Calque of Russian народная республика (narodnaja respublika), coined in the wake of the Russian Revolution of 1917. A Ukrainian People's Republic (Українська Народна Республіка) was declared in 1917. The term Народна Республіка at the time (1918-1919) was translated into English as "People's Republic" or as "National Republic" and rarely as "Popular Republic".
But the states using the same self-designation forming after World War II, the People's Republics of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croat narodna republika), Albania (Albanian republika popullore), Bulgaria (Bulgarian народна република), Romania (Romanian republica populară) and China (Chinese 人民共和国, i.e. 人民+共和国) were rendered in English as "people's republics", or rarely as "popular republics", but not as "national republics".
- A self-designation of states with Marxist-Leninist governments.
- (usually capitalized, humorous) A particular area with strong left-leaning tendencies, especially one with a certain level of autonomy.
2013, Mahzarin R. Banaji, Anthony G. Greenwald, Blind Spot: Hidden Biases of Good People, page 133:
- Remember, this study was conducted in Massachusetts, in the politically liberal climate of the “People's Republic of Cambridge,” where parents strive almost as hard to create racially nonbiased behavior in their children as they do to get them into the proper school.
- Used other than with a figurative or idiomatic meaning: see people, 's, republic.