piens

LadinEdit

AdjectiveEdit

piens m pl

  1. plural of pien

LatvianEdit

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 Piens on Latvian Wikipedia

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Piens

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *pienas, from Proto-Indo-European *peynos, *poyHnos, from the stem *pey-, *poyH-, *pī- ‎(to be fat) (perhaps from earlier “to swell”). The meaning evolved from “fat, swollen” to “(breasts) full of milk” and finally “milk.” There was an old Proto-Baltic verb pīti ‎(to give milk), from which Lithuanian dialectal pýti ‎(to give milk); the corresponding Latvian term disappeared, perhaps because of homophony with pīt ‎(to braid, to weave). Cognates include Lithuanian píenas ‎(milk), Sanskrit पयते ‎(páyate, to swell, to be too full), पयस् ‎(páyas, fluid, water, milk, rain), Avestan 𐬞𐬌𐬞𐬌𐬌𐬏𐬱𐬌 ‎(pipyūši-, having milk in her breasts), Persian پینو ‎(pīnū, buttermilk), Middle Persian pēm ‎(milk), Estonian piim ‎(milk), Finnish piimä ‎(buttermilk), Latin opīmus ‎(fat, plump; fruitful). [1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

piens m (1st declension)

  1. milk (nourishing liquid secreted by mammal females)
    mātes piens, krūts piens — mother's milk, breast milk
    piena dziedzeri — mammary (lit. milk) glands
    govs, kazas, ķēves piens — cow's, goat's, horse's milk
    piena ēdieni, produktidairy foods, products
    piena kokteilismilk shake (lit. milk cocktail)
    piena saldējums — ice-cream (lit. frozen milk)
    kafija ar pienu — coffee with milk
    pasterizēts piens — pasteurized milk
    kondensēts piens — condensed milk

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “piens” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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