Hungarian edit

Etymology edit

From the verb rúg (to kick) +‎ -alom + -as. Created during the Hungarian language reform, which took place in the 18th–19th centuries.[1]

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈruɡɒlmɒʃ]
  • Hyphenation: ru‧gal‧mas
  • Rhymes: -ɒʃ

Adjective edit

rugalmas (comparative rugalmasabb, superlative legrugalmasabb)

  1. (of a material) elastic (capable of stretching; particularly, capable of stretching so as to return to an original shape or size when force is released)
    Synonym: elasztikus
  2. (of gait, movement) limber, springy
    Synonyms: friss, könnyed, ruganyos, élénk
  3. (figuratively, of a person) flexible, resilient (not invincibly rigid or obstinate, being able to easily and skillfully adapt to different circumstances and conditions)
    Synonym: alkalmazkodó

Declension edit

Inflection of rugalmas
singular plural
nominative rugalmas rugalmasak
accusative rugalmasat
rugalmast
rugalmasakat
dative rugalmasnak rugalmasaknak
instrumental rugalmassal rugalmasakkal
causal-final rugalmasért rugalmasakért
translative rugalmassá rugalmasakká
terminative rugalmasig rugalmasakig
essive-formal rugalmasként rugalmasakként
essive-modal
inessive rugalmasban rugalmasakban
superessive rugalmason rugalmasakon
adessive rugalmasnál rugalmasaknál
illative rugalmasba rugalmasakba
sublative rugalmasra rugalmasakra
allative rugalmashoz rugalmasakhoz
elative rugalmasból rugalmasakból
delative rugalmasról rugalmasakról
ablative rugalmastól rugalmasaktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
rugalmasé rugalmasaké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
rugalmaséi rugalmasakéi

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Eőry, Vilma. Értelmező szótár+ (’Explanatory Dictionary Plus’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2007. →ISBN

Further reading edit

  • rugalmas in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN