressive -k converb + imperfective of én or sugé
present progressive affirmative imperfect + imperfective of én
future progressive -k converb + prospective of sugé
immediate future affirmative conjunctive I + imperfective of wée
imperfect potential I affirmative conjunctive I + imperfective of takké
imperfect
potential II
affirmative imperfective + -m + takké
negative maré + imperfective of wée + -m + takké
perfect
potential
affirmative perfective + -m + takké
negative maré + perfective of wée + -m + takké
present
conditional II
affirmative imperfective + object pronoun + tekkék
negative maré + perfective of wée + object pronoun + tekkék
perfect
conditional
affirmative perfective + imperfective of sugé + -k
negative perfective + sugé + imperfective of wée -k
irrealis maré + perfective of xaaxé or raaré

Related terms edit

References edit

  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985), “mare”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[3], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis)

Albanian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Plurale tantum; plural of variant marë, borrowed through Vulgar Latin from Latin marum (cat thyme, kind of sage).

Noun edit

mare f (definite marja)

  1. strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo)
  2. strawberry tree fruit

Derived terms edit

Aromanian edit

Adjective edit

mare

  1. Alternative form of mari

Bikol Central edit

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: ma‧re
  • IPA(key): /ˈmaɾe/, [ˈma.ɾe]

Verb edit

máre

  1. Misspelling of mari.

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

From Old Catalan mare, from Latin māter, mātrem, from Proto-Italic *mātēr, from Proto-Indo-European *méh₂tēr. Compare Occitan maire, French mère, Spanish madre.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

mare f (plural mares)

  1. mother
    mare subrogadasurrogate mother
  2. uterus (of an animal)
    Synonym: úter
  3. (by analogy) main course of a river or canal; channel
  4. (Mallorca, playground games) home

Derived terms edit

References edit

Corsican edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin mare.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

mare m

  1. sea

Further reading edit

  • mare” in INFCOR: Banca di dati di a lingua corsa

Danish edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology edit

From Old Norse mara.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

mare c (singular definite maren, plural indefinite marer)

  1. (folklore) a mare (an evil spirit)

Declension edit

Related terms edit

References edit

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Dutch mâre, from Old Dutch māri, from Proto-West Germanic *mārī (story).

Noun edit

mare f (plural maren, diminutive maartje n)

  1. (archaic) message, report, story
    Synonyms: bericht, tijding, verslag, verhaal
  2. (archaic) rumor
    Synonym: gerucht
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Probably from Medieval Latin mara (standing water), from Latin mare (sea). Related to German Maar.

Noun edit

mare f (plural maren, diminutive maartje n)

  1. depression in non-volcanic stone, compare maar

Etymology 3 edit

From Middle Dutch māre (incubus), from Old Dutch *mara, from Proto-West Germanic *marā, from Proto-Germanic *marǭ.

Noun edit

mare f (plural mares, diminutive maartje n)

  1. a nocturnal monster or spirit that torments its victims while they are sleeping
  2. nightmare
  3. witch
Derived terms edit

Etymology 4 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

mare

  1. (dated or formal) singular present subjunctive of maren

Anagrams edit

French edit

Etymology edit

From Middle French mare, from Old French mare, from Old Norse marr (lake, sea, pool), from Proto-Germanic *mari (lake, sea), from Proto-Indo-European *móri. Doublet of mer inherited from the Indo-European.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

mare f (plural mares)

  1. puddle
  2. pool

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Latin mare (sea).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈmarə]
  • Hyphenation: ma‧rê

Noun edit

marê (first-person possessive mareku, second-person possessive maremu, third-person possessive marenya)

  1. (astronomy, planetology) A large, dark plain, which may have the appearance of a sea.

Further reading edit

Istriot edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin mare.

Noun edit

mare

  1. sea
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 99:
      Cume li va puleîto in alto mare!
      How they row well on the high seas!
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin māter.

Noun edit

mare f

  1. mother

See also edit

Italian edit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it
 
 

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin mare, from Proto-Italic *mari, from Proto-Indo-European *móri.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

mare m (plural mari)

  1. sea

Related terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • mare in Collins Italian-English Dictionary
  • mare in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams edit

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

mare

  1. Rōmaji transcription of まれ

Latin edit

 
Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la
 
mare

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Italic *mari, from Proto-Indo-European *móri.

Noun edit

mare n (genitive maris); third declension

  1. sea
    • c. 270 BCEc. 201 BCE, Gnaeus Naevius, Bellum Punicum , (fragment in Priscian, Institutiones Grammaticae, 7, De genetivo plurali tertiae declinationis):
      Neptunum regnatorem marum
      Neptune, ruler of the seas
    • 100 BCE – 44 BCE, Julius Caesar, De Bello Gallico 5.1:
      [facit...] ad onera ac multitudinem iumentorum transportandam paulo latiores quam quibus in reliquis utimur maribus.
      In order to transport cargo and beasts of burden, he [Julius Caesar] had them made a little wider than the ones we use in other seas.
    • 13th c., Roger Bacon, Secretum Secretorum 2.29 (De preparacione carnum viperarum sive serpentum et draconum):
      Et oportet ut alienentur cornute et varie et aspides declines ad albedinem. Et non capiantur ex piscinis vel litoribus fluviorum et aquarum vel marium, vel de petrosis, quoniam in eis sunt quercine, facientes sitim, immo capiantur in loco longinquo ab humorositate.
    • 1921, Joseph Pope, George Monro Grant, Canada's official motto :
      a marī usque ad mare
      from sea to sea
Declension edit

Third-declension noun (neuter, “pure” i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mare maria
Genitive maris marium
marum
Dative marī maribus
Accusative mare maria
Ablative marī
mare
maribus
Vocative mare maria
  • The ablative singular can be marī or mare.
  • The genitive plural form marium, although regularly formed for an i-stem noun, is not attested in the corpus of classical texts. Marum is found only once, in a line from Gnaeus Naevius.
  • The 5th/6th-century grammarian Priscian (Institutiones 7) says it is rarely used in the genitive plural, noting Caesar's use of maribus too. Similarly, the 4th-century grammarian Charisius claims it lacks both a genitive plural *marium and a *maribus form (but see the quotation from Julius Caesar above):

    "maria" tamen quamvis dicantur pluraliter, attamen nec "marium" nec "maribus" dicemus
    — although maria can be said in the plural, nevertheless we won't say marium nor maribus (Ars 1.11).

Synonyms edit
Hyponyms edit
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Balkan Romance:
    • Aromanian: amari, amare, mari
    • Istro-Romanian: måre
    • Megleno-Romanian: mari
    • Romanian: mare f
  • Gallo-Italic:
  • Italo-Dalmatian:
  • Navarro-Aragonese:
  • Old French: mer f
  • Old Leonese: *mar
  • Old Occitan: mar
    • Catalan: mar m or f
    • Occitan: mar
  • Old Galician-Portuguese: mar m
    • Galician: mar m
    • Portuguese: mar m (see there for further descendants)
  • Old Spanish: mar
  • Rhaeto-Romance:
  • Venetian: mar
  • English: mare
  • Esperanto: maro
  • Interlingua: mar
  • Interlingue: mare

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

mare

  1. ablative singular of mās

References edit

  • mare in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mare in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers

Anagrams edit

Marau edit

Noun edit

mare

  1. water

References edit

  • The Linguistic Situation in the Islands of Yapen, Kurudu, Nau and Miosnum, New Guinea (1961)

Middle Dutch edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Dutch *māri, from Proto-West Germanic *mārī.

Adjective edit

mâre

  1. famous, famed
  2. honoured, prestigious
  3. well-known
Inflection edit

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Dutch māri, from Proto-Germanic *mēriją, related to Etymology 1 above.

Noun edit

mâre f

  1. fame, famousness
  2. rumour
  3. message
Inflection edit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants edit

Etymology 3 edit

From Old Dutch *mara, from Proto-West Germanic *marā.

Noun edit

māre ?

  1. mare, nightmare (evil spirit)
Inflection edit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

Munggui edit

Noun edit

mare

  1. water

References edit

  • The Linguistic Situation in the Islands of Yapen, Kurudu, Nau and Miosnum, New Guinea (1961)

Neapolitan edit

Etymology edit

From Latin mare.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

mare ?

  1. sea (a vast mass of salty water)

Norman edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old French mare.

Noun edit

mare f (plural mares)

  1. (France, Guernsey) pool

Northern Sotho edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *màtáì.

Noun edit

mare

  1. saliva

Norwegian Bokmål edit

 
Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

Etymology edit

From Old Norse mara.

Noun edit

mare f or m (definite singular mara or maren, indefinite plural marer, definite plural marene)

  1. (folklore) a mare (an evil spirit)

Derived terms edit

References edit

Anagrams edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse mara f.

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

mare f (definite singular mara, indefinite plural marer, definite plural marene)

  1. (folklore) a mare (an evil spirit)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Norse merja (to crush).

Alternative forms edit

  • mara (split or a-infinitive)

Verb edit

mare (present tense marar, past tense mara, past participle mara, passive infinitive marast, present participle marande, imperative mare/mar)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References edit

Anagrams edit

Old English edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *marā.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

mare f (nominative plural maran)

  1. mare (evil spirit thought to torment people in their sleep)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Old French edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Dutch mare (phantom, spirit).

Adjective edit

mare m (oblique and nominative feminine singular mare)

  1. evil; bad

Adverb edit

mare

  1. evilly; badly

Pali edit

Alternative forms edit

Verb edit

mare

  1. singular optative active of marati (to die)

Papuma edit

Noun edit

mare

  1. water

References edit

  • The Linguistic Situation in the Islands of Yapen, Kurudu, Nau and Miosnum, New Guinea (1961)

Portuguese edit

Verb edit

mare

  1. inflection of marar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Romanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Most likely inherited from Latin maiōrem,[1] accusative singular of Latin maior, albeit with an unusual (though not impossible) phonological evolution. Compare Aromanian mari, Megleno-Romanian mari, Dalmatian maur, Portuguese mor, Logudorese mere and Campidanese meri.[2] An alternative, less likely theory proposes a derivation from Latin marem (“male”), with a semantic shift from "male" to "large", on an idiomatic basis (i.e. assuming that the expression "s-a făcut mare", meaning "[ 3rd-pers. sg. ] grew up" [literally "made themselves big"] initially referred exclusively to boys becoming men, and that it shifted over time to refer more broadly to physical growth, and by extension, being large). Other theories include a derivation from its homonym mare (meaning sea), and a substrate origin (either Proto-Albanian or Thracian).

Adjective edit

mare m or f or n (plural mari)

  1. big, large, great
    Antonym: mic
    O mare mare.A big sea.
  2. great, mighty
    Un om mare.A great man.
Inflection edit
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin mare, from Proto-Italic *mari, from Proto-Indo-European *móri.

Noun edit

mare f (plural mări)

  1. sea
    Când am mers la mare, am înotat un pic și mai târziu am prins un pește mare.
    When I went to sea, I swam a little and later caught a big fish.
Declension edit
Related terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ “Etimologia adjectivului mare. O reconsiderare necesară”, in Limba română, LXV (3)[1] (in Romanian), Editura Academiei, 2016
  2. ^ “Chapter 17: Sardinian”, in The Oxford Guide to the Romance Languages[2], Oxford University Press, 2016, →ISBN, page 278

Sardinian edit

Alternative forms edit

  • mari (“Campidanese”)

Etymology edit

From Latin mare. Compare Italian mare.

Noun edit

mare m (plural mares)

  1. sea

Sonsorolese edit

Noun edit

mare

  1. boy

Tagalog edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Final clipping of kumare, from komadre.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: ma‧re
  • IPA(key): /ˈmaɾe/, [ˈma.ɾɛ]

Noun edit

mare (Baybayin spelling ᜋᜇᜒ)

  1. (slang) close female friend; sister
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:kaibigan
    Coordinate terms: brad, pare, tol
    Ano'ng tsika, mare?
    What's the buzz, sister?

See also edit

References edit

  • mare”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018
  • Zorc, R. David; San Miguel, Rachel (1993) Tagalog Slang Dictionary[4], Manila: De La Salle University Press, →ISBN

Tahitian edit

Noun edit

mare

  1. (archaic) cough

Usage notes edit

Use hota.

Ternate edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

mare

  1. Alternative form of mari (stone)

References edit

  • Frederik Sigismund Alexander de Clercq (1890) Bijdragen tot de kennis der Residentie Ternate, E.J. Brill

Venda edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Bantu *màtáì.

Noun edit

mare

  1. saliva

Venetian edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin mater.

Noun edit

mare f (invariable)

  1. mother

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin mare.

Noun edit

mare

  1. sea

Zazaki edit

 
Zazaki Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia zza

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Arabic مارا.

Noun edit

mare m or f

  1. marriage