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FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French retorner, from re- + torner; morphologically, from re- +‎ tourner.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ʁə.tuʁ.ne/
  • (file)

VerbEdit

retourner

  1. (transitive) to turn over, turn upside-down; (in cooking) to turn
  2. (transitive) to toss (salad), turn over (earth, soil)
  3. (transitive) to return, send back (an object)
  4. (intransitive) to return, go back (to/from a place)
  5. (intransitive) to return, revert (à to) (a state etc)
  6. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to turn over; to overturn, capsize
  7. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to turn round (turn one's head)
  8. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to be reversed, be turned round (of a situation etc.)
  9. (takes a reflexive pronoun) to get organised

Usage notesEdit

  • This verb uses the auxiliary verb avoir when used transitively (or with a transitive sense, even when the complement is omitted); otherwise (when it is intransitive), it uses être.
    elle est retournée chez elleshe went back to her house
    elle a retourné sa chaiseshe turned her chair over

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

VerbEdit

retourner

  1. to return; to come back

ConjugationEdit

  • Middle French conjugation varies from one text to another. Hence, the following conjugation should be considered as typical, not as exhaustive.

Old FrenchEdit

VerbEdit

retourner

  1. Alternative form of retorner

ConjugationEdit

This verb conjugates as a first-group verb ending in -er. The forms that would normally end in *-rns, *-rnt are modified to rz, rt. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.