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Latin cardinal numbers
 <  VI VII VIII  > 
    Cardinal : septem
    Ordinal : septimus
    Adverbial : septiēs
    Multiplier : septimplus, septemplus, septimplex, septemplex, septuplus, septuplex
    Distributive : septēnī
    Fractional : septāns
Latin Wikipedia article on septem

Alternative formsEdit

  • Symbol: VII

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *septḿ̥. Cognates include Sanskrit सप्तन् (saptán), Ancient Greek ἑπτά (heptá), Old English seofon (English seven) and Old Church Slavonic седмь (sedmĭ).

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

septem (indeclinable)

  1. seven; 7
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 5.188–190:
      at Nileus, qui se genitum septemplice Nilo ementitus erat, clipeo quoque flumina septem argento partim, partim caelaverat auro
      But Nileus, who falsely claimed he was born of the seven-fold Nile, had upon [his] shield the seven streams, part in silver and part engraved in gold
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Genesis.29.18:
      quam diligens Iacob ait serviam tibi pro Rahel filia tua minore septem annis
      And Jacob loved Rachel; and said, I will serve thee seven years for Rachel thy younger daughter.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit