Latin edit

Etymology edit

From prae- +‎ *cellō (to rise), one lost verb whose participle is celsus, from Proto-Indo-European *kelH- (to rise) (whence collis, columen etc.).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

praecellō (present infinitive praecellere, perfect active praeculī, supine praecelsum); third conjugation

  1. (transitive) to surpass, outdo
  2. to excel (with per or ablative)

Conjugation edit

  • Note: This verb seems to have sometimes been treated as a second-conjugation verb by ancient writers.
   Conjugation of praecellō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present praecellō praecellis praecellit praecellimus praecellitis praecellunt
imperfect praecellēbam praecellēbās praecellēbat praecellēbāmus praecellēbātis praecellēbant
future praecellam praecellēs praecellet praecellēmus praecellētis praecellent
perfect praeculī praeculistī praeculit praeculimus praeculistis praeculērunt,
pluperfect praeculeram praeculerās praeculerat praeculerāmus praeculerātis praeculerant
future perfect praeculerō praeculeris praeculerit praeculerimus praeculeritis praeculerint
passive present praecellor praecelleris,
praecellitur praecellimur praecelliminī praecelluntur
imperfect praecellēbar praecellēbāris,
praecellēbātur praecellēbāmur praecellēbāminī praecellēbantur
future praecellar praecellēris,
praecellētur praecellēmur praecellēminī praecellentur
perfect praecelsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect praecelsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect praecelsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present praecellam praecellās praecellat praecellāmus praecellātis praecellant
imperfect praecellerem praecellerēs praecelleret praecellerēmus praecellerētis praecellerent
perfect praeculerim praeculerīs praeculerit praeculerīmus praeculerītis praeculerint
pluperfect praeculissem praeculissēs praeculisset praeculissēmus praeculissētis praeculissent
passive present praecellar praecellāris,
praecellātur praecellāmur praecellāminī praecellantur
imperfect praecellerer praecellerēris,
praecellerētur praecellerēmur praecellerēminī praecellerentur
perfect praecelsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect praecelsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present praecelle praecellite
future praecellitō praecellitō praecellitōte praecelluntō
passive present praecellere praecelliminī
future praecellitor praecellitor praecelluntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives praecellere praeculisse praecelsūrum esse praecellī praecelsum esse praecelsum īrī
participles praecellēns praecelsūrus praecelsus praecellendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
praecellendī praecellendō praecellendum praecellendō praecelsum praecelsū

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • English: precel
  • French: préceller

References edit

  • praecello”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • praecello”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • praecello in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.