Latin

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Latin numbers (edit)
70
 ←  6 VII
7
8  → 
    Cardinal: septem
    Ordinal: septimus
    Adverbial: septiēs, septiēns
    Multiplier: septimplus, septemplus, septimplex, septemplex, septuplus, septuplex
    Distributive: septēnus
    Fractional: septāns
 
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Alternative forms

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  • Symbol: VII

Etymology

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From Proto-Italic *septem, from Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥.

Cognates include Sanskrit सप्तन् (saptán), Ancient Greek ἑπτά (heptá), Old English seofon (English seven) and Old Church Slavonic седмь (sedmĭ).

Pronunciation

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Numeral

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septem (indeclinable)

  1. seven; 7
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 5.188–190:
      at Nileus, qui se genitum septemplice Nilo ementitus erat, clipeo quoque flumina septem argento partim, partim caelaverat auro
      But Nileus, who falsely claimed he was born of the seven-fold Nile, had upon [his] shield the seven streams, part in silver and part engraved in gold
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Genesis.29.18:
      quam diligens Iacob ait serviam tibi pro Rahel filia tua minore septem annis
      And Jacob loved Rachel; and said, I will serve thee seven years for Rachel thy younger daughter.

Derived terms

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Descendants

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See also

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References

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  • septem”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • septem”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • septem in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • Solon, one of the seven sages: Solo, unus de septem (illis)