See also: rígid

English edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English rigide, from Latin rigidus (stiff), from rigeō (I am stiff). Compare rigor. Merged with Middle English rigged, rygged, rugged (upright like a spine, rigid, literally ridged), from ridge +‎ -ed.

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): /ˈɹɪd͡ʒ.ɪd/
  • Rhymes: -ɪdʒɪd

Adjective edit

rigid (comparative rigider or more rigid, superlative rigidest or most rigid)

  1. Stiff, rather than flexible.
    Synonym: inflexible
    Antonym: flexible
  2. Fixed, rather than moving.
    Antonym: moving
    • 2011, David Foster Wallace, The Pale King, Penguin Books, page 5:
      A sunflower, four more, one bowed, and horses in the distance standing rigid and still as toys.
  3. Rigorous and unbending.
  4. Uncompromising.
    Antonym: compromising

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun edit

 
Construction of USS Shenandoah, a rigid (sense 1), showing her internal framework.

rigid (plural rigids)

 
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Wikipedia
  1. (aviation) An airship whose shape is maintained solely by an internal and/or external rigid structural framework, without using internal gas pressure to stiffen the vehicle (the lifting gas is at atmospheric pressure); typically also equipped with multiple redundant gasbags, unlike other types of airship.
    The rigid could reach the greatest sizes and speeds of any airship, but was expensive to build and bulky to store. Rigids fell out of favor after the R101 and Hindenburg disasters made the type seem unsafe to the travelling public.
  2. A bicycle with no suspension system.

Synonyms edit

(airship):

Hypernyms edit

(airship):

Hyponyms edit

(airship):

Coordinate terms edit

(airship):

References edit

Old Irish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Celtic *regeti (to extend, stretch, straighten), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃reǵ- (to straighten, stretch, rule).[1][2]

Verb edit

rigid (conjunct ·reig or ·raig)

  1. to stretch, to distend
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 20a23
      rechti .i. ro·recht ho methi ⁊ inmairi
      distended, i.e. it has been distended by fat and obesity.
Inflection edit
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Middle Irish: rigid
    • Irish: righ (to stretch)

References edit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*reg-o-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 308
  2. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*rig-o- ‘stretch’”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 312–13

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Celtic *rigeti (bind), from Proto-Indo-European *Hreyǵ- (to bind, reach).[1]

Verb edit

rigid (conjunct ·rig)

  1. to rule, direct
    • c. 700, Críth Gablach, published in Críth Gablach (1941, Dublin: Stationery Office), edited by Daniel Anthony Binchy, §30
      Rí, cid ara n-eperr? Arindí riges cumachtu(i) chun[d]rig fora túatha(i).
      The king, why do they call him that? Because he wields [exerts, MacNeill] the power of control [correction, MacNeill] over his people [in a túath].
    • c. 800-840, Orthanach, A Chóicid chóem Chairpri chrúaid from the Book of Leinster, LL line 6094
      Reraig Herind ardrí Molt[...]
      The High King [Ailill] Molt ruled over Ireland...
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit

References edit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*rig-o- ‘bind’”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 311–12

Further reading edit

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French rigide.

Adjective edit

rigid m or n (feminine singular rigidă, masculine plural rigizi, feminine and neuter plural rigide)

  1. rigid

Declension edit

Related terms edit